Journal of
Development and Agricultural Economics

  • Abbreviation: J. Dev. Agric. Econ.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9774
  • DOI: 10.5897/JDAE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 538

Full Length Research Paper

Household dietary diversity in rural households of Oromia Regional state, Ethiopia: A cross-sectional study

Dereje Derso
  • Dereje Derso
  • Center for Rural Development, College of Development Studies, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Degefa Tolossa
  • Degefa Tolossa
  • Center for Rural Development, College of Development Studies, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Abrham Seyoum
  • Abrham Seyoum
  • Center for Rural Development, College of Development Studies, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 16 June 2020
  •  Accepted: 14 August 2020
  •  Published: 31 October 2021

Abstract

Household dietary diversity (HDD) is an important nutrition outcome measuring the economic ability of a household to access a variety of foods during a determined period. This paper examines the determinants of HDD among wheat dominated rural households of Sinana District, Oromia Regional State. Multi stage sampling procedure was used to select 384 sample households. Data were collected using structured survey questionnaire, focus group discussions, and key informant interviews. Zero-truncated Poisson regression model was used to measure the determinants of HDD. The results show that almost all the respondents consumed food made from cereal and only 20.05, 10.16 and 7.29% of the household consumed egg, meat and fruits in previous seven days, respectively. On average household consumed 5.73 food groups. Further, the finding indicates that about 13.54, 50.52 and 35.94% of the participants were consumed low, medium and high dietary diversity level, respectively. Marital status, education level, participating in irrigation farming, membership of farmers cooperatives, farm size and Total Livestock Unit (TLU) positively affected HDD while distance to nearest market and remittances negatively influenced HDD. Therefore, stakeholders in the agricultural sector should promote and encourage crop diversification strategies, expand access to irrigation, introduce agricultural technologies to boost income of rural households and thus diversify their diet. 

Key words: Dietary diversity, determinants, rural households, Poisson regression.