The objective of this study was to compile a review note on distribution, medicinal properties, trade value and problems associated with an important medicinal plant, Hedychium spicatumBuch-Ham ex Sm (Zingiberaceae). The underground part (rhizome) is useful in preparation of indigenous medicine like the crude extract of the rhizome has been used in preparation of an anti cancerous drug. Essential oil (commercially known as ‘Kapur Kachri Oil’) from rhizomes showed antimicrobial activity against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. On the basis of comprehensive study of literature it has been found that this species is commercially exploited from its natural habitat. Hence, prioritization needs to be done for propagation and conservation of H. spicatum.
Key words: Zingiberaceae, medicinal plant, rhizomes, anti-cancerous drug, propagation and conservation.
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