Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3834

Table of Content: 3 April, 2013; 7(13)

April 2013

Antibacterial and cytotoxic activities of high altitude essential oils from Nepalese Himalaya

Essential oils of Rhododendron anthopogon, Artemisia vulgaris,  Zanthoxylum armatum,Acrous calamus, Cinnamomum glaucescens, Nardostachys grandiflora and Abies spectabilis are studied for antibacterial and cytotoxic activities, and are evaluated with standard antibiotics for the synergistic potentiality against human pathogenic bacteriaStaphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli and...

Author(s): Rajendra Gyawali, Jyoti Bhandari, Shiksha Amatya, Esha Piya, Udaya Laxmi Pradhan, Ranjana Paudyal, Rajan Shrestha and Tritha Maiya Shrestha      

April 2013

Morphological, phytochemical, and anti-bacterial properties of wild and indigenous plant (Amorphophallus commutatus)

Morinda lucida was found common in recipes given by Traditional Medical Practitioners in South Western Nigeria either as memory enhancer or anti-ageing. The oven dried leaves were extracted with 80% methanol and screened for both acetyl (AChE) and buteryl (BuChE) cholinesterase inhibitory activities. Fractionation of the crude extracts, followed by ethyl acetate bulk extraction, precipitation studies, phytochemical...

Author(s): Arjun R. Krishna, Asis Singh, V. Abdul Jaleel, Sreena Raj, S. Karthikeyan and K. M Gothandam    

April 2013

Screening of antibacterial potential of root extracts of Solanum xanthocarpum Schrad. & Wendl

Ten pathogenic bacteria were tested against the crude organic extracts (ethanol, hexane, chloroform and ethyl acetate) of roots of Solanum xanthocarpum Schrad. & Wendl =Solanum surattense Burm. F. Extracts were active against Gram-positive bacteriaStaphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus faecalis and Gram-negative bacteria Erwinia chrysanthemi, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pasteurella...

Author(s): Lalit Mohan and Bhawana Bhat      

April 2013

Chemical constituents of Mikania glomerata Spreng and Mikania laevigata Sch. Bip. ex Baker

The species Mikania glomerata and Mikania laevigata, which are commonly known as guaco, are medicinal plant species widely employed for the treatment of respiratory diseases. In traditional medicine, both species have a long history of use. Currently, the medical use of these plants is widespread because pre-clinical studies have demonstrated their hypo-allergenic, antiasthmatic and antiulcerogenic...

Author(s): João C. Gasparetto, Thais M. G. de Francisco and Roberto Pontarolo    

April 2013

The effect of concentration on the antioxidant activity of selected culinary herbs

Antioxidant activity of selected widely used culinary herbs (oregano, Greek oregano, marjoram, summer savory, rosemary and two varieties of leafy parsley) was monitored to see the effect of increasing herb content on the inhibition of pork lard oxidation. The activity of tested dry herbs was significant (protection factors were from 1.7 to 11.4) and linearly increased at all range of concentrations from 10 to 100 g/kg....

Author(s): Lenka KouÅ™imská, Diana Chrpová, Pavel Nový and Jan Pánek    

April 2013

Solanum jabrense Agra & M. Nee (Solanaceae) exhibits spasmolytic activity on guinea‑pig ileum

Some Solanum species are commonly known as “jurubeba” and have a variety of biological activities such as hypotensive, antidiarrheal, and spasmolytic actions. Solanum jabrense is a perennial shrub or tree from Solanaceae family. The hexane extract from aerial parts of S. jabrense (SJ-Hex) was assayed for possible spasmolytic effect in guinea-pig ileum. SJ-Hex inhibited the...

Author(s): Fabiana de Andrade Cavalcante, Joelmir Lucena Veiga da Silva, Antonilêni Freire Duarte Medeiros, Fladmir de Sousa Claudino, Maria de Fátima Agra, Tania Maria Sarmento da Silva, Mário Geraldo de Carvalho, Raimundo Braz-Filho and Bagnólia Araújo da Silva,    

April 2013

Inhibition of planktonic and biofilm growth of Candida albicans reveals novel antifungal activity of caffeine

Infections associated with drug resistant strains and biofilms of Candida albicans have necessitated search for novel molecules with antifungal properties. Caffeine, a major component of the most widely consumed beverages, coffee and tea, is known to possess various biological properties. To evaluate antifungal potential, its effect on growth and virulence attributes of C. albicans was studied using...

Author(s): Jayant S. Raut, Nitin M. Chauhan, Ravikumar B. Shinde and S. Mohan Karuppayil    

April 2013

Chemical constituents of the essential oil from leaves of Psidium cattleianum var. cattleianum

The essential oil obtained by hydrodistillation of dried leaves of Psidium cattleianum var.cattleianum was analysed by gas chromatography (GC) and combined gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). A total of seventy six compounds, representing 97.5% of the oil were identified. The major constituents of the essential oil were caryophyllene oxide (29.56%), alloaromadendrene oxide-(1) (6.82%),...

Author(s): Raju K. Chalannavar, Venugopala K. Narayanaswamy, Himansu Baijnath and Bharti Odhav    

April 2013

A preliminary study of Nicaraguan and Costa Rican medicinal plant knowledge in the Maquenque National Wildlife Refuge

The tropical wet lowland forests of the newly established Maquenque National Wildlife Refuge (MNWLR) in the Northern Zone of Costa Rica provide habitat to numerous medicinal plants, yet few have been documented in the region. By virtue of its proximity to the border, this biologically diverse area has a blend of Nicaraguan and Costa Rican cultures.  The objectives of this research were: (1) to document the commonly...

Author(s): Daniela Joy Shebitz, Roberto Gomez and Ashley Casimir    

April 2013

Ethno-medicinal and culinary uses of Moringa oleifera Lam. in Nigeria

Moringa oleifera is a highly valued ethno-medicinal plant in many countries of the tropics and subtropics. It is a multipurpose plant grown and used in many countries including Nigeria. This study was an attempt to assess knowledge-base of the usefulness and document current utilization of M. oleifera in Nigeria. Data were collected between August and November, 2011 from 280 respondents across...

Author(s): G. C. Stevens, K. P. Baiyeri and O. Akinnnagbe