Journal of
Agricultural Extension and Rural Development

  • Abbreviation: J. Agric. Ext. Rural Dev
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2170
  • DOI: 10.5897/JAERD
  • Start Year: 2009

JAERD Articles in press

On-farm Participatory Varieties Selection of Maize versus Plant Populations: The Role of Gender in Technology Preferences and Maize Production Practices in Western Oromia, Ethiopia

Article in Press

The main objective of the trial was to select best bet maize technologies through on-farm participatory evaluation of three maize varieties (BH661, BH546, and BH540) in combination with two different plant populations (44,444 plants ha-1 and 66666 plants ha-1), which was run on fifteen farmers’ plots in four districts. According to farmers’ selection, BH661variety was the most disease tolerant at all testing sites and it...

Author(s):Zerihun Abebe, Alemayehu Dabasa, Adane Arega and Getachew Birru, Dagnachew Lule

The perception of extension agents on factors influencing new technology adoption and innovation by small-scale resource-constrained farmers

Article in Press

This study was conducted in Lower Gweru Communal area of Zimbabwe to determine the perceptions of extension agents on factors affecting small-scale resource-constrained farmers’ technology adoption and innovation processes. The effects of extension agents’ working conditions on the quality of service delivery to farmers were also investigated. Data were collected by means of semi-structured interviews conducted with all...

Author(s):Tirivashe Phillip Masere and Steven Worth

Modernizing extension services to improve rice productivity: Lessons from Ghana’s Planting for Food and Jobs program

Article in Press

The Government of Ghana introduced Planting for Food and Jobs (PFJ) program in 2017 to help raise farm productivity, improve food security, create jobs and modernize agriculture. Among the core pillars of PFJ program include the provision of modernized extension service to farmers. This study analyzed the productivity difference between beneficiaries and non-beneficiaries of the modernized extension service among rice...

Author(s):Augustine T. Zoogah, Tekuni Nakuja

Transportation inefficiencies in the cocoa value chains in Ivory Coast: Is sustainability possible?

Article in Press

The purpose of this investigation is to examine transportation inefficiencies and the sustainability of cocoa value chains in Ivory Coast. Problems addressed include unidentified major actors, types of transportation and how it is measured, and lastly, improving efficiency in transportation with respect to society, costs and greenhouse gas emissions. A mixed method methodology is followed in which qualitative and...

Author(s):Ingrid Fromm, Simeon Human

Perception of Farmers’ on Soil Fertility Problems and Replenishment Technologies in the North Rift Region of Kenya.

Article in Press

This paper investigates the farmers’ perception on soil fertility replenishment technologies in the North Rift Region of Kenya. A survey was conducted in Trans Nzoia and Uasin Gishu counties of the North Rift Region of Kenya. A total of 108 respondents were interviewed. A two stage random sampling technique was employed in the study. In the first stage, farmer groups growing maize as the main crop were selected. The second...

Author(s):Margaret A. Osundwa, Earnest Saina, Caleb Othieno

Diversifying Income Generation Progression Opportunities for Small-scale Rural Farmers in Kano State: the Impact of Fadama III Project

Article in Press

This analysis evaluates the effect of FADAMA III undertakings on the recipients' income nexus in Kano State. A survey of 500 respondents was made utilizing stratified sampling method and the information was gathered utilizing organized poll between June and September 2019. Statistical analysis including tables and diagrams were utilized for analyzing the results. The discoveries that over 70% of the recipients have had...

Author(s):Nura Ali and Shafa’atu Bello Habib

Legal Claims Traditional Rules and Regulations in Effectiveness and Fairness of Water Resources Management for Local Social Communities in the Chi River Basin in Thailand

Article in Press

Using the participatory action research methodology (IPAR) method, the input and knowledge of different stakeholder groups is an ongoing process to establish best water user practices to allocate limited resources. Ongoing studies are being held for barrier and flood prevention solutions, integration of competing water user sectors, and evaluation of customary practices and rules. The establishments of updated regulations...

Author(s):Prasit Prakongsri and Toansakul Tony Santiboon

Survey on the challenges and opportunities of Small-scale poultry farming in Nekemte City of Eastern Wollega, Ethiopia

Article in Press

The survey was conducted to assess the challenges and opportunities of small-scale extensive/backyard and semi-intensive poultry farming in Nekemte city of East Wollega Zone Oromia regional state, Ethiopia. The study population was voluntary individuals who are practicing poultry farming in the city. Data were collected using pre-tested structured questionnaires and analyzed by descriptive statistics using SPSS version 16....

