With a keen interest to combat food insecurity in Ethiopia and Africa at large, College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Jimma University Jimma, Ethiopia has made efforts to study the utilization and production of new bean varieties with desirable characteristics such as high nutritional importance, high yield, and disease resistance. To determine the proximate composition of the thirteen accessions of Lima Bean found in Ethiopia. Thirteen new Lima bean (Phaseolus lunatus) accessions were collected in various parts of Ethiopia namely LB 001, LB 002, LB 003, LB 004, LB 005, LB 006, LB 012 collected from Western Wellaga, LB 007, LB 008, LB 009, LB 010 collected from Northern Wellage, and EBC 2111481 collected from Ethiopia Biodiversity Centre. Their proximate properties were determined using standard procedures. The results indicated that crude protein content ranges between 17.44 – 22.89 %; crude fat 1.30 – 1.87 %; crude fibre 5.45 – 8.66 %; ash 3.36 – 5.00 %; moisture 13.73 – 14.78 %; carbohydrate 49.78 – 54.34 % and the energy55.92 – 28.91 kcal/100 g. The study revealed that lima beans are highly proteinous and can be used in various food applications and it can be used as an alternative to animal protein that is increasingly expensive thus bring a solution to the problem of hunger and malnutrition in the third world countries.
Keywords: Global Production, Malnutrition, Proximate Composition, Underutilised Crop, Wild Germplasm