Journal of
Horticulture and Forestry

  • Abbreviation: J. Hortic. For.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9782
  • DOI: 10.5897/JHF
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 299

Full Length Research Paper

Identification and chemical properties of popular wild edible mushrooms from northern Iran

Jamalali Olfati*, Gholamali Peyvast and Yaqvob Mami
Guilan University - Rasht – Islamic Republic of Iran.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 23 April 2009
  •  Published: 31 May 2009

Abstract

 

The sponge mushroom (morels), chanterelles, oyster mushroom, Macrolepiota proceraAmanita caesarea and Russula paludosa are the main edible wild mushrooms in northern Iran. Little is known about commercial potential of these mushrooms in this area. In this research we found 3 genuses of morels including Morchella esculenta, Morchella delisiosa and Morchella crassipesPleurotus ostreatus grows in all season in mountain regions. The nutritive value of edible wild mushrooms (Cantharellus cibariuspleurotus osteriatusM. proceraA. caesareaand R. paludosa) was determined. The highest mineral contents, dry matter and ash were measured as 8.5, 31.7, 1.4, 1.4, 1.8 mg/kg (dry weight basis), 14 and 2% for P, K, Na, Ca, Mg, dry matter and ash in young M. procera cap, mature Amanita caesarea cap, mature A. caesarea stalk and mature M. procera stalk respectively.

 

Key words: Wild edible mushroom, chemical properties, Guilan province.