Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3833

Table of Content: 9 November, 2011; 5(25)

November 2011

Eleutherococcus senticosus as a crude medicine: Review of biological and pharmacological effects

Eleutherococcus senticosus (Rupr. et Maxim.) Harms (Acanthopanax senticosus, Araliaceae, ES, thereafter), also called Siberian ginseng, Ciwujia in Chinese, and Gasiogalpi in Korea, is distributed in the southeastern Russia, northeast China, Korea, and Japan. The woody medicinal plant has been known since ancient times for its curative properties, and particularly the cortical roots and stem tissues of ES have been...

Author(s): Sun Yan-Lin, Liu Lin-De and Hong Soon-Kwan,

November 2011

Pattern of gene and enzyme in secondary pathways of medicinal plants

Medicinal plants have been the subjects of man’s curiosity since time immemorial. Approximately 80% of the people in the world’s developing countries rely on traditional medicine for their primary health care needs, and about 85% of traditional medicine involves the use of plant extracts. Bioactive compounds currently extracted from plants are used as pharmaceuticals, agrochemicals, flavor and fragrance...

Author(s): Baratali Siahsar, Abdol Shakoor Raissi, Abolfazl Tavassoli and Mohammad Rahimi

November 2011

Anti-Helicobacter and gastroduodenal cytoprotective actions of the leaf aqueous extract of Ocimum suave (Lamiaceae)

The gastroduodenal cytoprotective potential of the leaf aqueous extract of Ocimum suave(Lamiaceae) was investigated in rats using several ulcer-inducing methods. The anti-Helicobacter property of the extract was further assessed in vitro against Helicobacter pyloriCCUG-39500. The results obtained indicated that in all cases, orally administered extract (125 to 500 mg/kg) dose-dependently...

Author(s): Paul V. Tan, Christophe Mezui and Maurice Boda

November 2011

Introduction to male infertility

Author(s): Faisal Zakai, Shahab Uddin, M. Akram, E. Mohiuddin, Abdul Hannan and  Khan Usmanghani   NOT AVAILABLE

November 2011

Micropropagation of medicinal plant Dracocephalum kotschyi Boiss. via nodal cutting technique

An experiment was carried out to examine the effects of different combinations of plant growth regulators on the in vitro micropropagation of Dracocephalum kotschyi Boiss. D. kotschyi, of the family Lamiaceae, which is rich in aromatic essential oils and valuable for its pharmaceutical, aromatic and culinary properties. The present study showed the procedure for propagation of D....

Author(s): M. Otroshy and K. Moradi

November 2011

Composition of the essential oil and petroleum ether extract of Lycium chinense Miller fruits and antioxidant activity of its several extracts

The essential oil and petroleum ether extract from the fruits of Lycium chinense Mill. (Solanaceae), were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Out of 42 peaks, 40 components, which constituted 99.81%, were identified in the oil. The oil was dominated by acid and esters which accounted for 66.61 and 8.43%, respectively. The major constituents were hexadecanoic acid methyl ester (4.92%),...

Author(s): Ill-Min Chung, Praveen Nagella, Young-Sup Ahn Seok-Ju Kim and Ateeque Ahmad

November 2011

How to optimize the seed and seed-oil production in the cash crop halophyte Cakile maritima?

Seeds of the medicinal plant Cakile maritima contain significant quantities of oil rich in erucic acid. Irrigation with up to 500 mM NaCl had no adverse impact on the plant growth and reproduction of this promising species for domestication. Yet, almost half of the seed yield may be lost at the harvest due to the fall of the fragile ripened siliculas. This is a major practical hurdle that would jeopardize the...

Author(s): Mhemmed Gandour, Wael Tamaalli, Najla Trabelsi, Kamel Hessini, Khaled Sebei, Ahmed Debez and Chedly Abdelly

November 2011

Antimicrobial activity against periodontopathic bacteria and cytotoxic study of Cratoxylum formosum and Clausena lansium

Cratoxylum formosum ssp. pruniflorum and Clausena lansium are among edible plants that commonly used for various ethnomedical conditions. This study investigated antimicrobial activity against periodontopathic bacteria using agar diffusion technique. These plant extracts demonstrated comparable antimicrobial efficacy against black-pigmented bacteria strains to standard drug chlorhexidine. The...

Author(s): Jintakorn Kuvatanasuchati, Surat Laphookhieo and Pirasut Rodanant

November 2011

Micropropagation of Anisodus tanguticus and assessment of genetic stability of regenerated plants using inter simple sequence repeat (ISSR) marker

For the first time, an in vitro protocol for efficient shoot multiplication has been developed from shoot tip explants of Anisodus tanguticus, an endangered medicinal plant in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. Multiple shoots were induced from the shoot tip explants on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium supplemented with various concentrations of N6-benzylaminopurine (BA), kinetin (KT) or in combination with...

