Full Length Research Paper
This study assessed the seasonal variation of microbiological, physicochemical and heavy metal analysis of water samples from Ayao Stream around a hospital waste dumpsite. Four samples were collected downstream and analyzed for microbial count, coliforms, pH, electrical conductivity, BOD5, alkalinity, total dissolved solids, water hardness, sulphate, nitrate, chloride and phosphate using standard method. Heavy metals (Fe, Mn, Cu, Zn, Cd and Pb) in the water were determined by Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry. Results obtained showed that the stream was greatly polluted with microbial and coliform count of 2.1 × 104 to 3.6 × 105 CFU/ml, 1.8 × 102 to 8.0 × 102 CFU/ml, and 1.1 × 103 to > 1.1 × 103 CFU/100 ml for bacteria, fungi and coliform count, respectively during both wet and dry season. The bacteria recovered from the samples included the antibiotic resistant Pseudomonas and Klebsiella. The mean values of pH (8.0 to 9.1) and BOD5 (17.2 to 26.3) were obtained during dry and wet season, respectively and were found to be beyond the acceptable limit in drinking water. This result established a relationship between the BOD5 and microbial load which indicate organic pollution through runoff input from the dumpsite into the stream. The concentration of Mn, Fe, Cu, Pb and Cd especially during rainy season was found to exceed the stipulated limit in drinking water. These metals could be bio accumulated to toxic level in aquatic organisms and end up in human through the food chain. This study shows that Ayao Stream is greatly polluted and unfit for domestic uses.
Key words: Dumpsite, heavy metal, microbial load, coliforms, hospital waste.
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