Journal of
Cereals and Oilseeds

  • Abbreviation: J. Cereals Oilseeds
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-6591
  • DOI: 10.5897/JCO
  • Start Year: 2010
  • Published Articles: 88

Full Length Research Paper

Characterization of finger millet germplasm for mineral contents: Prospects for breeding

Ojulong Henry Fred
  • Ojulong Henry Fred
  • International Crop research Institute for Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), Box 776, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe.
  • Google Scholar
Patrick Sheunda
  • Patrick Sheunda
  • International Crop Research Institute for Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), Box 39063, Nairobi Kenya.
  • Google Scholar
Joseph Kibuka
  • Joseph Kibuka
  • International Crop Research Institute for Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), Box 39063, Nairobi Kenya.
  • Google Scholar
Anil Kumar
  • Anil Kumar
  • International Crop Research Institute for Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), Hyderabad, India
  • Google Scholar
Abhishek Rathore
  • Abhishek Rathore
  • International Crop Research Institute for Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), Hyderabad, India
  • Google Scholar
Eric Manyasa
  • Eric Manyasa
  • International Crop Research Institute for Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), Box 39063, Nairobi Kenya.
  • Google Scholar
Daniel Ajaku
  • Daniel Ajaku
  • International Crop Research Institute for Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), Box 39063, Nairobi Kenya.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 13 December 2020
  •  Accepted: 11 February 2021
  •  Published: 31 December 2021

References

Adekunle AA (2012). Agricultural innovation in sub-saharan Africa: experiences from multiple stakeholder approaches. Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa, Ghana. ISBN 978-99881. 8373-24.

 

Admassu S, Teamir M, Alemu D (2009). Chemical composition of local and improved finger millet (Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn) varieties grown in Ethiopia. Ethiopian. Journal of Health Science 19(1):1-8.

 
 

Antony U, Sripriya G, Chandra TS (1996). Effect of fermentation on the primary nutrients in finger millet (Eleusine coracana). Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry 44(9):2616-2618.
Crossref

 
 

Arsenault JE, Yakes EA, Hossain MB, Islam MM, Ahmed T, Hotz C, Lewis B (2010). The current high prevalence of dietary zinc inadequacy among children and women in rural Bangladesh could be substantially ameliorated by zinc biofortification of rice. Journal of Nutrition 140(9):1683-1690.
Crossref

 
 

Babu BV, Ramana T, Radhakrishnan TM (1987). Chemical composition and protein content in hybrid varieties of finger millet. Indian Journal of Agricultural Science 57(7):520-522.

 
 

Banziger M, Long J (2000). The potential for increasing the iron and zinc density of maize through plant breeding. Food and Nutrition Bulletin 21(4):397-400.
Crossref

 
 

Barbeau WE, K. Hilu W (1993). Protein, calcium, iron, and amino acid content of selected wild and domesticated cultivars of finger millet. Plant Foods for Human Nutrition 43(2):97-104. 
Crossref

 
 

Beebe S, Gonzalez A, Rengifo J (2000). Research on trace minerals in the common bean. Food and Nutrition Bulletin, 21(4):387-391.
Crossref

 
 

Bhatt A, Singh V, Shrotria PK, Baskheti DC (2003). Coarse Grains of Uttaranchal: Ensuring sustainable Food and Nutritional Security. Indian Farmer's Digest. pp. 34-38.

 
 

Bolland MJ, Avenell A, Baron JA, Grey A, MacLennan GS, Gamble GD (2010). Effect of calcium supplements on risk of myocardial infarction and cardiovascular events: meta-analysis. BMJ 341:c3691.
Crossref

 
 

Ceasar AS, Maharajan T, Ajeesh Krishna TP, Ramakrishnan M, Victor Roch G, Satish L, Ignacimuthu S (2018). Finger millet [Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn.] Improvement: current status and future interventions of whole genome sequence. Frontier in Plant Science 9:1054. 
Crossref

 
 

Cakmak I (2008). Enrichment of cereal grains with zinc: agronomic or genetic biofortification? Plant Soil 302(1):1-17.
Crossref