Author(s):Sultan Abda Neja and Mezene Woyessa Bussa

Institutional challenges in smallholders’ commercialization: The Case of Mieso and Gumbi-Bordode Districts of West Hararghe Zone, Oromia National Regional State, Ethiopia

Article in Press

Commercial transformation of subsistence farming is crucial pathway towards economic growth more specifically smallholders’ commercialization. The major objective of this study was identify institutional challenges in smallholders’ commercialization in Mieso and Gumbi-Bordode districts of West Hararghe Zone, Oromia National Regional State, Ethiopia. Principal component analysis of multivariate data reduction technique was...

Author(s):Kiniso Aman, Fekadu Beyene, Jema Haji, Jemal Yousuf

Survey on Indigenous Knowledge of Farmers in Identifying Enset Varieties at Labu Koromo Kebele in Dore Woreda, Sidama Zone

Article in Press

Enset is a multipurpose of which every part is thoroughly utilized, cultivated, as a food and crop only in Ethiopia, particularly in the southern and southwestern parts of the country with the main objective of this research is to assess the indigenous knowledge of farmers for identifying the different enset varieties grown in Labu Koromo kebele, Dore woreda. The data were collected using open and close ended...

Author(s):Tiruha Karssa and Huwatu Darebo

Utilization of extension services and performance of hybrid sweet potato projects in Kenya: a case of Njoro sub-county, Nakuru County

Article in Press

This study sought to establish the influence of utilization of extension services on performance of hybrid sweet potato projects in Kenya: A case of Njoro Sub-County, Nakuru County. The study was grounded on the theory of collective action. The philosophical underpinning of this study was pragmatism where a mixed method approach was used in a descriptive survey study design. The target population of this study was a sample...

Author(s):Duncan Mwaniki Taiti, Angeline Mulwa, Naomi Gikonyo

Socioeconomic and demographic predictors for adoption of new sugarcane varieties in Nandi County, Kenya

Article in Press

Despite there being high demand for sugarcane products globally, low yielding varieties in Kenya persist. A study was conducted in Nandi, Kenya to assess age, level of education, gender, level of awareness, price of produce & cost of changing to new varieties, perception of risks, planting materials and scale of farm operations as predictors of adoption for new sugarcane varieties. Purposive and multistage sampling...

Author(s):Joseph Kipkorir Cheruiyot

Assessment of Market Participation and Market Orientation of Smallholder teff Producers in Jamma District, South Wollo Zone, Ethiopia

Article in Press

Selling of staple food crop is the most common method of earning cash income in Ethiopia. Among the staple crops, teff (Eragrostis teff) has become the essential source of income for farmers and market oriented crop in the country. But there is scanty of literature and no study has been conducted in the study area on this topic. Hence, this study was initiated with the aim of assessing the level of teff supplied to the...

Author(s):Getachew Eshetu, Tesfaye Lemma

Effects of socio-economic characteristics on training needs of cocoa farmers on good agricultural practices in Ondo State, Nigeria

Article in Press

The effects of socio-economic characteristics of cocoa farmers on training needs on Good Agricultural Practices is the focus of this study. The study was conducted in Ondo state, South-Western Nigeria. A total of 294 cocoa farmers were the sample size of the study, these were selected through a multi-stage sampling procedure. Information were gathered from the respondents through pretested and validated interview schedule....

Author(s):Abiodun Oladele Akinmolafe, Adedayo Olufemi Ajayi

Estimation of Executive Extension Needs of Rural Women in The Field of Rationalizing Food Consumption Using Broach's

Article in Press

Empowering rural women and girls is not only a fundamental need for agricultural development but also one of the most prominent components of social and economic progress and sustainable development in general. Search data gathered through the questionnaire, the interview with 120 properly addressed, after compiling the data are encoded and discharged and scheduling to fit the statistical analysis methods used, and used...

Author(s):Jasim Mohammed Saleh, and Adel Ibrahim Alhamoly

Income shocks and child labor: evidence for the rural Dominican Republic

Article in Press

Child labor is a social problem with economic consequences for the growth and development of countries in the short and long term, affecting children's physical and mental development because it interferes with their future wages. This article aims to assess how negative income shocks and economic assets are associated with child labor in the Dominican Republic. This issue is particularly important in the rural area, which...

