Full Length Research Paper
The average yield of finger millet is low in Ethiopia, specifically in Western Oromia due to different production constraints such as limited availability of improved varieties, lack of formal seed delivery system, and limited adoption of the available technologies. To this, BARC in collaboration with AGP-II conducted the pre-scale up and popularized full packaged improved finger millet varieties in cluster approach at East Wollega zone, Western Oromia, on 22 ha in 2019 rainy season. Three districts (Boneya Boshe, Wayu Tuka, and Gida Ayana) were selected and a total of 6 clusters were established. Pre-scaling up of the crop conducted on 22 ha of land and 78 farmers were included in the cluster. Finger millet seed, Gudatu variety was produced at Wayu Tuka district, Bako-09 was produced at Gida Ayana and Gute variety at Boneya Boshe district. Based on the attained yield, a total of 51.74 tons of improved seeds of finger millet varieties were obtained, of which 22.15 tons were Gute variety, 17.38 tons Gudetu, and the rest 12.21 tons were Bako-09. The average yield obtained from the Gute variety was 2.22 t ha-1 followed by Bako-09 variety (2.04 t ha-1) and the least for Gudetu variety (1.74 t ha-1). Overall, the varieties showed better performance than local cultivars produced by the majority of the farmers in terms of yield, disease tolerance and other traits. Therefore, scaling-out of the varieties with full production packages should be carried out in the area and for similar agro-ecological operations.
Key words: District, cluster-based, farmers’, finger millet, variety.
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