 
 

Cercamondi CI, Egli IM, Mithchikpe E, Tossou F, Zeder C, Hounhouigan JD (2013). Total iron absorption by young women from iron-biofortified pearl millet composite meals is double that from regular millet meals but less than that from post-harvest iron-fortified millet meals. The Journal of Nutrition 143(9):1376-1382. 
Crossref

 
 

Chethan S, Malleshi NG (2007). Finger millet poly phenols: characterization and their nutraceutical potential. American Journal of Food Technology 2:618-629.
Crossref

 
 

Dendy DAV (1993). Opportunities for non-traditional uses of the minor millets. In: Riley, K.W., Gupta, S.C., Seetharam, A., Mushonga, J.N. (Eds.), Advances in Small millets. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co., New Delhi, India. pp. 259- 270.

 
 

Dida MM, Wanyera N, Dunn MLH, Bennetzen JL, Devos KM (2008). Population structure and diversity in finger millet (Eleusine coracana) germplasm Tropical Plant Biology 1(2):131-141.
Crossref

 
 

Federer WT (1961). Augmented designs with one-way elimination of heterogeneity. Biometrics 17(3):447-473.
Crossref

 
 

Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) (2008). The state of food insecurity in the world: High food prices and food security - threats and opportunities. Rome, Italy.

 
 

Food and Agricultural Organisation/World Health Organisation (FAO/WHO) (2000). Preliminary report on recommended nutrient intakes. Joint FAO/WHO Expert Consultation on Human Vitamin and Mineral Requirements, FAO, Bangkok, Thailand, September 21-30, 1998, revised July 13, 2000. Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations Rome, Italy and World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.

 
 

Food and Agricultural Organisation/World Health Organisation (FAO/WHO) (2001). Human vitamin and mineral requirements, 2nd ed. Geneva, Switzerland.

 
 

Food and Agricultural Organisation/World Health Organisation (FAO/WHO) (2013). Biofortification: Evidence and lessons learned linking agriculture and nutrition. Geneva, Switzerland.

 
 

Fundora MZ, Hernandez M, Lopez R, Fernandez L, Sanchez A, Lopez J, Ravelo I (2004). Analysis of the variability in collected peanut (Arachis hypogea L.) cultivars for the establishment of core collections. Plant genetic Resources Newsletter 137:9-13.

 
 

Gibson RS, Hess SY, Hotz C, Brown K.H (2008). Indicators of zinc status at the population level: a review of the evidence. British Journal of Nutrition 99(Suppl. 3):S14-S23.
Crossref

 
 

Gopalan C, Rama Sastri BV, Balasubramanian SC (2002). Nutritive Value of Indian Foods. National Institute of Nutrition, Indian Council of Medical Research, Hyderabad, India.

 
 

Govindaraj M, Rai KN, Shanmugasundaram P, Dwivedi SL, Sahrawat KL, Muthaiah AR (2013). Combining ability and heterosis for grain iron and zinc densities in pearl millet. Crop Science 53(2): 505-517. 
Crossref

 
 

Graham RD, Senadhira D, Beebe S, Iglesias C, Monasterio I (1999). Breeding for micronutrient density in edible portions of staple food crops: conventional approaches. Field Crops Research 60(1-2):57-80.
Crossref

 
 

Graham RD, Welch RM, Saunders DA, Ortiz Monasterio I, Bouis HE, Bonierbale M, de Haan S, Burgos G, Thiele G, Liria R, Meisner CA, Beebe SE, Potts MJ, Kadian M, Hobbs PR, Gupta RK, Twomlow S (2007). Nutritious subsistence food systems. Advances in Agronomy 92:1-74.
Crossref

 
 

Gupta SM, Arora S, Mirza N, Pande A, Lata C, Puranik S (2017). Finger millet: a "certain" crop for an "uncertain" future and a solution to food insecurity and hidden hunger under stressful environments. Frontier in Plant Science 8:643. 
Crossref

 
 

Gupta SK, Velu G, Rai KN, Sumalini K (2009). Association of grain iron and zinc content with grain yield and other traits in pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R.Br.). Crop Improvement 36(2):4-7. 
Crossref

 
 

Hambidge MK, Bellad RM, Mahantshetti NS, Kodkany BS, Boy E, Westcott JE, Rai KN, Cherian B, Miller LV, Krebs NF (2013). Bioavailability of iron (Fe) and zinc (Zn) from Fe and Zn biofortified pearl millet. The FASEB Journal 
Crossref

 
 

HarvestPlus (2009). Breeding Crops for Better Nutrition: General Brochure. Washington, DC: HarvestPlus.

