Therapeutic applications of Caryocar brasiliense: Systematic review
The interest and search for natural active principles with therapeutic properties from plants are growing, given their potential for use by the cosmetic and pharmaceutical industries. Thus, the objective of this review was to carry out a systematic analysis of scientific productions that have explored some therapeutic potential of Caryocar brasiliense. The methodology of the preferred reporting items was adopted for...
Composition and antioxidant potential of leaf and stem essential oils from Nigerian Indigofera spicata Forssk
The chemical compositions and antioxidant evaluation of the essential oils (EOs) obtained by hydrodistillation from the leaf and stem of Indigofera spicata Forssk (Fabaceae) grown in Nigeria have been studied. The EOs were analyzed using gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and the antioxidant potential was determined using 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging ability method....
Chemical investigation, toxic potential and acetylcholinesterase inhibitory effect of Parkia platycephala leaf and seed extracts
The present work evaluated the inhibitor potential of acetylcholinesterase, the preliminary toxicity and determination of active components of different leaf and seed extracts of Parkia platycephala. All extracts were obtained through hot extraction in a closed system (Soxhlet). To obtain the leaf and seed hexanic, methanolic, and ethanolic extracts (LHE, LME, LEE, and SHE, SME, and SEE), sequential extraction was...
Piper multinodum C.DC. (Piperaceae) essential oils chemical variation and biological activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Piper multinodum C.DC. belongs to the Piperaceae family, and is known as “Jaborandi-manso”. This species has no reported botanical, chemical, pharmacological and/or toxicological scientific studies, and has restricted occurrence in degraded Brazilian biomes. The Piper genus is known to be aromatic, the essential oils (EO) obtained from different organs have demonstrated significant biological activities, and...
Effect of n-hexane extract of baobab (Adansonia digitata) fruit on biochemical parameters of l-ng-nitro arginine methyl ester induced hypertension in rats
L-NG-Nitro arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) was used to induce hypertension in this experiment and the intervention plant extract was Adansonia digitata fruit. A total of 30 rats were used for this research and divided into 6 groups of 5 animals each. Group 1 was control (water and feed ad libidum), group 2 (L-NAME), group 3 (ramipril 10 mg/kg), group 4 (A. digitata 200 mg/kg), group 5 (A. digitata 400 mg/kg) and group 6...