International Journal of
Water Resources and Environmental Engineering

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Water Res. Environ. Eng.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-6613
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJWREE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 337

Full Length Research Paper

Supplying drinking water to rural households through trickle fill and decentralized cisterns

Aaron Janzen
  • Aaron Janzen
  • Alberta Environment and Parks, Canada.
  • Google Scholar
Gopal Achari
  • Gopal Achari
  • Schulich School of Engineering, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
  • Google Scholar
Samantha Irwin
  • Samantha Irwin
  • Former Graduate Student, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
  • Google Scholar
Mohammed Dore
  • Mohammed Dore
  • Department of Economics, Brock University, Ontario, Canada.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 15 November 2021
  •  Accepted: 12 January 2022
  •  Published: 31 March 2022

References

ALS Environmental (2018). Balzac Water System 2018 Annual Report. (Lab Work Order #: L2062835). Retrieved from Rocky View County Utility Services. Rocky View County, Alberta

 

Agriculture Land Resource Atlas of Alberta (2018). Aquifer Vulnerability Index for the Agricultural Area of Alberta. Government of Alberta. 

 
 

Albetis L, Lenehan AM (2003). An Assessment of the Trickle Feed System as a Tool for Implementing the Free Basic Water Policy.

View

 
 

Alberta Municipal Affairs (2017). 2017 Municipal Codes. Government of Alberta.

View

 
 

Alberta Transportation (2017). AMWWP Regional Systems Initiative and Water Strategy Initiative (Water for Life) - Grant Procedures Manual.

View

 
 

Alberta Transportation (2018). Alberta Municipal Water/Wastewater Partnership (AMWWP)/ Water for Life.

View

 
 

Alberta Environment and Parks (2022a). Regional Water Transmission lines (Large Diameter) in Alberta [MAP]. Created Feb 3, 2022 by Jaclyn Roulston. Government of Alberta.

 
 

Alberta Environment and Parks. (2022b). Overview of Regional Water Transmission lines (Large Diameter) in Alberta and Small Diameter Low Pressure Water Distribution Lines in Alberta [MAP]. Created Feb 3, 2022 by Jaclyn Roulston. Government of Alberta.

 
 

AUMA (2018). List of Regional Water and Wastewater Systems in Alberta. Alberta Urban Municipalities Association.

 
 

Bacque T (2011). Official opening held for Balzac water plant. Airdrie City View.

View

 
 

Boothe P. Boudreault FA (2016). By the numbers: Canadian GHG Emissions. Lawrence National Centre for Policy and Management, Ivey Business School at Western University.

View

 
 

Bank of Canada (2018). Inflation Calculator.

View

 
 

Canada (2016). The Paris Agreement, 2015.

View

 
 

City of Calgary (2018). Water Utility Bylaw, (Bylaw number 40M2006).

View

 
 

City of Chestermere Council (2018). 2018 Water Rates - per month. 

 
 

Dore MH (2015). Water Policy in Canada: Problems and Possible Solutions. Switzerland: Springer International.
Crossref

 
 

Environment and Climate Change Canada (2018). Canadian Environmental Sustainability Indicators: Drinking water advisories. 

 
 

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) (2018). Green Vehicle Guide, Greenhouse Gas Emissions from a Typical Passenger Vehicle. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

View

 
 

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) (2012). Basic Information on Small Systems and Capacity Development

View

 
 

Ford T, Rupp G, Butterfield P, Camper A (2005). Protecting public health in small water systems. Report of an international colloquium. Bozeman, Montana, USA. Montana Water Center and Montana State University. 

 
 

Health Canada (2017a). Guidelines for Canadian Drinking Water Quality-Summary Table. Water and Air Quality Bureau, Healthy Environments and Consumer Safety Branch, Health Canada, Ottawa, Ontario.

View

 
 

Health Canada (2017b). Sodium in Canada. Food and Nutrition, Health Canada.

View

 
 

Health Canada (2016a). Water Quality - Reports and Publications. Government of Canada.

