Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3834

Table of Content: 18 July 2010; 4(14)

July 2010

Phytochemical constituents and bioactivities of the extracts of Cassia nigricans Vahl: A review

Cassia species have been of keen interest in phytochemical and pharmacological research due to their excellent medicinal values. They are rich sources of polyphenols, anthraquinone derivatives, flavonoids and polysaccharides. Cassia nigricans Vahl is an important source of secondary metabolites, notably anthraquinone derivatives. The leaves of C. nigricans Vahl have been reported to contain...

Author(s): R. G. Ayo

July 2010

Taxonomic utilization of anatomical characters in tribe Andropogoneae (Poaceae) based on transverse sections of leaves

In the present investigations, 13 species of grasses belonging to 10 genera of tribe Andropogoneae (Poaceae) were collected from salt range area of Pakistan. The purpose of the study is to identify and differentiate the grasses on the basis of leaf anatomical characters, at the specific and generic level within the tribe. Variations are observed in different characters of T.S. of leaf (presence and absence of...

Author(s): Farooq Ahmad, Mir Ajab Khan, Mushtaq Ahmad, Muhammad Zafar, Muhammad Arshad, Ameer Khan, Ghulam Mujtaba Shah and Muhammad Rashid Awan

September 2013

Variability of essential oil composition in Albanian accessions of Satureja montana L.

Satureja montana L. is an important aromatic and medicinal plant. The present study is aimed to contribute to a better knowledge of chemical biodiversity features of S. montana in Albania. The authors studied the variation in the chemical composition of its essential oil in six populations collected from agro-climatically diverse sites. Dried leaves were hydrodistillated and the essential oil was...

Author(s): Alban Ibraliu, Baldev Singh Dhillon, Ndoc Faslia and Benjamin Stich

September 2013

Comparative in vitro trypanocidal activities of water and methanol extracts of three parts of Khaya senegalensis on Trypanosoma evansi

A comparative phytochemical and in vitro studies of water and methanolic extracts of three different parts of Khaya senegalensis, a plant used by herbalists in Nigeria to treat helminthiasis and other ailments revealed the presence of alkaloids, carbohydrates, tannins, saponins, flavonoids, terpenes sugars, cardiac glycosides and phlobatannins. At a dose of 20 mg/ml the water extract (leaf, stem...

Author(s): A. A. Adeiza, H. K. Makeri and M. Mohammed

September 2013

Proximate composition and metal evaluation of four selected medicinal plant species from Pakistan

Proximate composition and levels of metals in four commonly consumed species,Sonchus eruca, Melia azadirchta, Withania cogulus and Fagonia indica, were investigated for the first time. Ash, carbohydrate, protein, fiber, fat and moisture were arranged on dry basis, while Cu, Pb, Co, Cd, Fe, Cr, Mg and Na were also investigated in metal analysis using association of official analytical chemists...

Author(s): Javid Hussain, Zia Muhammad, Riaz Ullah, Farman Ullah Khan, Najeeb ur Rehman, Naeem Khan, Arif Ullah Khan, M. Naseem, Fahad Khanand Saleem Jan

September 2013

Anxiolytic and anticonvulsant activity of alcoholic extract of heart wood of Cedrus deodara roxb. in rodents

The objective of the present study was to evaluate the anxiolytic and anticonvulsant activity of the alcoholic extract of heart wood of Cedrus deodara(ALCD). 50, 100 and 200 mg/kg of ALCD were tested for its anxiolytic and anticonvulsant activity. Anxiolytic activity was tested by exposing mice to unfamiliar aversion in different methods like elevated plus maze model, light-dark model and actophotometer. The...

Author(s): D. Dhayabaran, E. Jeyaseeli Florance, K. Nandakumar and A. Puratchikody

September 2013

Encapsulation of cinnamon oil in b-cyclodextrin

Inclusion complexes between the Cinnamomum verum essential oil and b-cyclodextrin were prepared by co-precipitation method with the four oil to b-cyclodextrin ratios of 5:95, 10:90, 15:85 and 20:80 (w/w) in order to determine the effect of the ratio on the inclusion efficiency of b-cyclodextrin for encapsulating oil volatiles. The characterization of the complex involved the analysis of the...

