International Journal of
Livestock Production

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Livest. Prod.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2448
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJLP
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 263

Full Length Research Paper

Native chicken farming: A tool for wealth creation and food security in Benin

Camus Adoligbe
  • Camus Adoligbe
  • Research Unit on communicable disease, University of Abomey-Calavi, P. O. Box. 2009 Cotonou, Benin.
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Arthur Fernandes
  • Arthur Fernandes
  • Department of Animal and Dairy Sciences, University of Wisconsin, 1675 Observatory Dr. Madison, WI 53706, USA.
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Richard Osei-Amponsah
  • Richard Osei-Amponsah
  • Department of Animal Science, School of Agriculture, College of Basic and Applied Sciences, University of Ghana, P. O. Box, LG 226, Legon, Accra, Ghana.
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Nourou Dine Adje
  • Nourou Dine Adje
  • Research Unit on communicable disease, University of Abomey-Calavi, P. O. Box. 2009 Cotonou, Benin.
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Robert Gbedevi
  • Robert Gbedevi
  • Research Unit on communicable disease, University of Abomey-Calavi, P. O. Box. 2009 Cotonou, Benin.
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Marie-Christelle Fonton
  • Marie-Christelle Fonton
  • Research Unit on communicable disease, University of Abomey-Calavi, P. O. Box. 2009 Cotonou, Benin.
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Guilherme J. M. Rosa
  • Guilherme J. M. Rosa
  • Department of Animal and Dairy Sciences, University of Wisconsin, 1675 Observatory Dr. Madison, WI 53706, USA.
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Farougou Souaibou Souaibou
  • Farougou Souaibou Souaibou
  • Research Unit on communicable disease, University of Abomey-Calavi, P. O. Box. 2009 Cotonou, Benin.
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  •  Received: 26 June 2020
  •  Accepted: 13 August 2020
  •  Published: 30 November 2020

Abstract

Poultry is the second largest livestock in Benin (contributing to 22% of the total meat produced), and chickens are the most reared poultry in the country. The objective of this study was to assess the current trends of local chicken breeding and factors that influence their production performance, and thereby to deliver information for production improvement and sustainable use of indigenous chicken breeds. An electronic tool was used to collect information from 269 respondents selected through a chain referral sampling method. The results showed that there were three production systems; however, the most common production system used was free-range extensive system (70%). Regarding flock ownership, men owned the birds in the majority of the cases (63%) and had overall higher population of chickens than women. The most predominant constraints for chicken production, in descending order of importance, included theft, access to bank loan, lack of training, limited investment, disease spread and mortality. From our results, gender, financial resources, main activity of the flock owner, weaning practice, and the production area had a significant effect on flock size. To enhance the indigenous chicken production, changes in traditional management practices combined with breeding program focusing on within breed selection (closed nuclear system) is a better approach. 

Key words: Biodiversity, cluster analysis, food security, farmer livelihood, local chickens.