Journal of
Development and Agricultural Economics

  • Abbreviation: J. Dev. Agric. Econ.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9774
  • DOI: 10.5897/JDAE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 549

Full Length Research Paper

Performance of integrated and single cooperatives in bulk production and credit provision to smallholder farmers in Uganda

Mercy Nimusiima
  • Mercy Nimusiima
  • Department of Agribusiness and Natural Resource Economics, Makerere University, P. O. Box 7062, Kampala, Uganda.
  • Google Scholar
Johnny Mugisha
  • Johnny Mugisha
  • Department of Extension and Innovation Studies, Makerere University, P. O. Box 7062, Kampala, Uganda
  • Google Scholar
Bernard Obaa
  • Bernard Obaa
  • Department of Agricultural Production, Makerere University, P.O Box 7062, Kampala, Uganda.
  • Google Scholar
Rolland Agaba
  • Rolland Agaba
  • Kachwekano Zonal Agricultural Research and Development Institute, National Agricultural Research Organisation (NARO). P. O. Box 421, Kabale, Uganda.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 16 December 2020
  •  Accepted: 06 April 2021
  •  Published: 31 July 2021


Agricultural cooperatives are autonomous associations of individuals formed to augment production, marketing and financial needs of members. In Uganda, performance of cooperatives is largely constrained by weak organizational structures, market failures, and policy weaknesses. An integrated cooperative model (ICM) was introduced to improve performance of cooperatives but the effect of ICM on institutional performance has not been evaluated. This study examined the effect of cooperative integration on bulk production and credit provision to smallholder farmers. A multi-stage sampling technique was employed to select 40 cooperatives for the study. Primary qualitative and secondary quantitative data were collected from 16 focus group discussions and cooperatives’ performance reports respectively. Data was analyzed using thematic content analysis, t-test and censored tobit regression model to assess performance of the studied cooperatives. The results showed that integrated cooperatives bulk larger proportions of produce and disburse bigger loan proportions than single cooperatives. Tobit model revealed that integration has a positive significant (p< 0.05) influence on cooperatives’ performance in bulk production and providing credit. In conclusion, the results demonstrate that adoption of ICM improves performance of cooperatives and benefits to small holder farmers. 

Keywords: Bulk production, credit provision, cooperatives, smallholder farmers