Journal of
Cell and Animal Biology

  • Abbreviation: J. Cell Anim. Biol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0867
  • DOI: 10.5897/JCAB
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 257

Full Length Research Paper

Characterization and anti-tumor effect of shark liver extraction

Yuqin Xi
  • Yuqin Xi
  • College of Life Sciences, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou, 730070. Gansu, China.
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Yunwang Zhao
  • Yunwang Zhao
  • College of Life Sciences, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou, 730070. Gansu, China.
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Chunyan Ren
  • Chunyan Ren
  • College of Life Sciences, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou, 730070. Gansu, China.
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  •  Received: 06 March 2016
  •  Accepted: 19 May 2016
  •  Published: 31 May 2016

Abstract

Shark liver oil (SLO) has been widely used as a food supplement to boost human immunity. The extraction method of shark liver oil is immature. In this study, four different extraction methods of shark liver oil were tried, the effect of the solid-liquid ratio, quality of the enzyme, reaction pH and temperature on SLO extraction rate have been discussed. Infrared spectroscopy, gas chromatography and high performance liquid chromatography was used to detect the main composition of SLO, and U14 tumor bearing mice were used to explore anti-tumor effect of SLO. Our results show that alkaline protease extraction method was the best with an extraction rate of 30.15%, and the solid-liquid ratio, quality of the enzyme, reaction pH and temperature was 1:2, 2% of the liver quality, 9, 3.5 h, 48°C respectively. Characteristic peak of alkoxy glycerol, squalene and vitamin A was presented in the IR spectra of SLO, the proportion of alkoxy glycerol, squalene content and vitamin was 35.3, 40.4 and 7.8% determined by gas chromatography (GC) and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The inhibition rate was 54.56.

Key words: Shark liver oil, extraction, characterization, gas chromatography, high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC).