Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3828

Table of Content: 25 May, 2013; 7(20)

May 2013

Terminalia chebula - A pharmacognistic account

Herbal medicines are in great demand in the developed as well as developing countries for primary heath care because of their wide biological and medicinal activities, higher safety margin and lower costs. Terminalia chebula Retz. is an important medicinal plant and has been extensively used in ayurveda, unani and homoeopathic medicine and has become cynosure of modern medicine. It is called “King...

Author(s): Harpreet Walia and Saroj Arora

May 2013

Ethnobotanical notes on 30 medicinal polypetalous plants of district Kangra of Himachal Pradesh

District Kangra is the most populous district, located on the South-Western end of the Himachal Pradesh, a hilly state of the Western Himalayas. The geographical area of district Kangra is 5,739 km2, making 10.31% of the total area of the state. The importance of medicinal plants in traditional healthcare practices, providing clues to new areas of research and in biodiversity conservation, is now well recognized....

Author(s): Savita Rani, J. C. Rana, S. M. Jeelani, R. C. Gupta and Santosh Kumari

May 2013

Antioxidant and anti-acetylcholinesterase activity of commercially available medicinal infusions after in vitro gastrointestinal digestion

Cynara cardunculus, Fraxinus angustifolia  and Pterospartum tridentatum are plants commercialized in Portugal for digestion-related ailments, among others. The aim of this study was to identify the chemical composition of the infusions and determine the inhibition of acetylcholinesterase, the antioxidant activity, and to evaluate if the chemical composition and activities remained...

Author(s): Pedro L. Falé, Catarina Ferreira, Ana M. Rodrigues, Pedro Cleto, Paulo J. Amorim Madeira, Maria H. Florêncio, Fátima N. Frazão, and Maria L. M. Serralheiro,

May 2013

Ethnomedicinal profile and conservation status of plant biodiversity in Alexander the Great Valley, District Shangla, Pakistan

A comprehensive study was carried out to elaborate ethno-medicinal profile and conservation status of Plant biodiversity in Alexander the great Valley, District Shangla, Pakistan. It is one of the world's most interesting and historical areas, not only for its natural resources and medicinal plant diversity but also for old relics or ruins of Alexander the Great that is attracting national and global interest. The...

Author(s): Abdul  Razzaq, Abdur  Rashid, Muhammad  Islam, Ajmal Iqbal and Hanif Khan

May 2013

Antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor potential of supercritical carbon dioxide extracts from Ixeris chinensis

Supercritical carbon dioxide extraction was used to obtain effective extracts from Ixeris chinensis. Antioxidative activity, anti-inflammatorial properties and antitumor potential of the extract were studied in this research. Qualitative and quantitative analysis of the effective component of the I. chinensis extracts (IX) was performed using high-pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC) with an ultra violet...

Author(s): Wen-Jye Lin, Shin-Liang Chen, Mu-Tai Liu, Chang-Tsen Hung, and Ai-Yih Wang

May 2013

Eupalitin from Asparagus falcatus (Linn.) has anti-cancer activity and induces activation of caspases 3/7 in human colorectal tumor cells

3,5,4′-Trihydroxy-6,7-dimethoxy-flavone (Eupalitin) has been isolated from the leaves ofAsparagus falcatus (Linn.). Anti-proliferation and apoptosis studies were conducted on eupalitin. Results showed that eupalitin exhibited significant cytotoxicity against human colorectal tumor cells. It is found that eupalitin induces the activation of caspases 3/7, a hallmark of apoptosis. The study suggests that the...

Author(s): Raza Murad Ghalib, Sayed Hasan Mehdi, Rokiah Hashim, Othman Sulaiman, Fiona How Ni Foong, B. M. Khadeer Ahamed, Amin Malik Shah Abdul Majid and Faiyaz Ahmed

May 2013

Biological activity and chemical compounds of the hexane extracts from Chaerophyllum macropodum in two different habitats

The chemical constituents of the hexane extracts of Chaerophyllum macropodum (Boiss.) from two different localities were obtained in Soxhlet apparatus and analyzed by gas chromatography (GC) and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). The hexane extracts of C. macropodum from Givi and Neor were characterized by a higher amount of linoleic acid (23.2 and 29.2%), 6-octadecenoic acid (20.2 and...