Author(s): Goran M. Petrović, Gordana S. Stojanović and Niko S. Radulović

September 2013

Investigation of antioxidant capacity of Melissa officinalis L. essential oils

Extraction of natural substances with antioxidant activity, to replace synthetic food preservatives has gained great importance. Medicinal plants have traditionally been used in folk medicine as well as to extend the shelf life of foods. Melissa officinalisL., an aromatic Lamiaceae has the main phenolic components that are useful to utilize as antioxidant. In this work, M. officinalis L. leaves was...

Author(s): Heidar Meftahizade, Elmira Sargsyan and Hojat Moradkhani

September 2013

Tobacco as an anesthetic for fish handling procedures

The use of aqueous and alcoholic extracts of tobacco as an anesthetic for fish handling procedures was investigated using the Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus.An effective concentration of the anesthetic was defined as one giving a sure state of anesthesia for 75% of the fish after an exposure time of less than 5 min. The effective concentration of the aqueous extract was 4/4.5 g/l. For the alcoholic extract it...

Author(s): O. E. Agokei, and A. A. Adebisi

September 2013

Laminaria japonica polysaccharides on the recovery of rats’ spermatogenic function of testis damaged by chronic local ionizing radiation

To investigate the degree of recovery by Laminaria japonica polysaccharides (LJP) on the damage to the rat spermatogenic function caused by chronic local ionizing radiation, 56 wistar rats were randomly divided into seven groups: Control, three model and three LJP groups. Results showed that although indicators in LJP and model groups were found different from the control group (P < 0.05) when compared with...

Author(s): Luo Qiong, Liu Jun, Yan Jun and Cui Xiaoyan

September 2013

Comparisons of antioxidant activity and total phenolics of Camellia oleifera Abel fruit hull from different regions of China

The tea oil camellia, Camellia oleifera Abel, is used extensively in China as cooking oil. The antioxidant and antiradical activities of five C. oleifera fruit hull extracts from the major producing regions of China were examined. The content of total phenolics and extractable condensed tannins (ETC) in the extracts was calculated. Remarkable high phenolic content (gallic acid equivalent, GAE >...

Author(s): Liang-Liang Zhang, Yong-Mei Wang, Dong-Mei Wu, Man Xu and Jia-Hong Chen

September 2013

The antibacterial activity of Azadarichta indica (neem) seeds extracts against bacterial pathogens associated with eye and ear infections

The effects of crude extracts of seeds of Azadarichta indica  against pathogenic Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus pyogenes, Escherichia coli andPseudomonas aeruginosa obtained as clinical isolates from patients diagnosed with eye and ear infections were investigated using the agar well diffusion method . The growth of all the isolates were inhibited, though to varying degrees, with...

Author(s): A. M. El-Mahmood, O. B. Ogbonna and M. Raji

September 2013

Essential oil of Zataria multiflora Boiss upregulates retinoblastoma tumor suppressor in the liver of rat

The Zataria multiflora Boiss is endemic plant of Iran, Pakistan and Afghanistan.  Several traditional purposes have been indicated for this medicinal plant including medical purposes, natural preservative of a wide variety of foods and as a food flavour. Currently, the correlation has been found between the essential oil of Z. multiflora Boiss and anti-carcinogenesis effects by regulation of two...

Author(s): Ali Vaziri Gohar

September 2013

Proximate and nutrient composition of Euphorbia hetrophylla: A medicinal plant from Anyigba, Nigeria

Fresh and dried Euphorbia heterophylla leaf was assessed for proximate composition and nutrient contents. Phytochemical screening was conducted using standard methods. Proximate analysis (total protein, fats, carbohydrate, ash and moisture contents) were carried out following methods of Association of Official analytical chemist. Macronutrient (Ca, Mg, Na and K) and micronutrients (Ni, Zn, Pb, Fe, Cu and K)...

