International Journal of
Fisheries and Aquaculture

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Fish. Aquac.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9839
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJFA
  • Start Year: 2010
  • Published Articles: 223

Full Length Research Paper

Bioremediation of ammonia and nitrite in polluted water

P. Barik1,2*, H. K. Vardia1 and S. B. Gupta1
  1Department of Fisheries, Indira Gandhi Agricultural University (IGAU), Raipur - 494006, (C.G.) India.   2Department of Soil Microbiology, Indira Gandhi Agricultural University (IGAU), Raipur - 494006, (C.G.) India
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 28 March 2011
  •  Published: 31 July 2011

Abstract

High ammonia nitrogen is a key limiting factor in polluted waters or intensive aquaculture system. Removal of unionized ammonia (NH3) and nitrite (NO2) through biological activity is thus an important tool for changing such ecosystem. Nitrifying bacterial inoculants are the biologically active materials which may be used in intensive aquaculture for bioremediation. In all, 12 treatments were used with two replications (Completed Randomized Design) factorial design to assess the effects on various physic-chemical conditions of water. Decrease of ammonia nitrogen concentration from 10 mg l-1 to below the minimum limit (0.3 mg l-1) was obtained within 3 days after inoculation of microbial inoculums with aeration in water. Rate of nitrification was very slow in tanks without aeration. Soil at the bottom was not found to affect the nitrification process. Aeration and microbial application played an important role in increasing the nitrification. After acclimation phase nitrification rate was found to be increased. Therefore, application of bioremediators (nitrifiers) decreased ammonia and nitrate nitrogen.

 

Key words: Bioremediators, ammonia, nitrite, aquaculture systems, polluted waters