Author(s): Tao He, Haitao Wang, Lina Yang and Zhigang Zhao

November 2011

Chemical constituents and antioxidant properties of Rosmarinus officinalis L. essential oil cultivated South-Western Tunisia

Essential oil extracted from the aerial parts of Rosmarinus officinalis by hydrodistillation was analyzed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry and the components identified were 15. The major constituents of the essential oil were 1,8-cineole (35.32%), trans-caryophyllene (14.47%), borneol (9.37%), camphor (8.97%), α-pinene (7.9%) and α-thujone (6.42%). R....

Author(s): Adel Kadri, Zied Zarai, Ines Ben Chobba, Ahmed Békir, Néji Gharsallah, Mohamed Damak and Radhouane Gdoura

November 2011

In vitro antioxidant activity of acetone extracts from Chinese herb agrimony leaves

The purpose of this study was to evaluate antioxidant activities of the ethyl acetate soluble fraction (ESF) and butanol soluble fraction (BSF) of agrimony acetone extract. The ESF and BSF were investigated for their antioxidant activities by means of the 2, 2-diphenhyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), 2, 2-azino-bis 3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulphonic acid (ABTS), β-carotene-linoleate and hydroxyl radical assay. The IC50...

Author(s): Zhe-xiong Jin and Bao-Qing Wang

November 2011

Study the correlation between some climate parameters and the content of phenolic compounds in roots of Glycyrrhiza glabra

Licorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra, Leguminosae) roots and rhizomes are used in herbal medicines for health effects and it contains more than 100 various useful compounds including phenolics and triterpene saponins (glycyrrizin). In this investigation, the content of some biochemical compounds important in pharmacy, food industry and economics were compared in G. glabraroot gathering from seven localities of Kerman...

Author(s): Hakimeh Oloumi and Neda Hassibi

November 2011

Phytochemical analysis of selected medicinal plants of Margalla Hills and surroundings

The present study investigate the qualitative and quantitative analysis of the major bioactive constituents of 13 medicinally important plants, namely Woodfordia fruiticosa, Adhatoda vasica, Chenopodium ambrosoides, Viburnum cotinifolium, Euphorbia hirta, Vitex negundo,Peganum harmala, Broussonetia papyrifera, Taraxacum officinale, Urtica dioica, Verbascum...

Author(s): Amir Muhammad Khan, Rizwana Aleem Qureshi, Faizan Ullah, Syed Aneel Gilani, Asia Nosheen, Sumaira Sahreen, Muhammad Khan Laghari, Muhammad Yousif Laghari, Shafiq-Ur-Rehman, Ishtiaq Hussain and Waheed Murad

November 2011

Chloroform extract of Tibetan herbal medicine Dracocephalum tanguticum Maxim. inhibits proliferation of T98G glioblastomas cells by modulating Caspase-3 cleavage and expression of Bax and p21

A chloroform extract of Dracocephalum tanguticum Maxim. (CEDtM) was obtained andphytochemical analysis showed that this extract contained high content of sapogenin or saponin (53.7%). Subsequently, the anticancer potential of this CEDtM was investigated in T98G glioblastomas cells. Results showed that CEDtM with the dose of 90 mg/ml efficiently induced cytotoxicity in T98G...

Author(s): Xinyan Wang, Jinxiu Xu, Mu Yang and Hong Zhou

November 2011

Tetrandrine attenuates NF-ĸB activation in trigeminal ganglia by blocking calcium channel in a rat model of migraine

Glial cells are now recognized as an active participant in the initiation and maintenance of migraine. NF-κB, a nuclear transcription factor, is the center of inflammatory response. Nitroglycerin (NTG)-induced NF-ĸB activation has been shown to play a critical role in the pathogenesis of migraine. Nitroglycerin (NTG) can activate NF-κB transcription, leading to the translocation of p65 subunit of...

Author(s): Zhiwei Cui, Lixue Chen, Gui Bei, Lianlian Chen, Tan Ge, Guangcheng Qin and Jiying Zhou  

November 2011

Salinity tolerance and site of K+ accumulation in four maize varieties grown in Khyber Pakhtoonkhwa region of Pakistan

Crops face different types of biotic and abiotic stresses. Among abiotic stresses, salinity is very harmful and adversely affects the yield and production of crops. In Pakistan, maize is the third most important cereal crop after wheat and rice. In this research work, salt stress was applied to four maize varieties. The experiment was conducted in glass house. The effect of salinity on some physiological parameters that...

Author(s): Asad Zia, Bin Guo, Ikram Ullah, Riaz Ahmad, Mubarak Ali Khan, Bilal Haider Abbasi and Ya-hui Wei

November 2011

Cell suspension culture of Arnebia euchroma (Royle) Johnston – A potential source of naphthoquinone pigments

The roots of Arnebia euchroma contain naphthoquinone red pigments, which have been used as colorant in food, cosmetics and as a dye for textile industries. Besides, these have medicinal and pharmaceutical properties too. Cell suspension culture serves as an alternative for secondary metabolite production. In this study, various growth factors such as inoculum build up process, phosphate source and in...

