Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3761

Full Length Research Paper

Efficacy of ethanolic leaf extracts of Carica papaya and Terminalia catappa as molluscicides against the snail intermediate hosts of schistosomiasis

Adetunji, V. O.1* and Salawu, O. T.2
1Department of Veterinary Public Health and Preventive Veterinary Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria. 2Department of Zoology, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 27 October 2010
  •  Published: 18 November 2010

Abstract

The study evaluated the molluscicidal effects of ethanolic leaf extracts of two Nigerian indigenous medicinal plants; Terminalia catappa and Carica papaya. Different concentrations 2500, 630, 160, 40 and 10 ppm were prepared from the stock solution of the extracts. AdultBiomphalaria pfeifferi and Bulinus globosus were exposed to these different graded concentrations. Mortalities were observed at intervals of time. There were strong positive correlations between mortalities observed in snails and extracts’ concentrations; R2 = 0.997 and 0.952 in T. catappa exposed B. pfeifferi and B. globosus respectively and R2 = 0.925and 0.937 in C. papaya exposed B. pfeifferi and B. globosus respectively. The lethal concentration (LC50) values for B. pfeifferi and B. globosus were (864.1, 1095.7 ppm) and (2716.3, 619.1 ppm) for T. catappa and C. papaya ethanol extracts respectively. The corresponding LC90 values were (1222.8, 1874.9 ppm) and (4515.9, 1180.7 ppm) for T. catappa and C. papaya ethanol extracts respectively. The results from the lethal concentration values showed that B. pfeifferi is more susceptible to T. catappa while B. globosus is more susceptible to C. papaya ethanolic leaf extracts.

 

Key words: Molluscicidal effects, medicinal plants, lethal concentrations, susceptibility