International Journal of
Nutrition and Metabolism

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Nutr. Metab.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2332
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJNAM
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 119

Full Length Research Paper

Evaluation of the nutritional status of adult subject with cancer at the Treichville University hospital center

Bile Arthur Gerard
  • Bile Arthur Gerard
  • Laboratory of Nutrition and Food Security, Human Nutrition Pole, Training and Research Unit of Food Science and Technology, Nangui Abrogoua University, Cote D'ivoire.
  • Google Scholar
Soumaila Dabonne
  • Soumaila Dabonne
  • Laboratory of Biocatalysis and Enzymology, Training and Research Unit of Food Science and Technology, Nangui Abrogoua University, Cote D'ivoire.
  • Google Scholar
Gbogouri Grodji Albarin
  • Gbogouri Grodji Albarin
  • Laboratory of Nutrition and Food Security, Human Nutrition Pole, Training and Research Unit of Food Science and Technology, Nangui Abrogoua University, Cote D'ivoire.
  • Google Scholar
Toure Moctar
  • Toure Moctar
  • Research and Training Unit of Medical Sciences, Cancer Department, University Hospital Center of Treichville, Felix Houphouët Boigny University, Cote D'ivoire.
  • Google Scholar
Adoubi Innocent
  • Adoubi Innocent
  • Research and Training Unit of Medical Sciences, Cancer Department, University Hospital Center of Treichville, Felix Houphouët Boigny University, Cote D'ivoire.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 08 February 2019
  •  Accepted: 09 October 2019
  •  Published: 30 November 2019

Abstract

While multidisciplinary consultation meetings on therapeutic protocols, psychological management, treatment of pain for patients living with cancer are setting up, their nutritional status in Côte-d'Ivoire is almost absent in oncology units. This study aimed to assess the nutritional profile of adult patients with cancer, followed at the oncology service of the University Hospital of Treichville. A descriptive and analytical cross-sectional study was conducted over a 40-day period, from an anonymous questionnaire and involving fifty-three (53) cancer patients. sociodemographic, clinical and biological data as well as qualitative parameters on food consumption (24-hour recall) were collected. The results revealed that the mean age was 51 years with a female predominance (87.5%). The nutritional status of patients was evaluated according to several parameters: The Body Mass Index (BMI) accounted for 8.33% of malnourished patients with 37.5% of patients being obese or overweight. Weight loss in the 6 months preceding the survey concerned 77.55% patients, 30.61% of whom were severely malnourished. Albuminemia and the Nutritional Risk Index (NRI) showed that respectively 13.5% of the patients were malnourished and 22.5% of patients were at risk of complications related to undernutrition. In 18.87% of cases, surveyed patients had taken less than three meals a day. Therefore, prevalence of undernutrition/malnutrition was high in the study population. No single parameter was sufficiently sensitive and specific. Based on this, the combination of several parameters is necessary for an objective assessment for intervention. Nutritional management of patients living with cancer deserves to be integrated into the overall therapeutic project.

Key words: Nutrition, cancer, undernutrition, nutritional assessment, food intake.