Author(s):Eva Rodríguez Cuevas and Lorena Vieira Costa

Rural Households’ Food Security Status and Coping Strategies for Seasonal Food Shortage: The Case of South Achefer Woreda, North Western Ethiopia

Article in Press

The aim of this study was to assess rural households’ food security status, its determinants and food insecurity coping strategies practiced by rural households in South Achefer woreda, North Western Ethiopia. A three stage sampling method was employed to select sample households. First, the woreda was stratified based on agro ecology in to three; in the second stage four kebeles out of 18 were randomly selected. Finally,...

Author(s):Metadel Fekad Malede, Tesfaye Lemma and Girma Teshome

Does Adoption of Sustainable Land Management Practices Payoff? Empirical Evidence from Bassonaworana District, Ethiopia

Article in Press

The study estimates a multinomial endogenous switching regression model of adoption of sustainable land management practices (SLMPs) and their impacts on crop income by applying a counterfactual analysis using a cross-sectional survey of 354 farm households and 1305 plots from Basonaworana district, Ethiopia. The results come up with four major findings. First, implementations of SLMPs either in combination or standalone...

Author(s):Kidane Tafa Teka, Bamlaku Alamriew Alemu and Aklilu Amsalu Taye

Evaluating Nationally Released Tef Varieties for Yield and Yield Related Traits in North Western Tigray, North Ethiopia, 2018

Article in Press

Currently tef (Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) Totter) is becoming the most preferred crop both for consumption and market value. However, its production and productivity is still very low due to traditional agronomic practices, nutrient deficiencies, and lack of improved varities and susceptibility of the crop to lodging. The current trial was carried out during 2017 and 2018 cropping seasons in Medebay zana district’s onstation...

Author(s):Hailegebrial K., Chekole N., Redae W., and W/gerima G.

Land Degradation and Possible Mitigation Measures in Ethiopia: A Review

Article in Press

Land degradation is considered to be an important topic of the 21st century, which is associated with the decline in soil fertility has become a serious threat to agricultural productivity in Sub-Saharan Africa. Land degradation is widely recognized as reducing agricultural potential and continuing food insecurity and rural poverty. The economy of Ethiopia is mainly based on agriculture; Ethiopia has experienced...

Author(s):Belay Asnake

Challenges and Opportunities of Information and Communication Technologies for Dissemination of Agricultural Information in Ethiopia

Article in Press

This review paper analyzes the challenge and opportunities of information and communication technology for dissemination of agricultural information in Ethiopia. Understanding the challenges and opportunities of information and communication technologies enables to solve the problem of information problem to smallholder farmers through implementing ICT- related agricultural extension system. The data that are collected,...

Author(s):Abebaw Abebe

On Farm Evaluation of Breeding Practices, Productive and Reproductive Performance of Dairy Cows in Gimbi District, West Wollega Zone, Oromia, Ethiopia

Article in Press

The study was aimed with on farm evaluation of breeding practices, productive and reproductive performance of dairy cows at Gimbi district, West Wollega Zone from four representative kebeles by selecting a total of 120 households who involved in dairy cows production. The data were collected by household survey, personal observation, focus group discussion and key informant interview like methods and seasons of breeding,...

Author(s):Amanuel Bekuma

The status of forest beekeeping and its challenge in Benishangul Gumuz regional state, Ethiopia

Article in Press

In the region concerning on the status of forest beekeeping production system their is no enough information. The objective of the study was to assess the status of forest beekeeping and related challenge faced by the beekeepers in three district of Benishangul Gumuz. Through systematic random sampling method 167 households were selected and data collected through structured interview schedule. The collected data were...

Author(s):Alayu Tarekegn

Factors Influencing Adoption of Improved Maize Seed Varieties among Smallholder Farmers in Kaduna State, Nigeria

Article in Press

This study ascertained factors influencing adoption of improved maize seed varieties in three local government areas of Kaduna State, North-central Nigeria. It collected cross-sectional data for a sample of 180 randomly selected farming households across three local government areas of the State in 2015/16. Both descriptive and inferential analyses were performed on the data. The descriptive statistics differentiated...

