International Journal of
Water Resources and Environmental Engineering

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Water Res. Environ. Eng.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-6613
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJWREE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 290

Full Length Research Paper

Quality of groundwater in Valikamam area, Jaffna Peninsula, Sri Lanka

V. Jeevaratnam
  • V. Jeevaratnam
  • Department of Agricultural Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Jaffna, Sri Lanka.
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S. Balakumar
  • S. Balakumar
  • Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Jaffna, Sri Lanka.
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T. Mikunthan
  • T. Mikunthan
  • Department of Agricultural Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Jaffna, Sri Lanka.
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M. Prabaharan
  • M. Prabaharan
  • Department of Agricultural Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Jaffna, Sri Lanka.
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  •  Received: 12 February 2017
  •  Accepted: 22 August 2017
  •  Published: 28 February 2018

Abstract

The Jaffna Peninsula depends largely on groundwater resources for domestic as well as agricultural purposes. On several instances, it was pointed out that the groundwater is deteriorating due to overuse and is polluted by excessive usage of agrochemical, fertilizers, waste oil and improper sewage disposal. Hence, an experimental study was undertaken to assess the analysis of groundwater quality. To achieve this, water samples were collected from the area around the Power Station, Chunnakam. All selected 16 wells were contaminated with coliforms. Tested chemicals concentrations are not in risk level even though Average Nitrate nitrogen concentration of tested 16 well ranges from 8.2 to 29.8 mg/l with the mean value of 19.25625. However the SLS gives that the maximum permissible level of drinking water is 10 mg/l. Groundwater condition of Valikamam area, Jaffna peninsula is not much suitable for drinking purpose.

Key words: Chemical parameters, drinking water, groundwater pollution, groundwater quality, microbial contaminations.