Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3835

Full Length Research Paper

Proximate composition and metal evaluation of four selected medicinal plant species from Pakistan

Javid Hussain1, Zia Muhammad1*, Riaz Ullah1, Farman Ullah Khan1, Najeeb ur Rehman1, Naeem Khan1, Arif Ullah Khan2, M. Naseem1, Fahad Khan1and Saleem Jan3
1Department of Chemistry, Kohat University of Science and Technology, Kohat 26000 Pakistan. 2Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kohat University of Science and Technology, Kohat-26000, Pakistan. 3Department of Chemistry, University of Science and Technology Bannu, Bannu-28100, Pakistan.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 03 June 2010
  •  Published: 30 September 2013


Proximate composition and levels of metals in four commonly consumed species,Sonchus erucaMelia azadirchtaWithania cogulus and Fagonia indica, were investigated for the first time. Ash, carbohydrate, protein, fiber, fat and moisture were arranged on dry basis, while Cu, Pb, Co, Cd, Fe, Cr, Mg and Na were also investigated in metal analysis using association of official analytical chemists (AOAC) methods and atomic absorption spectrometric techniques. However, M. azadirachta was found to be rich in fiber content and energy values. The results of metal analysis showed that M. azadirachta had the highest concentrations of the metals like Cu, Mn, Cr and Fe while S. eruca contain higher concentration of Na as compared to other three species.


Key words: Sonchus erucaMelia azadirchtaWithania cogulus and Fagoniaindica, proximate composition, metal analysis.