 
 

Hilu KW, de Wet JMJ (1976a). Domestication of Eleusine coracana. Economic Botany 30(3):199-208.
Crossref

 
 

Hilu KW, de Wet JMJ (1976b). Racial evolution of finger millet, Eleusine coracana. American Journal of Botany 63(10):1311-1318.
Crossref

 
 

Institute of Medicine (US) Committee to Review Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin D and Calcium (2011). Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium and Vitamin D. eds. Ross AC, Taylor CL, Yaktine AL, Del Valle HB. Washington DC: National Academies Press.

 
 

Iyengar KG, Doraisami LS, Iyengar RS (1945). Ragi (Eleusine coracana). Mysore Journal of Agricultural Sciences 24:33.

 
 

Jones DB (1941). Factors for converting percentages of nitrogen in foods and feeds into percentages of proteins. United States Department of Agriculture, Washington 183:1-22.

 
 

Kumar A, Metwal M, Kaur S, Gupta AK, Puranik S, Singh S, Singh M, Gupta S, Babu BK, Sood S, Yadav R (2018). Nutraceutical value of Finger millet (Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn.), and their improvement using omics approaches. Frontier in Plant Science 7:1-1447.
Crossref

 
 

Kumar AA, Reddy BVS, Sahrawat KL, Ramaiah B (2010). Combating micronutrient malnutrition: Identification of commercial sorghum cultivars with high grain iron and zinc. Journal of SAT Agricultural Research 8(1). (ejournal.icrisat.org)

 
 

Lee J, Nam DS, Kong C (2016). Variability in nutrient composition of cereal grains from different origins. SpringerPlus 5(1):419.
Crossref

 
 

Krishnaswamy K ( 2009). The problem of double burden of disease and its consequences-a brief overview. In: Programme and abstracts, Symposium on Nutritional Security for India-Issues and Way Forward, Indian National Science Academy, New Delhi, 3-4 August, pp. 5-6.

 
 

Malleshi NG, Klopfenstein CF (1998). Nutrient composition, amino acid and vita- min contents of malted sorghum, pearl millet, finger millet and their rootlets. International Journal of Food Science and Nutrition 49(6):415-422.
Crossref

 
 

Marimurthu R, Rajagopalan R (1995). Protein stability in ragi. Madras Journal 82(11):616-617.

 
 

Mushtari BJ (1998). Nutritive value of Ragi (Eleusine coracana Gaertn) before and after malting. Beverage Food World 25(5):38-42.

 
 

Mnyenyembe PH, Gupta SC (1998). Variability for grain yield and related traits in finger millet germplasm accessions from Malawi. Africa Crop Science Journal 6(3):317-322.
Crossref

 
 

Monasterio I, Graham RD (2000). Breeding for trace minerals in wheat. Food and Nutrition Bulletin 21(4):392-396.
Crossref

 
 

National Research Council (1996). Finger millet. pp. 39-58. In F.R. Ruskin (ed.) Lost Crops of Africa. Vol. I: Grains. National Academy Press, Washington, DC.

 
 

Ng'uni D, Geleta M, Johansson E, Fatih M, Bryngelsson T (2011). Characterization of the Southern African sorghum varieties for mineral contents: Prospects for breeding for grain mineral dense lines. African Journal of Food Science 5(7):436-445.

