International Journal of
Nutrition and Metabolism

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Nutr. Metab.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2332
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJNAM
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 125

Full Length Research Paper

The level of adherence to food by prescription (FBP) program among adults living with HIV/AIDS in Addis Ababa City, Ethiopia: A facility-based cross-sectional study

Biniyam D. Kabtyimer
  • Biniyam D. Kabtyimer
  • 1Department of Applied Human Nutrition Faculty of Chemical and Food Engineering, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Ribka D. Gebre
  • Ribka D. Gebre
  • 2Care Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Tesfalem T. Tessema
  • Tesfalem T. Tessema
  • 3Department of Public Health, St. Paul’s Hospital Millennium Medical College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 17 November 2019
  •  Accepted: 21 February 2020
  •  Published: 31 March 2020


Ahoua L, Umutoni C, Huerga H, Minetti A, Szumilin E, Balkan S (2011). Nutrition outcomes of HIV-infected malnourished adults treated with ready-to-use therapeutic food in sub-Saharan Africa : a longitudinal study. Journal of International AIDS Society 14(1):2. 


Ballard T, Coates J, Swindale A, Deitchler M (2011). Household Hunger Scale : Indicator Definition and Measurement Guide. Washington, DC: Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance II Project, FHI 360.


Cames C, Varloteaux M, Have NN, Diom AB (2017). Acceptability of Outpatient Protocols in HIV-Infected Senegalese Children and Adolescents Within the MAGGSEN Cohort Study. The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal 38(1):27-36. 


Dibari F (2008). Operational aspects of therapeutic nutritional rehabilitation for HIV/TB patients: the use of Ready To Use Therapeutic Foods. In: 39th Union World Conference on Lung Health. Paris, France.


Dibari F, Bahwere P, Gall I Le, Guerrero S, Mwaniki D, Seal A (2011). A qualitative investigation of adherence to nutritional therapy in malnourished adult AIDS patients in Kenya. Public Health Nutrition 15(2):316-23. 


Ethiopian FMoH (2008). Ethiopian Guide to Clinical Nutrition Care for Children and Adults Living with HIV. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.


Ethiopian FMoH (2016). National Nutrition Program 2016-2020. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.


FDRE-CSA (2013). Population Projection of Ethiopia for All Regions At Wereda Level from 2014-2017. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.


FHAPCO (2018). HIV Prevention in Ethiopia National Road Map 2018 - 2020. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.


Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance II Project FANTA-2, FHI 360 (2009). Review of Kenya's Food by Prescription Program. Washington, DC.


Gary B, Mark N, Cristofer P, William H, John C (2000). Guide to Measuring Household Food Security, Revised 2000. Alexandria VA. 


Gerberg L, Stansbury JP (2010). Food by prescription in Kenya. Arlington, VA.


Kebede MA, Haidar J (2014). Factors influencing adherence to the food by prescription program among adult HIV positive patients in Addis Ababa . Infectious Diseases of Poverty 3(20). 


Maldey B, Haile F, Shumye A (2014). AIDS and Clinical Outcome of Ready to Use Food Therapy among Patients on HIV / AIDS Care in Mekelle Hospital, Northern Ethiopia : Retrospective Cohort Study. Journal of AIDS and Clinical Research 5(1):268.


Olsen M, Tesfaye, Kæstel, Friis, Holm (2013). Use, perceptions, and acceptability of a ready-to-use supplementary food among adult HIV patients initiating antiretroviral treatment: a qualitative study in Ethiopia. Patient Prefer Adherence 7:481-8.


Rodas-Moya S, Kodish S, Grede N, Pee S de (2015). Preferences for food and nutritional supplements among adult people living with HIV in Malawi. Public Health Nutrition. 


Sadler K, Bontrager E, Rogers B, Coates J, Ghosh S, Kidane Y (2012). Measuring the Impact and Cost-Effectiveness of Prescribed Food on Recovery from Malnutrition and HIV Disease Progression Among HIV + Adult Clients in Ethiopia. Feinstein International Center, Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy. Boston, USA.


UNAIDS, UNAIDS DATA (2017). Avenue Appia, Geneva, Switzerland.


Wieringa FT, Hoang M, Brown M, Maalouf-manasseh Z, Berger J (2013). Acceptability of Two Ready-to-Use Therapeutic Foods among HIV- Positive Patients in Vietnam. Washington, DC.