ISABB Journal of
Food and Agricultural Sciences

  • Abbreviation: ISABB. J. Food and Agric. Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1937-3244
  • DOI: 10.5897/ISABB-JFAS
  • Start Year: 2011
  • Published Articles: 38

Article in Press

Effect of Storage Container and storage period on Germination of Stored Grain Maize in West Shawa, Bako, Ethiopia

Negasa F., Solomon A. and Girma D.

  •  Received: 29 October 2019
  •  Accepted: 17 December 2019
The experiment was conducted between December 2017 and May 2018 at Bako, Ethiopia to study the effects of storage container on germination of stored maize grain in the laboratory. The experiment was replicated three times in 3x4factorial designs. The treatments were three storage types (Gombisa, sack and Hermetic bag), one variety of maize (Bako hybrid-661) and seven storage periods (0, 1, 2,3, 4,5,and 6) months. The collected data were analyzed statistically using Generalized Linear Model (GLM) procedure of SAS and means that were significantly different were separated using Least Significant Difference (LSD). The result showed significant different (P<0.05) among the storage containers on germination. The values for initial loading were 98.0% and subsequently reduced 78.9%in the end of 6 months. Initially, the highest 98.0% germination was recorded and reduced significantly (p<0.05) to 72.0 76.0 and 88.6% for Gombisa, Sack and Hermetic respectively. Hermetic bag kept significantly higher germination percentage with 94.2 % at six6 months in storage, respectively as compared to the rest of the two storage containers. From this study, it can be concluded that there was difference among storage containers in respect to germination. Also, Hermetic bag showed better result with higher germination throughout the storage periods.

Keywords: Germination, storage container, hermetic, grain damaged, maize