 
 

Nuss ET, Tanumihardjo SA (2010). Maize: A paramount staple crop in the context of global nutrition. Compressive Reviews on Food Science and Food Safety 9(4):417-436.
Crossref

 
 

Nuss ET, Tanumihardjo SA (2011). Quality protein maize for Africa: Closing the protein inadequacy gap in vulnerable populations. Advances in Nutrition 2(3):217-224.
Crossref

 
 

Obilana AB, Manyasa EO, Kibuka JG, Ajanga S (2002). Finger millet blast (fmb) samples collection in Kenya: Passport data, analyses of disease incidence and report of activities. ICRISAT, Nairobi, Kenya.

 
 

Oniang'o RK Mutuku JM Malaba SJ (2003). Contemporary African food habits and their nutritional and health implications. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition 12(3):231-236.

 
 

Panwar P, Nath M, Kumar V, Kumar A (2010). Comparative evaluation of genetic diversity using RAPD, SSR and cytochrome P450 gene based markers with respect to calcium content in finger millet (Eleusine coracana L. Gaertn). Journal of Genetics 89(2):121-133. 
Crossref

 
 

Pfeiffer WH, McClafferty B (2007). HarvestPlus: breeding crops for better nutrition. Crop Science 47:S88-S105.
Crossref

 
 

Prasad R (2010). Zinc biofortification of food grains in relation to food security and alleviation of zinc malnutrition. Current Science 98:1300-1304.

 
 

Qin Y, Melse-Boonstra A, Yuan B, Pan X, Dai Y, Zhou M, Wegmueller R, Zhao J, Kok FJ, Shi Z (2012). Zinc biofortification of rice in China: a simulation of zinc intake with different dietary patterns. Nutrients 4(6):517-28.
Crossref

 
 

Rai KN, Patil HT, Yadav OP, Govindaraj M, Khairwal IS, Cherian B (2014). Dhanashakti: a high-iron pearl millet variety. Indian Farming 64(7):32-34.

 
 

Rai KN, Velu G, Govindaraj M, Upadhyaya HD, Rao AS, Shivade H (2015). Iniadi pearl millet germplasm as a valuable genetic resource for high grain iron and zinc densities. Plant Genetic Resources 13(1):75-82.
Crossref

 
 

Rai KN, Yadav OP, Rajpurohit BS, Patil HT, Govindaraj M, Khairwal IS (2013). Breeding pearl millet cultivars for high iron density with zinc density as an associated trait. e-Journal of SAT Agricultural Research 11:1-7.

 
 

Rao PU (1994). Evaluation of protein quality of brown and white ragi (Eleusine coracana) before and after malting. Food Chemistry 51(4):433-436.
Crossref

 
 

Ravindran G (1991). Studies on millets: proximate composition, mineral composition, phytate, and oxalate contents. Food Chemistry 39(1):99107.
Crossref

 
 

Reddy Belum VS, Ramesh S, Longvah T (2005). Prospects of breeding for micronutrients and carotene-dense sorghums. e-Journal of SAT Agricultural Research 1(1):1-4.

 
 

Sahrawat KL, Ravi Kumar G, Rao JK (2002). Evaluation of triacid and dry ashing procedures for determining potassium, calcium, magnesium, iron, zinc, manganese and copper in plant materials. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 33(1-2):95-102.
Crossref

 
 

Samantaray GT, Samantaray BK (1997). X-ray Diffraction Study of Ragi (Eleusine coracana) Starch. Journal of Food Science and Technology 34(4):343-344.

 
 

Senthil N, Kumari A, Nirmala Joel A, Selvi B, Raveendran TS, Ramamoor-thy K, Ramanathan A (2005). Small Millets for Nutritional Security, first ed. Kalaiselvam Pathipagam, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India.

 
 

Sharma D, Jamra G, Singh UM, Sood S, Kumar A (2017). Calcium Biofortification: Three Pronged Molecular Approaches for Dissecting Complex Trait of Calcium Nutrition in Finger Millet (Eleusine coracana) for Devising Strategies of Enrichment of Food Crops. Frontiers in Plant Science 7:2028.
Crossref

 
 

Singh P, S. Srivastava O (2006). Nutritional composition of sixteen new varieties of finger millet. Journal of Community Mobilization and Sustainable Development 1(2):81-84.