Author(s):Oluwatoyin Bukola Chete

An empirical investigation into the existence of economically sustainable alternatives and livelihoods to tobaco growing in Maracha District in Uganda

Article in Press

The general objective of the study was to identify the possible viable alternative livelihoods to tobacco growing. The secondary objectives were to investigate the impacts of tobacco growing in Maracha District, and to find out why farmers in Maracha District are heavily reliant on tobacco growing. A case study research strategy was employed in which data were collected using questionnaires and interviews from 164...

Author(s):John Baptist Kowa, Aziz Wakibi and Muse ma Tairi

Improvement on the livelihood of small holder farmers through scaling up improved Chickpea varieties with its production package in Vertisols areas of North Shewa

Article in Press

Chickpea (Cicer arietinum) is an ancient crop that belongs to the legume family. It is a high-value pulse crop that is adapted to deep black soils in cool semi-arid areas of tropics, sub-tropics as well as temperate area. These activities were conducted in the vertisols areas of North shewa Amhara Region of Ethiopia with the objectives of increasing farmers’ capacity in production and yield of chickpea for both seed and...

Author(s):Dejene Mamo, Teklemariam Ayele, Abiro Tigabie, Amsalu Abie and Ngussie Kefelegn

Risk attitudes of Tanzanian farmers affect investment on inorganic fertilizer: evidence from Southern and Northern highlands of Tanzania

Article in Press

The study aims at studying the influence of risk attitudes on the investment of inorganic fertilizers to maize farmers in Tanzania. A survey, focus group discussion and risk game with pay offs were performed to maize farmers in 25 maize growing districts of Southern and Northern highlands of Tanzania. Cross sectional data on farmers’ and farms’ characteristics, risk attitudes from an Agronomic Panel Survey (APS) of...

Author(s):Violeth J. Mwaijande, K. E. Giller, A.G.T. Schut, J. Chamberlin, A. Mushongi

Needs of Agricultural Information to Smallholder Farmers of Tanqa Abergelle Woreda, Central Zone of Tigray, Ethiopia

Article in Press

The purpose of this research is to reveal the agricultural information need of the Abergelle woreda smallholder farmers. In this information era, information needs of smallholder farmers’ change with their geographical location, economic, demographic, psychological and institutional factors. From the 19 rural kebeles of the woreda 5 kebele were randomly selected. The sample size was specified based on Yamane (1967) formula...

Author(s):Gebru Brhane, Yared Mammo, and Gebremichael Negusse

Performance Evaluation and Demonstration of Hand Operated Decker Type Maize Sheller to Small Scale Farmers, Tigray, Ethiopia

Article in Press

Deck type hand operated Maize Sheller is one of the technologies in maize production which is adopted and modified to solve labor and time efficiency, prevent seed losses and keep the intended quality of seed. Decker type manual operated maize sheller was evaluated and, verified. The overall objective of the project is to demonstrate simple /easy, effective, efficient and affordable Hand operated Decker type maize Sheller....

Author(s):Taddesse Tesfamariam

On-farm Participatory Varieties Selection of Maize versus Plant Populations: The Role of Gender in Technology Preferences and Maize Production Practices in Four Districts of Western Oromia, Ethiopia

Article in Press

The main objective of the trial was to select best bet maize technologies through on-farm participatory evaluations of three maize varieties (BH661, BH546, and BH540) in combination with two different plant populations (44,444 plants ha-1 and 66666 plants ha-1), which was run on fifteen farmers’ plots in four districts. According to farmers’ selection, BH661variety was the most disease tolerant at all testing sites and it...

Author(s):Zerihun Abebe


Article in Press

This study was conducted in Wogera District, North Gondar zone, Ethiopia. The study was conducted to assess determinants of Eucalyptus woodlot management. The objectives of this study were; i) to investigate rationales of farmers and productivity effects of using the management practices in the study area and ii) To examine factors affecting farmers decision of adopting different woodlot management practices. To achieve...

Author(s):Abebe Dagnew

Determinants and Intensity of Income Diversification among Small holder Farmers in Asayita Woreda, Afar Region, Ethiopia

Article in Press

This paper examines measuring the intensity of income diversification and identifying the factors which determine level of income diversification in Asayita woreda Eastern part of Afar region. The study used multi stage sampling in combination with stratified and simple random sampling procedures to select kebeles and households. The Simpson Index of Diversity (SID) and Fractional response model were employed to analyze...

