Journal of
Horticulture and Forestry

  • Abbreviation: J. Hortic. For.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9782
  • DOI: 10.5897/JHF
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 272

Full Length Research Paper

Management of root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita (Kofoid and White) Chitwood in Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. through poultry manure and rapeseed cake

T. Shiferaw
  • T. Shiferaw
  • College of Dryland Agriculture, Jigjiga University, P. O. Box 1020, Jigjiga, Ethiopia.
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N. Dechassa
  • N. Dechassa
  • College of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, Haramaya University, P. O. Box 138, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia.
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P. K. Sakhuja
  • P. K. Sakhuja
  • College of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, Haramaya University, P. O. Box 138, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia.
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  •  Received: 23 April 2013
  •  Accepted: 10 September 2015
  •  Published: 31 July 2017

Abstract

Study was conducted in Diredawa Haramaya University Research Station in naturally root-knot nematode infested soil to determine the effect of poultry manure and rapeseed cake against root-knot nematode infestation and yield of tomato var. Mraglobe. Five levels of poultry manure (0, 5, 10, 15 and 20 ton/ha) and three levels of rapeseed cake (0, 100 and 200 kg/ha) were applied in experimental plot three weeks before transplanting the seedlings in band placement manner to the depth of 20 cm. The experiment laid in RCBD factorial arrangement. The result revealed that there were significant interaction effect of poultry manure above 5-20 ton/ha with rapeseed cake at 200 kg/ha at P<0.05 on number of egg/egg mass, root galling, population of J2 and yield and growth of the crop. Infestation of root-knot nematode was significantly reduced as both poultry manure and rapeseed cake increased. Fruit yield increased when poultry manure raised 0 to 15 ton/ha with rapeseed cake 200 kg/ha. Applications of poultry manure at 5 ton/ha to 15 ton/ha in combination with rapeseed cake at 200 kg/ha gave highest yield and suppressed root knot nematode.

 

Key words: Meloidogyne incognita, poultry manure, rapeseed cake, root-knot nematode, tomato.