This research analyzes the common sexual characteristics of the minors who pass part-time or full-time courses in the institution. There is a possibility to implant programs of sexual education in schools which serve children from home with their parents present, and whose parents and teachers could act together to develop their sexuality, bringing a better integration of the children, when they become adults in the environment. There is no adjusted communication in traditional schools. Students, teachers, employees and school directors, as well as parents do not know how to handle minors’ sexuality, and everything about this subject is unknown. They punish children for it, which originates apprehension, doubts or traumas, adding to the troubles that make part of their own deficiency. In institutions which receive children at social risk, sexuality receives the same treatment. It is either ignored or children are punished for it. It is not clarified or taught to the children, because most often the professionals that work in this area have no proper preparation to deal with sexuality. However, the expression of sexuality is natural in these age groups irrespective of the problem that caused the minors to be institutionalized. In most cases, sexuality is exacerbated due to natural curiosity, pleasure, day-to-day boredom and lack of affection from parents and educators. How to deal with these children is difficult because lack of information, age or situation lead to different performances of the teachers, employees and their own parents. With these facts, we have general and other specific procedures for the public involved.
Key words: Anti-conception, sexual education, sexually transmitted diseases, mass communication, sexuality.