Author(s):Mohammd Adem

Access to Agricultural Technology Alternatives and Household Food Security Resilience

Article in Press

Agriculture is the main livelihood source for rural population in Ethiopia. However, the sector is blamed for its dismal performance resulted from low level of agricultural technology utilization. To redress this bottleneck, agricultural technology alternatives were promoted to solve the long-term problem of food insecurity. Although the program has supported the introduction and use of different agricultural technologies,...

Author(s):Degsew Melak

Factors influencing adoption of mirte fuel efficient injera baking stoves: the case of Agarfa District, Oromia Region, Ethiopia

Article in Press

The national energy balance indicates that traditional fuels (wood, charcoal, agricultural residues and animal waste) meet 94% of the total energy supplied and that the household sector accounts for 90% of the total energy consumed in the country. The vast majority of Ethiopian households depend on the open fire stoves with very poor fuel efficiency. Due to the shortage of firewood in Ethiopian communities, baking injera...

Author(s):Biruk Fikadu Gebreyess

Rural Innovation Services in Gomma Woreda, Southwest Ethiopia

Article in Press

The mobile phone technology is an important tool to enhance farmers’ to access better marketing services, agricultural extension services, health extension services and other mobile services. This study also tried to assess rural households’ mobile phone usage status for different rural innovation services in Gomma woreda, Southwest Ethiopia. Structured interview schedule, focus group discussion, key informant interview...

Author(s):Berhanu Daniso

For whom will the crop be promoted? A search for gender equity along the grain-legume value chains in Uganda

Article in Press

There is growing interest in gender analysis and value chain analysis as tools for ensuring equitable participation in agricultural commodity markets. This study examined the gender factors that influence the patterns and levels of participation by women and men in grain value chains in Uganda. Data were collected from six districts in three regions of Uganda using qualitative gender tools. Findings show that marked...

Author(s):John James Okiror

Constraints of Mobile Phone Utilization for Rural Innovation Services in Gomma District, Southwest Ethiopia

Article in Press

Mobile phone can promote rural innovation services for rural farmers. Ethiopia, one of the lowest Information Communication Technology penetrated countries in Africa, had around 25 million mobile subscribers (i.e. 20% of the total population). Unreliable power supply and poor rural network connections are factors affecting mobile phone utilization for rural innovation services. This study aimed to analyze the constraints...

Author(s):Berhanu Daniso

Stingless bees honey production and marketing practices in West Shoa Zone

Article in Press

The study was conducted in four districts of West Showa Zone, Oromia Regional State of Ethiopia. The objective was to assess the stingless bees’ production system and marketing to identify the potential areas for intervention and improve the production of stingless bees honey and other products.12 peasant associations were purposively selected. Totally 120 households were selected based on the availability of stingless...

Author(s):Chala Kinati

Gender Analysis of the Intensity of Pesticide Usage among Cocoa Farmers in Ekiti State, Nigeria

Article in Press

The study area was Ekiti State due to her predominance in cocoa production. The study examined the intensity of pesticide usage among male and female cocoa farmers. A total of 240 male and female cocoa farmers were selected in five Local Government Areas of the State through multi stage sampling technique. Data from the survey were analysed with descriptive and appropriate inferential statistics. Results show that male...

Author(s):OLOWOYO Olamide Ahmed

Potential for introduction of e-extension in Lesotho

Article in Press

The study aimed to investigate the potential for introducing e-extension in Lesotho by looking to know the level of awareness of agricultural extension practitioners regarding ICT opportunities and advances in enhancing extension delivery, access, to and use of ICT resources by extension practitioners, agricultural extension practitioners knowledge and experience in ICT and level of readiness by extension practitioners to...

Author(s):AMOJAKI R

Use of Audio Visual Aids by Extension Agents in Rivers State, Nigeria

Article in Press

The studied examined the use of audio visual aids by extension agents in teaching rural farmers in Rivers state. The study specifically described the socio-economic characteristics of extension agents, determined the perceived extent to the use of audio visual aids and the problems encountered. Twenty-five ADP extension agents were sampled. Data analysis and measurement was done using descriptive statistics. The results...

Author(s):Nengi Legbosi

Exploring the Challenges and Opportunities of Women’s in Non –farm Livelihood Diversification: A Case study from Shebel Berenta Woreda, Amhara Region, Ethiopia

Article in Press

It is universally accepted that agriculture sector is incapable of creating sufficient gainful employment, food security and spurring economic growth in rural areas of developing countries. Even if our country Ethiopia practice agriculture for a long period, expected outcome is not attained on sustainable basis to the livelihood of the households and food insecurity until nowadays due to limited attention for the high...