Author(s): Ravi Kumar, Nandini Sharma, Sonia Malik, Shashi Bhushan, Upendra Kumar Sharma, Devla Kumari, Arun Kumar Sinha, Madhu Sharma and Paramvir Singh Ahuja

November 2011

Potassium bromate (KBrO3) induced nephrotoxicity: Protective effects of n-hexane extract of Sonchus asper

Potassium bromate (KBrO3) is an oxidizing agent used in industries for the formation of hair solution, cosmetics and as a by product during ozonation of water, causes infections in kidney and has been classified as 2B group toxic chemical a probable human carcinogen. In the present study, Sonchus asper non polar n-hexane extract (SAHE) is used against KBrO3induced nephrotoxicity in rats. During this study 32...

Author(s): Rahmat Ali Khan, Muhammad Rashid Khan, Sumaira Sahreen, Nasir Ali Shah, Jasia Bokhari, Maria Shabbir, Umbreen Rashid and Shumila Jan

November 2011

Tribulus terrestris inhibits caries-inducing properties of Streptococcus mutans

In the present study, we examined the inhibitory effects of the ethanol extract of Tribulus terrestris on the growth, acid production, adhesion, and water-insoluble glucan synthesis ofStreptococcus mutans. The growth and acid production of S. mutans were significantly inhibited in the presence of the ethanol extract of T. terrestris (0.1 to 0.5 mg/ml). The ethanol extract of T....

Author(s): Hong-Keun Oh, Soo Jeong Park, Hae Dalma Moon, Seung Hwan Jun, Na-Young Choi and Yong-Ouk You

November 2011

Preparation of deodorized antioxidant rich extracts from 15 selected spices through optimized aqueous extraction

An aqueous deodorized extraction process with the promising yield ranging from 8.2 to 44.8% of antioxidants from 15 most commonly used spices are presented. Total phenolic content (TPC) ranged from 4.4 to 315.3 mg GAE/g extract. EC50 by DPPH radical scavenging activity and ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) ranged over 0.254 to 19.944 and 0.110 to 15.878 mg/ml, respectively. TPC was found in strong...

Author(s): Kim Wei Chan, Shahid Iqbal, Nicholas M. H. Khong and Abdul Salam Babji

November 2011

Grape seed extract mitigates garlic-induced oxidative stress in rat spleen and plasma

Garlic is a commonly used spice in folk medicine which could also exert adverse health effects when given at high dosage. Grape seed extract (GSE) exhibit a variety of beneficial effects even when used at high dosage. In the present study, we evaluated the toxicity of high dosage garlic treatment on spleen and plasma as well as the protective effect of GSE. Rats were intraperitoneally injected with 5...

Author(s): Sonia Hamlaoui-Gasmi#, Meherzia Mokni#, Nadia Limam, Ferid Limam, Mohamed Amri, Ezzedine Aouani and Lamjed Marzouki

November 2011

Effects of phenological stages on herbage yield and quality/quantity of oil in garden thyme (Thymus vulgaris L.)

Garden thyme (thymus vulgaris) belongs to Lamiaceae family. Thyme is widely used in pharmacy, cosmetics and Food industries of developed countries; it is a strong disinfectant with antioxidant. In order to determine the effects of phenological stages on herbage yield and quality/quantity of oil in Garden thyme, this study was conducted in research farm of Khorasgan (Isfahan) branch of Islamic Azad University in 2009 to...

Author(s): Ahmad Reza Golparvar and Babak Bahari

November 2011

Investigation of antiradical activity of Salvia officinalis L., Urtica dioica L., and Thymus vulgaris L. extracts as potential candidates for a complex therapeutic preparation

The aim of this study was to investigate free radical-scavenging activity of Salvia officinalis L.,Thymus vulgaris L., Urtica dioica L. extracts and mixture of extracts, and to evaluate the effect of these extracts on the ability of mitochondria to generate free radicals. The evaluation of the activity of extracts using 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DDPH),...

Author(s): Rasa Kaledaite, Jurga Bernatoniene, Daiva Majiene, Katerina Dvorackova, Ruta Masteikova, Jan Muselik, Zenona Kalveniene, Julius Liobikas, and Arunas Savickas

November 2011

Effect of exercise and Lycium barbarum extract on serum Fe level and liver antioxidant enzyme activities rats fed with Fe-rich diet

Lycium barbarum is known for its potent anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory effects. To study whether L.. barbarum extract can modulate serum Fe level and oxidative injury, thirty-two male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into six groups. Normal control (Group I): fed a balanced diet and kept sedentary (untrained) until the end of the experiment; Model Control (Group II): fed a Fe-rich diet and kept...

Author(s): RenJie Liang

November 2011

Prevalence of Hepatitis C virus (HCV) in Gadap Town Karachi, Pakistan

Author(s): Asif Iqbal, M. Akram, Hasan Ali, Naveed Akhtar, Saeed Ur Rashid Nazir, Irshad Ahmad, Asim Awan and H. M. Asif