Journal of
AIDS and HIV Research

  • Abbreviation: J. AIDS HIV Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2359
  • DOI: 10.5897/JAHR
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 283

Full Length Research Paper

Correlates of HIV prevalence among key population in Nigeria

Oluwatosin Adeoye
  • Oluwatosin Adeoye
  • Society for Family Health, Abuja, Nigeria.
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Kenneth Alau
  • Kenneth Alau
  • Society for Family Health, Abuja, Nigeria.
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Salome Chika-Igbokwe
  • Salome Chika-Igbokwe
  • Society for Family Health, Abuja, Nigeria.
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Paul Nwaogu
  • Paul Nwaogu
  • Society for Family Health, Abuja, Nigeria.
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Rosemary Adu
  • Rosemary Adu
  • Society for Family Health, Abuja, Nigeria.
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Roselyn Odeh
  • Roselyn Odeh
  • Society for Family Health, Abuja, Nigeria.
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Kucheli Wudiri
  • Kucheli Wudiri
  • APIN Public Health Initiatives, Abuja, Nigeria.
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Halima Momodu
  • Halima Momodu
  • Society for Family Health, Abuja, Nigeria.
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Aishatu Onota
  • Aishatu Onota
  • Society for Family Health, Abuja, Nigeria.
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Obed Nnamdi
  • Obed Nnamdi
  • Society for Family Health, Abuja, Nigeria.
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Patricia Igbene
  • Patricia Igbene
  • Society for Family Health, Abuja, Nigeria.
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Omokhudu Idogho
  • Omokhudu Idogho
  • Society for Family Health, Abuja, Nigeria.
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Jennifer Anyanti
  • Jennifer Anyanti
  • Society for Family Health, Abuja, Nigeria.
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Godpower Omoregie
  • Godpower Omoregie
  • Society for Family Health, Abuja, Nigeria.
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  •  Received: 23 June 2021
  •  Accepted: 23 August 2021
  •  Published: 30 September 2021

Abstract

There has been improvement in the control of HIV/AIDS in Nigeria. The 2018 national prevalence was 1.4%, a decline from previous surveys. The gains are however not uniform; a gap still exists in the response to key populations (KP) due to socio-cultural barriers and unfavourable legislative environment. The demographic correlates of HIV among KP in Nigeria were examined. Society for Family Health provided HIV Testing services for KP and data from the intervention between 2019 and 2020 was analysed using SPSS version 20. Total of 132,838 were tested, 88.4% were 20-39 years, 65.6% were females and 63.5% were female sex workers (FSW). HIV positive KP were 7,962 (6.0% prevalence), prevalence of HIV was high among those ≥40 years, KP identified as males and men who have sex with men (MSM; p<0.001). Old age (aOR=0.82, 95%CI=0.73 – 0.92), male KP (aOR=1.17, 95%CI=1.11 – 1.22), and MSM (aOR=0.64, 95%CI=0.61 – 0.67) were predictors of HIV positivity. Stakeholders should rethink priorities and strategies in addressing HIV epidemic in the country.

Key words: Key population, HIV testing services, HIV epidemic, female sex workers (FSW), men who have sex with men (MSM), global fund.