Author(s): Omale James and Emmanuel T. Friday

September 2013

Crude ethyl acetate extract of the stem bark of Peltophorum africanum (Sond, Fabaceae) possesses in vitro inhibitory and bactericidal activity against clinical isolates of Helicobacter pylori

1Microbial Pathogenicity and Molecular Epidemiology Research Group, Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, Faculty of Science and Agriculture, University of Fort Hare, P/Bag X1314, Alice 5700, South Africa. 2AIDS Virus Research Laboratory, Department of Microbiology, University of Venda, Thohoyandou, South Africa. 3Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, Faculty of Science, University of Buea, Box 63,...

Author(s): B. I. Okeleye, A. Samie, P. O. Bessong, N. F. Mkwetshana, E. Green, A. M. Clarke and R. N. Ndip,

September 2013

Antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of essential oil and crude extracts of Hypericum tetrapterum Fries (Hypericaceae)

In vitro antimicrobial activity of essential oil and crude extracts (petroleum ether, ethyl acetate and methanol extract) of Hypericum tetrapterum Fries (Hypericaceae) were investigated by disc diffusion and dilution methods. The studied samples were active against a panel of standardized bacteria and fungi. The maximum antimicrobial activity was shown by the essential oil and the petroleum...

Author(s): Aleksandra ĐorÄ‘ević, Andrija Šmelcerović, Dragan Veličković, Vesna Stankov-Jovanović, Violeta Mitić, Danijela Kostić and Radosav Palić

September 2013

Effect of mouth wash extracted from Salvadora persica(Miswak) on dental plaque formation: A clinical trail

Chewing sticks or Miswak are used for teeth cleaning in many parts of the world, these Miswaks are believed to contain chemical substances which inhibit plaque formation and gingivitis. In the present study, Salvadora persica (Miswak) was extracted with 60% ethanol and was examined for its toxic effect, assessed its antibacterial activity and evaluated clinically for its effect on dental plaque formation. A 4...

Author(s): Fouad Hussein Al-Bayaty, Aiman Hamad AI-Koubaisi, Nidhal Abdul Wahid  Ali and Mahmood Ameen Abdulla

September 2013

Effects of the extract of Forsythia suspensa on influenza A H1N1 infection in vitro

The present study investigated the effect of the extract of Forsythia suspensa(FSE) on the infection of MDCK cells by anti-H1N1 virus. The protective effect of FSE on the infected MDCK cells was evaluated through quantitative measurement of the changes in the cytopathic effects and by the ultraviolet (UV) absorbance at 600 nm. It was found that FSE was toxic to MDCK cells at a higher concentration, while it had a...

Author(s): Su Wen, Xu Huifuand Huang Hao

September 2013

Effects of Malaysian medicinal plants on macrophage functions in vitro study

The effects of aqueous leaf extract of eight local medicinal plant species on the phagocytic and antibacterial potential of mouse peritoneal macrophages againstStaphylococcus aureus were investigated. The mouse macrophages cultures were incubated with various concentrations (0.2, 0.4, 0.8, 1.6 and 3.2 mg/ml) of plant extracts in different sets of test tubes at 37°C for one hour.  After incubation, their...

Author(s): Fouad H. Al- Bayaty, Mahmood A. Abdulla, Mohamed, I. Abu Hassan and Saba F. Hussein

September 2013

In vitro anticoagulant activities of Melastoma malabathricum Linn. aqueous leaf extract: A preliminary novel finding

Limitations of existing anticoagulants have prompted a search for novel agents of natural origin. Fundamental to this research was the observation that the aqueous leaf extract of Melastoma malabathricum Linn. possesses potent anticoagulant property. In vitro coagulation assays such as activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT), prothrombin time (PT) thrombin time (TT) and mixing studies were...

