International Journal of
Fisheries and Aquaculture

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Fish. Aquac.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9839
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJFA
  • Start Year: 2010
  • Published Articles: 233

Article in Press

Preliminary Assessment of heavy metal concentration in selected fish feed ingredients


Abstract. Dearth of information exist on the heavy metal concentration (HM) of local fish feed ingredients in Nigeria, thus preliminary investigation on the concentration of lead, cadium (toxic heavy metals), copper, zinc and chromiun(essential trace metals) present in some selected feed ingredients. The two toxic metals; lead and cadium were found in fishmeal at the concentration of 0.30mg/kg each. Cd content in soybean meal, groundnut cake, maize and soybean cake were 0.01, 0.3, 0.4 and 0.5mg/kg respectively. Chromium was not detected in soybean cake and maize. Soybean meal and fishmeal had the same chromium content of 0.20mg/kg while highest concentration of chromium 1.00mg/kg was found in groundnut cake. Maize had the highest copper content of 1.00mg/kg, groundnut cake 0.40mg/kg, followed by 0.21mg/ kg in soybean cake and lowest concentration of 0.20mg/kg each was found in soybean meal and maize. Fish meal had the highest zinc content of 1.70mg/kg, followed by 0.91 mg/kg in maize and 0.90mg found in soybean cake and meal, while groundnut cake had the least zinc 0.70mg/kg.The values of the heavy metal content of the selected feed ingredients are far below fish requirement for essential metals (copper, zinc and chromium). The results seem to buttress the need to fortify fish feed with these essential metals from other sources. Otherwise fish and man the ultimate consumer may be predisposed to assimilation and bioaccumulation of cadium and lead which are chemical analogues of zinc; especially with the current use of exogenous enzymes which may improve nutrient bioavailability.

Keywords: Heavy metals, maize, fishmeal, plant protein sources