Journal of
Agricultural Extension and Rural Development

  • Abbreviation: J. Agric. Ext. Rural Dev
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2170
  • DOI: 10.5897/JAERD
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 448

Full Length Research Paper

Farmer field school extension approach: A knowledge booster in Calabar Agricultural Zone, Cross River State, Nigeria

Ayi, N. A.
  • Ayi, N. A.
  • Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Cross River University of Technology, Cross River State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 16 December 2021
  •  Accepted: 01 February 2022
  •  Published: 31 May 2022


Adisa BO, Adeloye KA (2012). Analysis of Farmer Field School as an Extension Approach to Cocoa Production in Osun State, Nigeria. World Journal of Agricultural Sciences 8(4):421-428.


Aliyu FK (2016). Economic Evaluation of the National Programme on Food Security in Three Selected States on North-West, Nigeria. A PhD Thesis.


Anaeto FC, Asiabaka CC, Ani AO, Umunakwe PC, Ejiogu-Okereke EN (2017). Farmers' Perceived Effectiveness of Farmers Field School in Anambra State, Nigeria. International Journal of Agriculture and Earth Science 3(2):11-21.


Anandajayasekeram P, Mweri AM, Zishirir OJ, Odogola W, Mkuchu M, Phiri M (2001). Farmer Field Schools: Synthesis of Experiences and Lessons from FARMESA member Countries. Harare, Zimbabwe: FARMESA.



Asiabaka CC, Mwangi JG (2001). Strategies for effective Extension Services in Africa: Lessons from Kenya. Paper presented at the Association of Third World Scientists, Njoro, Kenya: Egerton University.



Berg VD (2014). IPM Farmer Field Schools. A Synthesis of 25 Impact Evaluations, Wageningen University online. 


Braun AR, Graham T (2000). Integrated Nutrient Management to Attain Sustainable Productivity Increase in East African Farming Systems, Kenya, Nairobi.



Braun A, Jiggins J, Röling N, Berg HVD, Snijders P (2006). A Global Survey and Review of Farmer Field School Experiences. Final Report, International Livestock Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya.



David D (2009). An assessment of the implementation of recent farmer field schools to improve vegetable production in Trinidad and Tobago. International Journal of Agriculture and Extension Education 16(2):7-19.


David S, Agordorku S, Bassanaga S, Couloud JY, Kumi MNA, Okuku I, Wandi D (2006). A guide for Conducting Farmer Field Schools on Cocoa Integrated Crop and Pest Management. Sustainable Tree Crop program. International Institute of Tropical Agriculture 102.


Dinpanah G, Mirdamadi M, Badragheh A, Sinaki JM, Aboeye F (2010). Analysis of Effect of Farmers' Field School Approach on Adoption of Biological Control on Rice Producer'' Characteristics in Iran. Agriculture and Environmental Science 7(3):247-254.


Ebewore SO (2013a). Participatory Nature of Farmer Field School Extension Approach as Compared with other Approaches in Edo and Ondo States, Nigeria. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare 3(1):1-14.


Ebewore SO (2013b). The Role of Farmer Field School Training in Improving Farmers' Knowledge of Selected Cocoa Cultivation Practices in Edo State, Nigeria. Journal of Natural Sciences Research 3(1):42-50.


Endalew BD (2009). Effectiveness of farmer field school in promoting coffee management practices: the case of Jimma and Sidama zone. Unpublished thesis, submitted to the department of Agricultural extension, Haramaya University.



Gallagher K (2005). Ecological Basis for low toxicity Integrated Pest Management (IPM). In Jules Pretty, The Pesticide Detox. 2005. Earthscan (2):18-21.


Huluka AT, Negatu W (2016). The Impacts of Farmer Field School Training on Knowledge and Farm Technology Adoption: Evidence from Smallholder Maize Farmers in Oromia, Ethiopia. Journal of Economics and Public Finance 2(1):1-21. 


Kenmore P (2002). A perspective on IPM. ILEIA Newsletter 13:4-8.


Khatam A, Muhammad S, Ashraf I (2014). Perceived Effect of Farmers Field School Approach on Capacity Building in Controlling Pre and Post-Harvest Losses. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology 16(4):759-765.


Lwala RJ, Elepu G, Hyuh TS (2016). Effect of Farmer Field School on Adoption of Improved Cotton Production Technologies in Eastern Uganda. Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Rural Development 4(4):419-428.


Manoj A, Vijayaragavan K (2014). Impact of Farmers' Field School on Farmer's Knowledge of Integrated Crop Management Practices in Paddy. Indian Research Journal of Extension Education 14(1):34-49.


Matata JBW, Okech AGO (1998). Promising and New Methods, Draft Report On New and Adapted Field Methods in Kenya. FARMESA.



NAERLS/ABU (2008). National Agricultural Extension Research and Liaison services, Ahmadu Bello University, Training Manual for Master Trainers on FFS. A publication of NAERLS/ABU.


Ongachi WO (2017). Effectiveness of video mediated learning and farmer field school on striga weed management among farmers of rachuonyo south sub-county, Kenya. Unpublished thesis submitted to the department of agricultural economics, University of Nairobi.


Percy R (2005). The contribution of transformative learning theory to the practice of participatory research and extension: Theoretical reflections. Agriculture and Human Values 2(22):127-136.


Pretty JN (2002). Agriculture: Reconnecting people, land and nature. London Earthscan Publications.



Reddy BH (2013). A study on the impact of Acharya Ranga Krishi Vigyan Kendra (ARKVK) in transfer of agricultural technology in Chittoor district of Andhra Pradesh, Ph.D. Thesis, School of Agriculture, IGNOU, New Delhi.



Rolling NG, Wagemakers MA (1998). A new practice: Facilitating sustainable agriculture. In: N. G. Rolling & M. A. Wagemakers (Eds.), Facilitating sustainable agriculture: Participatory learning and adaptive management in times of environmental uncertainty. Cambridge University Press pp. 3-22.


Roy D, Farouque MG, Rahman MZ (2013). Problem confrontation of the FFS farmers in participating farmer field school training session. Progress Agriculture 24(1 & 2):273-280.