Author(s): Ali Shafaghat

May 2013

Department of Chemistry, Khalkhal Branch, Islamic Azad University, Khalkhal, Iran.

In this study, the ethanol extract of the inner bark of the Syderoxylum obtusifolium (EESob)was tested in the model of cyclophosphamide-induced hemorrhagic cystitis. Male Wistar rats were submitted to the injection of cyclophosphamide, 1 h after the treatment with EESob (200 or 400 mg/kg) or vehicle. After 24 h, the urinary bladder was excised and the edema, myeloperoxidase activity and malondialdehyde...

Author(s): Denyson Santana Pereira, Janaína Pereira Morais, Danielle Gomes Santana, Cliomar Alves Santos, Sara Maria Thomazzi, Charles Estevam dos Santos, Angelo Roberto Antoniolli, Daniel Pereira Bezerra and Enilton Aparecido Camargo

May 2013

Anti-bacterial effect of Indian costus and sea-qust and their water extracts on some pathogenic bacteria of the human respiratory system

The pathogenic bacteria of the human respiratory system are characterized by resistance to most antibiotics. Staphylococcus aureus and Klebsiella pneumonia are some of the pathogenic bacteria of the human respiratory system which often cause pneumonia and meningitis. Moreover, they are the most prominent strains of bacteria in most hospitals. Bacterial resistance to antibiotics occurs as a result of...

Author(s): AL-Kattan, Manal Othman

May 2013

In vitro free radical scavenging activity of Jatropha gossgypifolia Linn. containing phenolic compounds

To evaluate the in vitro free radical (FR) scavenging activity of leaves Jatropha gossypifoliaLinn. petroleum ether, ethanol, aqueous extracts of J. gossypifolia were prepared, with successive extraction in Soxhlet apparatus. Each extract was selected to study the FR scavenging activity by superoxide scavenging assay and 2, 2-diphenyl-1 picrylhydrazyl hydrate (DPPH) radical scavenging assay...

Author(s): Sachin Jain, G. P. Choudhary and D. K. Jaina

May 2013

Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don.: Extraordinary Bapedi medicinal herb for gonorrhoea

The use of Catharanthus roseus by 30 Bapedi traditional healers to treat gonorrhoea in the Limpopo Province of South Africa, was investigated via a semi-structured questionnaire, supplemented with field observations. Results show that C. roseus is highly preferred by the majority (60%) of the interviewed healers, and that the pink form is exclusively used to treat gonorrhoea. This naturalised exotic...

Author(s): S.S. Semenya and M. J. Potgieter

May 2013

Medicinal plants used by the tribes of Vythiri taluk, Wayanad district (Kerala state) for the treatment of human and domestic animal ailments

The present paper aimed to document traditional herbal drugs in the treatment of human and veterinary ailments by the tribal communities residing in Vythiri taluk of Wayanad district, Kerala in India. An ethno-medico-botanical survey was carried out in 6 randomly selected panchayaths of Vythiri taluk of Wayanad district, Kerala investigating the tribal healing systems and herbal treatments used for various ailments....

Author(s): A. G. Devi Prasad and T. B. Shyma

May 2013

Antibacterial activity of medicinal plants used as ethnomedicine by the traditional healers of Musiri Thaluk, Trichy District, Tamilnadu, India

The objective of this study was to collect information about medicinal plants and their uses by the knowledge obtained from the traditional healers in Musiri thaluk of Trichy district, Tamilnadu, India. It was also to determine the phytochemical properties and antimicrobial activity of fifteen different plants selected based on spearman rank correlation. The traditional healers of Musiri thaluk, Trichy district used...