Author(s):Eyayu Kasseye Bayu

Impact of Harvest and Post-Harvest Losses of Yams on the Socio-Economic Well-Being of Yam Farmers of the Benue Valley Region of Nigeria

Article in Press

The study assessed the impacts of yam post-harvest losses on the socio-economic wellbeing of yam farmers of the Benue Valley Region of Nigeria. The study examined factors influencing yam post-harvest losses among yam farmers of the Benue Valley, the impacts of yam post-harvest losses on the socio-economic wellbeing of yam farmers of Benue Valley and possible suggestions for controlling post-harvest losses of yam....

Author(s):Akpehe Godwin Aondongu

The Motives and Determinants of Livelihood Diversification? Evidence from Literatures in Rural Part of Ethiopia

Article in Press

Livelihood diversification becomes a norm in developing countries including Ethiopia. But, the motives for livelihood diversification vary according to the contexts, local settings and asset possessions of a household. Thus, the main aim of this study intends to assess the motives of rural household’s livelihood diversification in Ethiopia. The discussions were done based on systematically reviewed secondary data on...

Author(s):Yenesew Sewnet

Mapping the severity of utilization constraints of organic farming practices by arable crop farmers in Akwa Ibom state, Nigeria

Article in Press

The study mapped the severity of observed constraints faced by farmers in utilizing organic farming practices in Abak agricultural zone of Akwa Ibom State. It was a survey research that employed simple random sampling technique in the selection of respondents. Constraint to Utilization of Organic Farming Practices Scale, with Test-retest reliability and internal consistency coefficients of 0.63 and 0.78 respectively, was...

Author(s):Ekanem Jemimah Timothy

ICT in Greenhouse Farming: Smallholder Farmers Training Programme in Kenya

Article in Press

Increasing agricultural production is critical in reducing poverty as it boosts farmers’ income especially smallholder farmers who have limited resources to leverage in growing and marketing their produce. Greenhouse farming has been identified as a viable technology for smallholder farmers to venture in as it promises high returns from limited land resources and labour. With diminishing support from extension officers in...

Author(s):Martina Mutheu

Indigenous Methods and Practices Used by Farmers for Protecting their Stored Maize Grains from Insect Pests in Southern Ethiopia

Article in Press

A survey using face to face semi-structured interviews and farmer’s participatory discussion was administered to 360 and 504 farmers, respectively in major maize growing areas of Hadiya and Silte zones, for investigating indigenous methods and practices used by famers in protection of their maize grains against insect pests in the years 2013/2014 and 2015/2016. Survey results revealed that farmers used various methods of...

Author(s):Berhanu Hiruy and Emana Getu

Rural Households Food Security and Its Determinants: The Case of Assosa Zone, Western Ethiopia

Article in Press

This study analyzed rural households’ food security and its determinants in Assosa zone, western Ethiopia. The study used a primary data collected from 276 randomly selected households using interview schedule. In addition, focus group discussion (FGD) and key informants interview were also used to obtain a qualitative primary data. As to the method of data analysis, the study employed descriptive statistics (such as mean,...

Author(s):Seid Sani and Biruk Kemaw

Effect of pigeon-pea cropping mixture on farmers yield in Kaduna State, Nigeria

Article in Press

The paper examined the adoption of pigeon-pea cropping mixtures and its effect on farmers’ yield. One Hundred and sixty six (166) farmers were purposively selected for the study. Data were collected through the use of structured questionnaire. Information obtained was analyzed by means of descriptive (standard normal test). Results indicated the mean differences between adopters and non adopters to be 388.7 kg/ha, while...

Author(s):M. Y. Abdullahi, A. A. Banta, A. A. Wahab and H. M. Yakubu

Relationship between porter’s competitive forces and advantageous products manufactured by micro and small food enterprises in Kenya

Article in Press

The study examined the influence of the three of Porter’s competitive forces (buyers’ bargaining power, suppliers bargaining power and rivalry among existing competitors) on advantageous food products manufactured in Kenya. The study sampled 132 value-addition Micro and Small Enterprises (MSEs) using snowballing and fisher formula in Busia and Nairobi Counties, respectively. The Porter’s industry analysis model informed...

Author(s):Omillo Francis Okumu, Ng’ang’a Stephen Irura and Maina Faith

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