Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3749

Full Length Research Paper

Therapeutic applications of Caryocar brasiliense: Systematic review

Fábio Fernandes Bruno Filho
  • Fábio Fernandes Bruno Filho
  • Animal Bioscience Graduate Program, Federal University of Jataí, BR 364, Km 195, 3800, CEP 75801.615, Jataí, Goiás, Brazil.
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Wanessa Ferreira Ataíde
  • Wanessa Ferreira Ataíde
  • Animal Bioscience Graduate Program, Federal University of Jataí, BR 364, Km 195, 3800, CEP 75801.615, Jataí, Goiás, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Mônica Rodrigues Ferreira Machado
  • Mônica Rodrigues Ferreira Machado
  • Academic Unit of Biology, Federal University of Jataí, BR 364, Km 195, 3800, CEP 75801.615, Jataí, Goiás, Brazil.
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Ariel Eurides Stella
  • Ariel Eurides Stella
  • Academic Unit of Agrarian Sciences, Animal Bioscience Graduate Program, Federal University of Jataí, BR 364, Km 195, 3800, CEP 75801.615, Jataí, Goiás, Brazil.
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Liliane Nebo
  • Liliane Nebo
  • Chemistry Department,Chemistry Graduate Program, Federal University of Jataí, BR 364, Km 195, 3800, CEP 75801.615, Jataí, Goiás, Brazil.
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Sandra Aparecida Benite-Ribeiro
  • Sandra Aparecida Benite-Ribeiro
  • Academic Unit of Biology, Federal University of Jataí, BR 364, Km 195, 3800, CEP 75801.615, Jataí, Goiás, Brazil.
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Frederico Augusto Guimarães Guilherme
  • Frederico Augusto Guimarães Guilherme
  • Academic Unit of Biology, Federal University of Jataí, BR 364, Km 195, 3800, CEP 75801.615, Jataí, Goiás, Brazil.
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Andréia Vitor Couto do Amaral
  • Andréia Vitor Couto do Amaral
  • Academic Unit of Agrarian Sciences, Animal Bioscience Graduate Program, Federal University of Jataí, BR 364, Km 195, 3800, CEP 75801.615, Jataí, Goiás, Brazil.
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  •  Received: 04 May 2021
  •  Accepted: 31 August 2021
  •  Published: 30 September 2021

Abstract

The interest and search for natural active principles with therapeutic properties from plants are growing, given their potential for use by the cosmetic and pharmaceutical industries. Thus, the objective of this review was to carry out a systematic analysis of scientific productions that have explored some therapeutic potential of Caryocar brasiliense. The methodology of the preferred reporting items was adopted for systematic review and meta-analysis protocols (PRISMA). Articles published in the period from 2009 to 2019 in the Web of Science and Bireme were selected and evaluated. The descriptors used were C. brasiliense, extract, and therapeutic. After applying the exclusion criteria, 25 studies were selected, elucidating a miscellany of therapeutic potentials for pequi, such as antioxidant, antifungal, antibiotic, antineoplastic, neuroprotective, regulation of blood pressure as well as analysis of the toxicity of different parts of the plant. It was verified that the pulp extract was the most used for therapeutic purposes, mainly orally. Toxicological studies have shown low toxicity for all parts of the plant, in high doses. The therapeutic benefits observed consisted mainly of antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antineoplastic, antiparasitic, and blood pressure control activities.

Key words: Caryocar brasiliense, extracts, systematic review, therapeutic potential.