Journal of
Agricultural Extension and Rural Development

  • Abbreviation: J. Agric. Ext. Rural Dev
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2170
  • DOI: 10.5897/JAERD
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 452

Full Length Research Paper

Extension support for cassava (Manihot esculenta) production and processing in Nigeria: Effects on farm practice adoption

Oluchi L. Otubo
  • Oluchi L. Otubo
  • Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology, College of Agriculture, Auburn University, Alabama 36849-5406, USA.
  • Google Scholar
Joseph J. Molnar
  • Joseph J. Molnar
  • Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology, College of Agriculture, Auburn University, Alabama 36849-5406, USA.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 16 June 2021
  •  Accepted: 30 September 2021
  •  Published: 31 October 2021

Abstract

Cassava (Manihot esculenta) is an important regional food source, providing food and income to over 30 million farmers, processors, and traders in Nigeria. Extension programs support awareness and interest in new technologies; they facilitate the adoption and adaptation of new approaches to crop production, post-harvest processing, and marketing. Extension can be understood as an intermediary or catalyst in the dissemination of information to rural farmers.  This study analyzed the effect of cassava farmers’ exposure to extension on a broad measure of cassava technology adoption, while considering the influence of some individual and farm characteristics as control variables. Data were obtained from personal interviews with sample of 952 households conducted in southern Nigeria. Results show a relationship between extension exposure and technology adoption. Farmer-to-farmer interaction played the greatest role in diffusion of the technologies. Interactions with extension agents were low, suggesting that adoption of improved technologies could be enhanced by improved regular contact with extension information. The results underscore the importance of farmer-to-farmer interaction processes that often overshadow extension assistance in supporting and guiding the use of production technology.  The conclusions consider some implications for 21st century extension.

Key words: Extension exposure, technology adoption, cassava production.