International Journal of
Nursing and Midwifery

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Nurs. Midwifery
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2456
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJNM
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 212

Full Length Research Paper

Effect of tetanus toxoid immunization training program on knowledge and attitude on female nursing students in Government Universities in Khartoum State

Amani Abdelgader Mohamed
  • Amani Abdelgader Mohamed
  • Department of Nursing, Sabia University College, Jazan University, Saudi Arabia.
  • Google Scholar
Faiza Ali Nasor
  • Faiza Ali Nasor
  • Faculty of Nursing Sciences. Khartoum University, Sudan
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 09 January 2020
  •  Accepted: 17 April 2020
  •  Published: 30 April 2020


Tetanus is an acute infectious disease, most cases occur due to lack of vaccination or incomplete immunization on exposure leading to increase morbidity and mortality. Studies reveal that adequate knowledge regarding tetanus is more important for the prevention of maternal and neonatal tetanus in the future. The study aims to study effect of tetanus toxoid immunization training program on knowledge and attitude of female nursing students in government universities in Khartoum state. The Experimental design was used. The study was done in Government Universities in Khartoum state which has faculty of nursing, randomly; Tow University selected study group and the rest control group. A total of 181 students were recruited study group and 246 control group. Data were collected from both groups using structure close end questionnaire and attitude scale; pre intervention and training program offered to the study group and after six months data recollected from both groups. Mean knowledge changed from 1.5709 pre to 1.8154 post interventions for the study group and showed statistically significant with p-value = 0.000, while control group showed statistical significant knowledge. Total mean percent for positive attitude 65 (48%) pre were changed to 72.8 post intervention; while negative attitude were changed from 34.55% pre to 27.28% post in the study group. In the control group, Wilcoxon ranged test showed a statistical significant in the control group from pre to post intervention. From the study group, health education is effective and is the best strategy to improve knowledge, attitudes and increased vaccination status of participants.

Key words: Effect, tetanus, training, program, students.