Author(s): Sathya Bama S., Sankaranarayanan S., Bama P., Ramachandran J., Bhuvaneswari N. and Jayasurya Kingsley S

May 2013

In vitro activity of Melaleuca alternifolia (Tea tree) and Eucalyptus globulus essential oils on oral Candida biofilm formation on polymethylmethacrylate

Melaleuca alternifolia and Eucalyptus globulus essential oils are known for their antifungal activities and efficacy in the treatment of oral candidiasis. Candida biofilm increased resistance to antifungal agents that have activity against their planktonic cells. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential role of M. alternifolia and E. globulus essential oils in the...

Author(s): Noumi Emira, Snoussi Mejdi and Mahjoub Aouni

May 2013

Simulation and validation of leaf area prediction model for Picrorhiza kurroa – An endangered medicinal plant of Western Himalaya

The study was aimed at modeling of individual leaf area of Picrorhiza kurroa using linear measurements of leaf length (L) and maximum width (W). Leaves were collected from the greenhouse at different time intervals during 2009 and 2011. The actual leaf area (LA) and leaf dimensions were measured with a laser area meter. Different combinations of prediction equations were obtained from length (L), width (W),...

Author(s): Rakesh Kumar and Saurabh Sharma

May 2013

Plants of Xhosa people in the Transkei region of Eastern Cape (South Africa) with major pharmacological and therapeutic properties

The indigenous people of Transkei, Eastern Cape, South Africa depend on the natural plant resources from their environment for medicine, food, pastoral, cultural and religious needs. This area, mainly inhabited by the Xhosa people, has remained ethnobotanically unexplored until recently. The present investigation among the herbalist, traditional doctors, herb traders, tribal priests and other knowledgeable local people...

Author(s): R. B. Bhat

May 2013

Effect of Zingiber officinal (ginger) and Glycyrrhiza uralensis (licorice) on experimental S. mansoni life cycle and investing the composition (metabolites) changes in different tissues

The present study was undertaken to evaluate the role of both ginger (Zingiber officinal) and licorice (Glycyrrhiza uralensis) on different S. mansoni life cycle; miracidia, cercariae, schistosomula and adult worm in vitro. In addition, this study aimed at separation and quantification of pyruvic, lactic, succnic, fumaric, malic, acetic, propionic and acetoacetic...

Author(s): Hanan F. Aly, Mona M. Mantawy, Zainb H. Fahamy and Maha Zaki Rizk

May 2013

Hepatoprotective effect of dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) against induced chronic liver cirrhosis

Recently, it was found that dandelion flower extract may fight free radicals (chemical by-products known to damage DNA). Health care providers clinically use dandelion root to promote liver detoxification. Dandelion leaves water extract was investigated for hepatoprotective activity against carbon tetrachloride induced liver damage. The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of the hepatoprotective...

Author(s): Abdulrahman L. Al-Malki, Mohamed Kamel Abo-Golayel, Gamal Abo-Elnaga and Hassan Al-Beshri

May 2013

Chemical composition and antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of the essential oil from Teucrium polium geyrii (Labiatae)

The composition of the essential oil from Algerian Teucrium polium geyrii (Labiatae) plant was analysed by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC-MS); 85 constituents (87.72% of the total oil) were identified. The main compounds were (11.18%) dl-Limonene, (10.02%) δ-cadinene and (9.15%) trans β-caryophyllene. The antimicrobial activity of the essential oil was evaluated...

Author(s): Hammoudi Roukia, Hadj Mahammed Mahfoud and Ould El Hadj M. Didi

May 2013

Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis of the crude alkaloid extract of Ziziphus mauritiana Lam., grown in Algerian

The identification of the crude alkaloid extract of the Algerian Ziziphus mauritiana Lam. was carried out using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis. The identified ten alkaloids seem to be reported for the first time in this plant species.   Key words: Rhamnaceae, alkaloids, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS),Ziziphus mauritiana.

Author(s): Elyacout Chebouat, Belkhir Dadamoussa, Azeddine Kabouche, Messaouda Allaoui, Messaoud Gouamid, Abdelkrim cheriti and Noureddine Gherraf

May 2013

A novel extraction method of shikonin and the determination of contact angle

Author(s): Xiaoqiu Cui   NOT AVAILABLE