Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3707

Table of Content: September, 2020; 14(9)

September 2020

Protective effect of piperine from Piper chaba fruits on LPS-induced inflammation in human intestinal cell line

Piper chaba is a flowering vine in the family of piperaceae. It is a spicy plant widely used as food and herbal medicine in the South and Southeast Asian countries. The study evaluated anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory activities of a major alkaloid extract, piperine, from P. chaba fruits on human colonic epithelial cells. The effects of piperine extract on cell viability, pro-inflammatory cytokine inhibition, and...

Author(s): Anyanee Buagaew and Natwadee Poomipark  

September 2020

Larvicidal activity of Juniperus procera extract against anopheles mosquito in in vitro, North Western Ethiopia

Mosquitoes are the major health threat as they transmit plasmodium parasites that cause malaria. Since mosquitoes developed resistances towards insecticides, investigators are searching for alternative control measures. Bioactive plant chemicals have been identified to serve as a defense mechanism against insects’ larvae. Therefore, the aim of the study was to evaluate larvicidal activities of Juniperus procera...

Author(s): Wondimu Ersino, Hirpasa Teressa and Tadele Alemayo  

September 2020

Screening open source traditional Chinese medicine extracts for growth-inhibiting properties towards Acinetobacter baumannii

Infections caused by Acinetobacter baumannii and other pathogenic bacteria are a worldwide concern due to their increasingly prevalent multidrug resistance. World leaders and health organizations across the globe have voiced their concerns over antibiotic resistance and the critical need for the development of novel antibiotics. Although the number of new antibiotic drugs entering the marketplace in recent years has...

Author(s): Lucas Poon, Thomas J. Langowski, Mozna H. Khraiwesh, Malik J. Raynor, Jesse P. Deluca, Jeffrey R. Livezey, Thomas G. Oliver, Susan Ensel, Tanja Grkovic, Barry R. O’Keefe, and Patricia J. Lee  

September 2020

Antibacterial, total phenols, antioxidant, and fatty acids of the lyophilized body fat of Podocnemis expansa (Schweigger, 1812) from farm in Acre State, Brazil

Podocnemis expansa (Podocnemididae) is a chelonian of suborder Pleurodira and is popularly known as Amazon turtle. The animal’s body fat was removed from the farm in Xapuri city in Acre State, Brazil. The fat was lyophilized and the oil was extracted by the Soxhlet method using hexane, as a solvent. The fatty acids majority, identified and quantified by gas chromatography-flame ionization detector, were:...

Author(s): Brazil M. V. da S., Souza M. de B., Ferraz V. P., Martins B. A., De Carvalho Neto M. F., De Melo A. C. G. R., Ribeiro P. R. E. and De Melo-Filho A. A.

September 2020

Ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants commonly used in snakebites in North Western Nigeria

The incidence of snake bite in rural West Africa is reportedly high with an 11–17% mortality rate. Nigeria has one third of the cases for snake bite cases in this region.Thus, most tribes in North-western part of Nigeria depend on medicinal plants for snakebites. However, it appears that a gap exists on documentation of these plants especially tropical flora used in the management of snake bite. This led to...

Author(s): Ibrahim-Maigandi Hassan, Aishatu Shehu, Abdulkadir Umar Zezi, Mohammed Garba Magaji and Jamilu Ya’u  

September 2020

In vitro antibacterial activity of Psidium guajava (Guava) leaves extract on carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae causing multi-drug resistant systemic infections

Systemic bacterial infections affect almost all part of the human body systems leading to infections such as urinary tract infections, septicemia, meningitis, pneumonia, peritonitis and gastritis. Carbapenems have been used as drug of choice in the treatment of systemic infections. Studies have indicated that Enterobacteriaceae are producing enzymes such as carbapenemases, which inactivate carbapenems.  There ...

Author(s): Henry Kwadwo Hackman, Reuben Essel Arhin, Bright Kojo Azumah, David Boateng, Blessing Nwosu and Mark Apenteng  

September 2020

Medicinal plants used against malaria by traditional therapists in malaria endemic areas of the S├ęgou region, Mali

West Africa is one of the regions in Africa with the highest levels of malaria transmission a descriptive study was carried out to inventorise the medicinal plants traditionally used against malaria by traditional therapists in five malaria endemic areas of the Ségou region, in Mali. Sixty-five traditional therapists were randomly selected to be part of the study. Questions were posed using semi-structured...

Author(s): Jean Noël KEÏTA, Nouhoum DIARRA, Donatien KONE, Hassana TOUNKARA, Fousseyni DEMBELE, Moustapha COULIBALY  and Nah TRAORE

September 2020

Chemo preventive effect of methanol extract of Anacardium occidentale nut shell on ultra-violet radiation induced skin damage

Anacardium occidentale nut shell liquid has been used for decades especially by natives of South America, Asia and Africa in the treatment of topical skin diseases, abrasion and cancerous ulcers amongst others. Chronic exposure to sunlight can lead to skin damages including erythema, edema, hyperplasia, formation of sunburn cells, photo-aging, suppression of the immune system and skin cancer. This study was aimed at...

Author(s): Pepple N. M. , Ekoriko W. U., Idih F. M. and Chidozie V. O.  

September 2020

Ethnobotanical study of plants used against onchocerciasis in the far north region of Cameroon

Despite the multitude of studies which have shown the use of medicinal plants in the management of parasitic diseases, little data was available on the plants used against onchocerciasis. Ethnobotanical surveys were carried out among traditional healers in the Far North region of Cameroon. Studies were conducted from July 2017 to May 2018 through direct interviews using a semi-structured questionnaire taking into...

Author(s): Amina Mamat, Zambou Zebaze Leïla, Ndjib Rosette Christelle, Nguezeye Yvette, Kenne Meli Phalone, Okah-Nnane Ndode Herman, Bitja Nyom Roger Arnold and Ndjonka Dieudonne