Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3834

Table of Content: 29 December 2010; 4(25)

December 2010

Nitric oxide biochemistry, mode of action and signaling in plants

Nitric oxide (NO) is a gaseous diatomic radical with a wide variety of physiological and pathological implications in animal, plant and microbes. NO reacts directly with metal complexes and other radicals and indirectly as a reactive nitrogen oxide species with DNA, proteins, and lipids. In animals, NO is a signal transduction element that is synthesized by nitric oxide synthase (NOS) enzyme from L-arginine that...

Author(s): A. N. Misra, M. Misra and R. Singh

December 2010

Acorus calamus: An overview

Acorus calamus (Sweet flag) is a wetland perennial monocot plant,  in which the scented leaves and rhizomes have been traditionally used medicinally against different ailments like,fever, asthma, bronchitis, cough and mainly for digestive problems such as gas, bloating, colic, and poor digestive function. Number of active constituents and essential oil were identified and...

Author(s): R. Balakumbahan, K. Rajamani and K. Kumanan

December 2010

The multiple actions of the phytomedicine Echinacea in the treatment of colds and flu

The symptoms of cold and flu are generally attributed to specific respiratory viruses and bacteria acting either as primary agents, or as secondary agents following a viral infection. These infections can induce the secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines by various airway epithelial cells and in conjunction with other inflammatory mediators, thereby producing the familiar symptoms of a cold or flu. Certain types...

Author(s): James B. Hudson

December 2010

Melissa officinalis L., a valuable medicine plant: A review

Melissa officinalis L., a valuable medicinal plant in herbal medicine is native to the eastern Mediterranean Region and western Asia. The constituent of the essential oil of the plant in various climates is different, but citral (geranial and neral), citronellal, geraniol are main components. Many parameters influencing essential oil composition and yield, such as light intensity, nutrient, temperature, cultural...

Author(s): Moradkhani H., Sargsyan E., Bibak H., Naseri B., Sadat-Hosseini M., Fayazi-Barjin A. and Meftahizade H.

December 2010

Molecular regulation of terpenoid indole alkaloids pathway in the medicinal plant, Catharanthus roseus

Catharanthus roseus (L.) is a plant species known for its production of many pharmaceutically terpenoid indole alkaloids (TIAs). The intricate networks of TIAs biosynthesis is regulated by all kinds of molecules such as plant signaling molecules (jasmonate acid, ethylene and nitric oxide), plant growth regulators, prenylated proteins and transcription factors. This fine-tuned regulation is also accompanied with...

Author(s): Mei-Liang Zhou, Hong-Li Hou, Xue-Mei Zhu, Ji-Rong Shao, Yan-Min Wu and Yi-Xiong Tang

December 2010

A review account on medicinal value of Hedychium spicatum Buch-Ham ex Sm: Vulnerable medicinal plant

The objective of this study was to compile a review note on distribution, medicinal properties, trade value and problems associated with an important medicinal plant, Hedychium spicatumBuch-Ham ex Sm (Zingiberaceae). The underground part (rhizome) is useful in preparation of indigenous medicine like the crude extract of the rhizome has been used in preparation of an anti cancerous drug. Essential oil (commercially...

Author(s): Dinesh Giri , Sushma Tamta and Aseesh Pandey

December 2010

Potential role of natural molecules in health and disease: Importance of boswellic acid

The therapeutic use of natural products was perhaps the oldest medical practices.  Interestingly, 64% of total population of the world utilizes plants as drugs mainly in the developing countries. There are more than 85,000 plant species that have been documented for medical use globally. So, plant derived natural products hold great promise for discovery and development of new pharmaceuticals in diverse human...

Author(s): Yasrib Qurishi, Abid Hamid, M. A. Zargar, Shashank Kumar Singh and Ajit Kumar Saxena

December 2010

Vernonia amygdalina, an ethnoveterinary and ethnomedical used green vegetable with multiple bio-activities

Today, researches are focusing on the discovery of new therapeutic substances of natural origin with possible low or no toxicity to human, animal and environment, based on ethnomedical and ethnoveterinary practices.Vernonia amygdalina is a shrub that has been commonly known as bitter leaf due the bitter taste of the leaves. It is widely used as a daily green vegetable or herb to treat malaria and diabetes. The...

Author(s): Swee Keong Yeap, Wan Yong Ho, Boon Kee Beh, Woon San Liang, Huynh Ky, Abdul Hadi Noaman Yousr and Noorjahan Banu Alitheen

December 2010

Salvia miltiorrhiza: Chemical and pharmacological review of a medicinal plant

Salvia miltiorrhiza is a well-known traditional Chinese herb, belongs to the family of Labiatae, is used in many parts of the world to treat various conditions due to their excellent medicinal values. It is rich sources of tanshinone I, tanshinone II, miltirone and salvianolic acid and a wide range of chemical compounds. Extracts of the plant, particularly those from the root, possess useful pharmacological...

Author(s): Bao-Qing Wang

December 2010

Search for a novel antioxidant, anti-inflammatory/analgesic or anti-proliferative drug: Cucurbitacins hold the ace

Cucurbitacins are triterpenoid steroids reported to have several biological activities and are predominantly isolated from Cucurbitaceae family. They are efficient anti-oxidant and this property lies in their ability to scavenge free-radicals such as hydroxyl radical, superoxide anions and singlet oxygen. This broad spectrum radical-scavenging capacity surpasses what had been reported for other natural antioxidants such...

Author(s): Saba Adebowale Bernard and Oridupa Ayorinde Olayinka

December 2010

Activity of essential oils as a biorational alternative to control coleopteran insects in stored grains

The essential oils have been widely used as antiparasitical, bactericidal, fungicidal, antivirus and insecticidal. On the other hand the main method to control insect pest is using synthetic pesticides, but the development of insect resistance to this products, the high operational cost and environmental pollution have created the need for developing alternative approaches to control many insects pest, and in this sense...

Author(s): S. G. Pérez, M. A. Ramos-López, M. A. Zavala-Sánchez and N. C. Cárdenas-Ortega

December 2010

Pomegranate (Punica granatum L.): A medicinal plant with myriad biological properties - A short review

The pomegranate, Punica granatum L., which can be found throughout the Mediterranean region, in Southeast Asia, California and Arizona in USA was in ancient times referred as possessing powers of fertility, abundance and good luck (fruit). The biological properties of extracts (antimicrobial, antioxidant, anticancer, anti-inflammatory, among other properties) obtained from several parts of pomegranate is...

Author(s): Maria G. Miguel, Maria A. Neves and Maria D. Antunes