International Journal of
Psychology and Counselling

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Psychol. Couns.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2499
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJPC
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 213


Prevalence of substance abuse and use among Australian youth: A literature review

Edmund John Kwadjo Adjei
  • Edmund John Kwadjo Adjei
  • JEA Psychotherapy Practice, Unit 5, 124 Hartington Street, Rooty Hill, NSW 2766 Australia.
  • Google Scholar
Keith Wilhite
  • Keith Wilhite
  • Newburgh Theological Seminary, 8922 Ruffian Lane, P. O. Box 1238 Newburgh, Indiana-47629, USA.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 02 January 2018
  •  Accepted: 10 December 2020
  •  Published: 31 January 2021


Abuse S, Administration MHS (2014). Results from the 2013 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH): 14-4863:1-143.


Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) (2005). 2004 National Drug Strategy Household Survey: First results. Canberra: AIHW.


Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW). (2007). Statistics on Drug Use in Australia 2006. Drug Statistics Series No. 18. Cat. no. PHE 80. Canberra: AIHW.


Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2014). National Drug Strategy Household Survey detailed report 2013. Drug statistics series no. 28. Cat. no. PHE 183. Canberra: AIHW.

Bertola V (2015). Ice statistics hike reveals insidious problem. Macarthur Chronicle Campbelltown, News Local, Australia: Available at: 

Beyers JM, Toumbourou JW, Catalan RF, Arthur MW, Hawkins JD (2004). A cross-national comparison of risk and protective factors for adolescent substance use: the United States and Australia. Journal of Adolescent Health 35(1):3-16.


Clifford A, Pulver LJ, Richmond R, Shakeshaft A, Ivers R (2011). Smoking, nutrition, alcohol and physical activity interventions targeting Indigenous Australians: rigorous evaluations and new directions needed. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 35(1):8-46.


Corrao M, Guindon G, Sharma N, Shokoohi D (2000). Tobacco control country profiles. Atlanta: The American Cancer Society.


Degenhardt L, Hall AW (2001). The relationship between tobacco use, substance-use disorders and mental health: results from the National Survey of Mental Health and Well-being. Nicotine and Tobacco Research 3(3):225-234.


Degenhardt L, Hall W, Lynskey M (2001). Alcohol, cannabis and tobacco use among Australians: a comparison of their associations with other drug use and use disorders, affective and anxiety disorders, and psychosis. Addiction 96(11):1603-1614.


Degenhardt L, Hall W, Lynskey M (2001a). The relationship between cannabis use and other substance use in the general population. Drug and Alcohol Dependence 64(3):319-327.

DrugInfo (2012-13). Statistics: Facts and resources about alcohol and drugs. Australian Drug Foundation. Available at: 

Feidler K, Pertica S, Leary S, Strohl J (2002). Substance abuse among aging adults: Anannotated bibliography (NEDS Contract No. 270-00-7078) Fairfax, VA: Caliber Associates.


Gartner CE, Barendregt JJ, Hall WD (2009). Predicting the future prevalence of cigarette smoking in Australia: how low can we go and by when? Tobacco Control 18(3):183-189.


Gately N, Ellis S, Morris R (2016). Drug use monitoring in Australia: An expansion into the Pilbara.


House of Representatives (2003). Road to recovery: Report on the inquiry into substance abuse in Australian communities. Standing Committee on Family and Community Affairs. Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia.


Keenan M (2004). The social context of drug use. In M. Hamilton, T. King and A. Ritter (Eds.), Drug use in Australia: Preventing harm (2nd Ed.). Melbourne: Oxford University Press, pp. 64-67.


Kinner SA, Dietze PM, Gouillou M, Alati R (2012). Prevalence and correlates of alcohol dependence in adult prisoners vary according to Indigenous status. Australian and New Zealand. Journal of Public Health 36(4):329-334.


Lang E (2004). Drugs in society: A social history. In M. Hamilton, T. King and A. Ritter (Eds.), Drug use in Australia: Preventing harm (2nd Ed.) Melbourne: Oxford University Press pp. 1-16.


Lukasiewicz M, Falissard B, Michel L, Neveu X, Reynaud M, Gasquet I (2007). Prevalence and factors associated with alcohol and drug-related disorders in prison: a French national study. Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy 2(1):1.


MacGowan RJ, Margolis A, Gaiter J, Morrow K, Zack B, Askew J, McAuliffe T, Sosman JM, Eldridge GD (2003). Predictors of risky sex of young men after release from prison. International Journal of STD and Aids 14(8):519-523.


Maggia B, Martin S, Crouzet C, Richard P, Wagner P, Balmès JL, Nalpas B (2004). Variation in audit (alcohol used disorder identification test) scores within the first weeks of imprisonment. Alcohol and Alcoholism 39(3):247-250.


McCrindle (2013). Demographic analysis of the youth in Australia. National Youth Week, 5 - 14 April 2013. McCrindle Research: Social Analysis. 


Mertens DM (1998). Research methods in education and psychology: Integrating diversity with quantitative and qualitative approaches. London: Sage Publications.


Moher D, Liberati A, Tetzlaff J, Altman DG (2010). Preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses: the PRISMA statement. International Journal of Surgery 8(5):336-341.


National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence (NCADD). (2016). Signs and Symptoms. National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence, Inc.


Nock MK, Borges G, Bromet EJ, Alonso JM, Angermeyer M, Beautrais A (2008). Cross-national prevalence and risk factors for suicidal ideation, plans and attempts. British Journal of Psychiatry 192:98-105.


Prichard J, Payne J (2005). Alcohol, drugs and crime: a study of juveniles in detention. Research and public policy series no 67. Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology.


Reid A, Lynskey M, Copeland J (2000). Cannabis use among Australian adolescents: findings of the 1998 national drug strategy household survey. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health 24(6):596-602.


Rey JM, Sawyer MG, Raphael B, Patton GC, Lynskey M (2002). Mental health of teenagers who use cannabis: results of an Australian survey. The British Journal of Psychiatry 180(3):216-221.


Rickwood D, Magor-blatch L, Mattick R, Gruenert S, Zavrou N, Akers, A. (2008). Substance Use A Position Statement prepared for The Australian Psychological Society.

The Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) (2012). The thirteenth biennial health report of the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Australia's Health 2012. Available at: 
The National Drug Strategy (2010-2015). A framework for action on alcohol, tobacco, illegal and other drugs: Ministerial Council on Drug Strategy - Australia.

Thomson N (2012). Translational research and the Australian indigenous HealthInfoNet. Health 7:211.


Welty L, Harrison A, Abram K, Olson N, Aaby D, McCoy K (2019). Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.(2017). Key substance use and mental health indicators in the United States: Results from the 2016 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (HHS Publication No. SMA 17-5044, NSDUH Series H-52). Rockville, MD: Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Retrieved. College of Health Sciences 106(5):128.


White V, Hayman J (2004). Australian secondary students' use of over-the-counter and illicit substances in 2002.


World Health Organization (WHO) (1997). Cannabis: a health perspective and research agenda.


World Health Organization (WHO) (2014). Management of Substance Abuse Unit: Global status report on alcohol and health: World Health Organization.