View

 
 

Health Canada (2016b). Manganese in Drinking Water [proposed guideline for public consultation]. Water and Air Quality Bureau, Health Canada, Ottawa, Ontario.

View

 
 

Health Canada (2010). Guidelines for Canadian Drinking Water Quality: Guideline Technical Document -Fluoride. Water, Air and Climate Change Bureau, Healthy Environments and Consumer Safety Branch, Health Canada, Ottawa, Ontario. (Catalogue No. H128-1/11-647E-PDF).

View

 
 

High Point Estates Subdivision Waterworks System (2017). High Point Estates Annual Waterworks Report for High Point Estates, 2017. Alberta, Canada. Retrieved from Alberta Environment and Parks.

 
 

High Point Estates Subdivision Waterworks System (2016). High Point Estates Annual Waterworks Report for High Point Estates, 2016. Alberta, Canada. Retrieved from Alberta Environment and Parks.

 
 

Hydrogeological Consultants Ltd. (2002). Regional Groundwater Assessment, Tp 021 to 029, R 25 to 29, W4M & Tp 023 to 029, R 01 to 06, W5M. M.D. of Rocky View No. 44, Alberta, Canada.

View

 
 

Infrastructure Policy Group (2014). Carlsbad Trickle Feed System Capacity Assessment. Ottawa:

View

 
 

Irwin S (2018). Development of A Feasibility Framework For Trickle Fill Water Distribution Projects (Unpublished report). University of Calgary, Calgary, AB.

View

 
 

Janzen A, Achari G, Dore MH, Langford C (2017). Projecting Financial Capability in Small Canadian Drinking Water Treatment Systems. Journal AWWA 109:10: E440 
Crossref

 
 

Janzen A, Achari G, Dore MH, Langford CH (2016). Cost Recovery and Affordability in Small Drinking Water Treatment Plants in Alberta, Canada. Journal AWWA 108:5:E290. 
Crossref

 
 

Langford M, Daviau JL, Zhu DZ (2012). Design of a centralized regional water distribution system: a case study in the County of Paintearth No. 18, Alberta, Canada. Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering 39(7):801+. 
Crossref

 
 

Lansdowne Estates (2016). Annual report, 2016. Alberta, Canada. Retrieved from Alberta Environment and Parks.

 
 

MPE Engineering Ltd (2005). Regional Water Services Feasibility Study Update 2005 for County of Newell (1760-004-00). County of Newell No. 4.

 
 

MPE Engineering Ltd (2013). Conrich Transmission Main and Feed Main Operation and Maintenance Manual. Rocky View County, Alberta.

 
 

NEB (2017). Canada's Renewable Power Landscape 2017 - Energy Market Analysis. 

 
 

Papa F, Radulj D, Karney B, Robertson M (2014). Pump energy efficiency field testing and benchmarking in Canada. Journal of Water Supply: Research and Technology-Aqua 63(7):570-577. 
Crossref

 
 

Rocky View County (2018). Master Rates Bylaw, [BYLAW C7751-2018].

View

 
 

Roulston J (2017). Regional Drinking Water Systems 2017 [map]. Calgary, Alberta, Canada: Alberta Environment and Parks, September 27, 2017.

 
 

Scott RE, Tipping J (2001). Piloting Trickle-Feed Distribution in Rural Africa. People and Systems for Water, Sanitation and Health. Lusaka, Zambia: 
Crossref

 
 

Statistics Canada. (2017a). Alberta [Province] and Canada [Country] (table). Census Profile. 2016 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-316-X2016001. Ottawa. Released November 29, 2017.

View

 
 

Statistics Canada (2017b). Households and the Environment Survey: Energy use, 2015. The Daily.

View

 
 

Statistics Canada (2011). Residential water use.

View

 
 

University of Saskatchewan, SK Association for Rural Water Pipelines and PFRA, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (2002). Rural Pipeline Flow and Water Quality Study.

View