Journal of
Agricultural Extension and Rural Development

  • Abbreviation: J. Agric. Ext. Rural Dev
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2170
  • DOI: 10.5897/JAERD
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 440

Full Length Research Paper

Farming methods and the livelihood outcomes of women in Eastern Uganda

Flavia Amayo
  • Flavia Amayo
  • Department of Development Studies, College of Humanities and Social Sciences, Makerere University, P. O. Box 7062, Kampala, Uganda.
  • Google Scholar
Irene L. Akidi
  • Irene L. Akidi
  • Department of Rural Development and Agribusiness, Faculty of Agriculture and Environment, Gulu University, Uganda.
  • Google Scholar
Robert Senath Esuruku
  • Robert Senath Esuruku
  • Department of Development Studies, College of Humanities and Social Sciences, Makerere University, P. O. Box 7062, Kampala, Uganda.
  • Google Scholar
Phyllis Brenda Kaptui
  • Phyllis Brenda Kaptui
  • Kabyewa United Coffee Farmers’ Cooperative Society (KUCOFAS), P. O. Box 290 Kpachorwa, Uganda.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 26 May 2021
  •  Accepted: 30 July 2021
  •  Published: 31 August 2021

Abstract

Farming methods are closely linked to the livelihood outcomes of women. The techniques of farming and the manner in which they are applied affects realization of livelihood outcomes. Even though rural women aim at attaining positive outcomes, their efforts are jeopardized by poor farming practices. This situation is exacerbated by gender disparities in knowledge and skills, inadequate access to productive resources and power relations. The current study aims to understand what kinds of farming methods women use and their contribution to livelihood outcomes. Using qualitative interview and survey as an auxiliary method, it was discovered that women predominantly use traditional farming techniques such as intercropping, crop rotation, cover cropping and integrated animal-crop farming. The major hindrances to the gainful use of these methods are knowledge gaps and resource disparities. Most women still grapple with low incomes, starvation, diet deficiencies, inability to access medical care and clothing. They are also vulnerable to climate shocks and stresses. The study concludes that the farming methods have inadequately enhanced income, food security, wellbeing and resilience to shocks and stresses. It recommends that agricultural extension services such as training programmes should consciously target equipping women with knowledge and skills on how to use the traditional and modern methods of farming and support them to access productive resources.

Key words: Farming methods, livelihood outcomes, women, Eastern Uganda.