Journal of
Languages and Culture

  • Abbreviation: J. Lang. Cult.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-6540
  • DOI: 10.5897/JLC
  • Start Year: 2010
  • Published Articles: 120

Article in Press

Global catastrophes leading psychological trauma in Kamila Shamsie’s Burnt Shadows

C. Lakshmi

  •  Received: 17 August 2018
  •  Accepted: 19 November 2018
Pakistani English Literature is closely linked with the experience of immigration that deals mainly with the geographical displacement stemming out with the displacement of culture, history and ideas. It causes deep psychological crises as internal and moral conflict. The painful experiences of each individual are depicted brilliantly in the works of Kamila Shamsie, Nadim Aslamand and Mohsin Hamid. The confusion between nativity and alienation exists not only in society but also at home and between generations. This confusion also creates a moral dilemma in the minds of the people. At the same time, it paves way to look life with the possibility of living as a cultural hybrid beyond migration concept. In fact, modern Pakistan shares many concerns with other Third World countries such as lack of justice, military rule, poverty and cultural problems stemming from the encounter between the local and universal, traditional and modern society. These pressures have reflected in the works of Kamila Shamsie. Shamsie has highlighted the individual rebelling against the traditional role, loss of control over international communications, rising regionalism, ethnicity, criminal organizations, and the breakdown of state control and authority. Breaking the shackles of exploitation and oppression, awakening with a sense of identity, to assert their individuality, the characters in her novel The Burnt Shadows, are experiencing a psychological trauma.

Keywords: Displacement, immigration, physical and psychological trauma