Journal of
Agricultural Extension and Rural Development

  • Abbreviation: J. Agric. Ext. Rural Dev
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2170
  • DOI: 10.5897/JAERD
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 393

Full Length Research Paper

Effectiveness of learning and experimentation approaches for farmers as a community based strategy for banana xanthomonas wilt management

William Tinzaara
  • William Tinzaara
  • Bioversity International, Kampala Offices, P. O. Box 24384, Kampala, Uganda.
  • Google Scholar
Fred Ssekiwoko
  • Fred Ssekiwoko
  • National Agricultural Research Organization, Bulindi Zonal Agricultural Research and Development Institute, P. O. Box 101, Hoima, Uganda.
  • Google Scholar
Enoch Kikulwe
  • Enoch Kikulwe
  • Bioversity International, Kampala Offices, P. O. Box 24384, Kampala, Uganda.
  • Google Scholar
Eldad Karamura
  • Eldad Karamura
  • Bioversity International, Kampala Offices, P. O. Box 24384, Kampala, Uganda.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 01 December 2018
  •  Accepted: 20 February 2019
  •  Published: 31 July 2019

Abstract

Banana Xanthomonas wilt (BXW) is a devastating disease for banana and enset in east, central and Horn of Africa since 1968. The disease has spread to all banana growing countries in the region in the last decade, causing yield losses of up to 80 to 100%. Several efforts have been undertaken to develop and implement technologies for BXW management and their effective deployment with varying successes. This paper presents a new participatory approach for managing BXW named Learning and Experimentation Approaches For Farmers (LEAFF) and describes how it was implemented, tested and evaluated among 220 farmers across two agroecological regions, central and South-western Uganda. Results showed that there was a general reduction in the number of infected plants, corresponding to 7% increase in productivity of banana among the LEAFF compared to the non LEAFF participating farmers. The findings suggested that scaling out LEAFF to different parts in the region can significantly contribute to effective and sustainable adoption of BXW management technologies, and in turn, can lead to  improved productivity and smallholder farmers’ livelihoods. 

Key words: Accountability group, community mobilization,  farmer record management information system (FARMIS), learning and experimentation approaches for farmers (LEAFF), Single Diseased Stem Removal (SDSR).