Author(s): Caroline Manicam, Janna Ong Abdullah, Eusni Rahayu Mohd Tohit, Zainina Seman, Sieo Chin Chin and Muhajir Hamid

September 2013

In vitro propagation of Gymnema sylvestre Retz. R.Br through apical bud culture

Gymnema sylvestre Retz. R.Br. is a very important medicinal plant used in many medical formulations mainly for the treatment of diabetes. The extensive use of G. sylvestre has resulted in its over-exploitation and the plant is rare in many states of India. In the present study multiple shoot were regenerated using apical buds as an explant. Several concentrations of cytokinins viz. kinetin and BAP were...

Author(s): Bharti Sharma and Y. K. Bansal

September 2013

Hairy root culture of Przewalskia tangutica for enhanced production of pharmaceutical tropane alkaloids

The bacteria-free seedlings of Przewalskia tangutica were germinated from seeds. The leaves were used as initial explants for genetic transformation mediated byAgrobacterium rhizogenes strain A4, with the induction of Acetosyringone. The hairy roots were induced from the wounded sites of the leaves at the frequency of 100%. The independently transformed and fast growing hairy roots were subcultured in MS...

Author(s): Xiaozhong Lan and Hong Quan

September 2013

Antihistaminic evaluation of formulated polyherbal cough syrup

Allergic rhinitis is one of the most common allergic disorders throughout the world. The conventional therapies are effective in alleviating symptoms but the efficacy is limited and not persistent. Many of the indigenous herbal preparations used by the tribes are little known to the public due to lack of scientific evaluation. The aqueous ethanol extracts of various traditional herbs like Adhatoda vasica, Acorus...

Author(s): J. Anbu Jeba Sunilson, K. Anandarajagopal, Abdullah khan, Khaja Pasha, Qusro Bin Hassan and Puspa V. Kuna Raja

September 2013

Antiypertensive action of ethanolic extract of Imperata cylindrica leaves in animal models

This work was carried out to determine antihypertensive effect of ethanolic extract of Imperata cylindrical leaves using cat and rabbit models. A freeze dried 70% ethanolic extract was prepared and increasing concentrations from 10 to 320 mg/ml were administered in vivo to anaesthetized cats and in vitro to rabbit jejunum. Adrenaline and phentolamine were used as control drugs. The extract...

Author(s): E. E. Mak-Mensah, E. O. Terlabi and G. Komlaga

September 2013

Antioxidant effect of ginger to prevents lead-induced liver tissue apoptosis in rat

Lead acetate is an example of heavy metals that for decades being known for its adverse effects on various body organs and systems such that their functions are compromised. In the present study, the ability of lead to adversely affect the liver tissue apoptosis was investigated. Ginger is source of antioxidants was administered orally to prevent the adverse effects of lead acetate. Thirty Wistar rats, randomised into 3...

Author(s): Amir Afshin Khaki and Arash Khaki,

September 2013

Exploring Passiflora incarnata (L.): A medicinal plants secondary metabolites as antibacterial agent

Different solvent extract of Passiflora incarnata (L.), known for antibacterial activity, were investigated for antibacterial efficacy against Staphylococcus aureus (oxacillin resistance strain) and Escherichia coli by disc diffusion method. The secondary metabolites extracted in methanolic extract were found to be more potent as compared to ethyl acetate, as it shows Minimal Inhibitory...

Author(s): Anita S. Patil

September 2013

Screening of African traditional vegetables for their alpha-amylase inhibitory effect

Diabetes is a syndrome of disordered metabolism resulting in abnormally high blood sugar levels (hyperglycemia). The one possibility of lowering postprandial glucose levels is by the inhibition of α-amylase activity. In this study, aqueous extracts from leaves, fruits and flowers, stems and roots of twenty African traditional vegetable plants were tested for their inhibitory effect on α-amylase. The results...

Author(s): Bharti Odhav, Thangaraj Kandasamy, , Nonhlanhla Khumalo and Himansu Baijnath