 
 

Spark DN (1973). Euclidean cluster analysis. Algorithm As. 58. Applied Statistics 22:126-130.
Crossref

 
 

Sperotto RA, Boff T, Duarte GL, Santos LS, Grusak MA, Fett JP (2010). Identification of putative target genes to manipulate Fe and Zn concentrations in rice grains. Journal of Plant Physiology 167(17):1500-1506.
Crossref

 
 

Tanumihardjo SA, Palacios N, Pixley KV (2010). Provitamin A carotenoid bioavailability: What really matters? International Journal of Vitamins and Nutrition Research 80(4):336-350.
Crossref

 
 

Underwood RA (2000). Overcoming micronutrient deficiencies in developing countries: is there a role for agriculture?. Food and Nutrition Bulletin 21(4):356-360.
Crossref

 
 

Upadhyaya HD, Gowda CLL, Pundir RPS, Reddy VG, Singh S (2006). Development of core subset of finger millet germplasm using geographical origin and data on 14 quantitative traits. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 53(4):679-685.
Crossref

 
 

Upadhyaya HD, Gowda CLL, Reddy GV (2007a). Morphological diversity in finger millet germplasm introduced from southern and eastern Africa. Journal of SAT Agricultural Research 3(1):1-3.

 
 

Upadhyaya HD, Pundir RPS, Gowda CLL (2007b). Genetic resources diversity of finger millet-a global perspective. In: Mgonja, M.A., Lenne, J.M., Manyasa, E., Srinivasaprasad, S. (Eds.), Finger Millet Blast Management in East Africa. Creating Opportunities for Improving Production and Utilization of Finger Millet. Proceedings of the First International Finger Millet Stakeholder Workshop, Projects R8030 and R8445 UK Department for International Development-Crop Protection Programme, 13-14 September 2005, Nairobi. International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, Patancheru 502324, Andhra Pradesh, India pp. 90-101.

 
 

Upadhyaya HD, Ramesh S, Sharma S, Singh SK, Varshney SK, Sarma NDRK, Ravishankar CR, Narasimhuhu Y, Reddy VG, Sahrawat KL, Dhanalakshmi TN, Mgonja MA, Parzies HK, Gowda CLL, Singh S (2011). Genetic diversity for grain nutrient contents in a core collection of finger millet (Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn.) germplasm. Field Crops Research 121:42-52. 
Crossref

 
 

Upadhyaya HD, Reddy KN, Ahmed MI, Ramachandran S, Kumar V, Singh S (2016). Characterization and genetic potential of African pearl millet named landraces conserved at the ICRISAT genebank. Plant Genetic Resources 15(5):438-452.
Crossref

 
 

Upadhyaya HD, Sarma NDRK, Ravishankar CR, Albrecht T, Narasimhudu Y, Singh SK, Varshney SK, Reddy VG, Dwivedi SL, Wanyera N, Oduori COA, Mgonja MA, Kisandu DB, Parzies, HK, Gowda CLL ( 2010). Developing a mini-core collection in finger millet using multi-location data. Crop Science 50(5):1924-1931.
Crossref

 
 

Vadivoo AS, Joseph R, Garesan NM (1998). Genetic variability and calcium contents in finger millet (Eleusine coracana L.Gaertn) in relation to grain colour. Plant Foods and Human Nutrition. 52(4):353- 364.
Crossref

 
 

Velu G, Rai KN, Muralidharan V, Kulkarni VN, Longvah T, Raveendran TS (2007). Prospects of breeding biofortified pearl millet with high grain iron and zinc content. Plant Breeding 126(2):182-185. 
Crossref

 
 

Velu G, Rai KN, Muralidharan V, Longvah T, Crossa J (2011). Gene e?ects and heterosis for grain iron and zinc density in pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br). Euphytica. 180(2):251-259. 
Crossref

 
 

Welch RM, Graham RD (2004). Breeding for micronutrients in staple food crops from a human nutrition perspective. Journal of Experimental Botany 396(55):353-364.
Crossref