Journal of
Horticulture and Forestry

  • Abbreviation: J. Hortic. For.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9782
  • DOI: 10.5897/JHF
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 273

Full Length Research Paper

Effect of Aloe vera gel coating on postharvest quality and shelf life of mango (Mangifera indica L.) fruits Var. ‘Ngowe’

Ochiki Sophia
  • Ochiki Sophia
  • Department of Crops, Horticulture and Soils Sciences, Egerton University, P. O. Box 536-20115, Egerton-Kenya.
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Gesimba Morwani Robert
  • Gesimba Morwani Robert
  • Department of Crops, Horticulture and Soils Sciences, Egerton University, P. O. Box 536-20115, Egerton-Kenya.
  • Google Scholar
Wolukau Joseph Ngwela
  • Wolukau Joseph Ngwela
  • Department of Crops, Horticulture and Soils Sciences, Egerton University, P. O. Box 536-20115, Egerton-Kenya.
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  •  Received: 13 January 2015
  •  Published: 07 January 2015

Abstract

 

Mango is a highly perishable fruit and high post-harvest losses occur in Africa. In order to address this problem, 4 concentrations of Aloe vera gel (AG) (0, 25, 50 and 75%) and chitosan (1%) were tested at two temperature levels (room temperature 15-22°C and 13°C) to determine their effect on the postharvest life of mango (var.’Ngowe’). The experimental design was a 5 by 2 factorial experiment embedded in a complete randomized design with three replications. Data were recorded on titratable acidity, fruit colour, ascorbic acid and anthracnose disease incidence. The results showed that at both temperatures 50 and 75% Aloe concentrations significantly increased the shelf life evidenced by reduced decrease in titratable acidity. Fruit colour and ascorbic acid were also maintained for longer periods in these treatments. Findings of this study demonstrate the potential of using Aloe vera gel at 50% as a coating for improved postharvest shelf life and maintaining quality of mango fruits hence reduced postharvest losses.
 
Key words: Aloe vera gel, postharvest shelf life, mango.