Journal of
Plant Breeding and Crop Science

  • Abbreviation: J. Plant Breed. Crop Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9758
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPBCS
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 340

Full Length Research Paper

Post-harvest evaluation of selected inbred lines to maize weevil Sitophilus zeamais resistance

Khakata S.
  • Khakata S.
  • Department of Plant Science and Crop Protection, University of Nairobi. P. O. Box 29053-00625, Nairobi, Kenya.
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Mbute F. N.
  • Mbute F. N.
  • Department of Plant Science and Crop Protection, University of Nairobi. P. O. Box 29053-00625, Nairobi, Kenya.
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Chemining’wa G. N.
  • Chemining’wa G. N.
  • Department of Plant Science and Crop Protection, University of Nairobi. P. O. Box 29053-00625, Nairobi, Kenya.
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Mwimali M.
  • Mwimali M.
  • Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organization. P. O. Box 340-90100, Machakos, Kenya.
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Karanja J.
  • Karanja J.
  • Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organization. P. O. Box 340-90100, Machakos, Kenya.
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Harvey J.
  • Harvey J.
  • Feed the Future Innovation Lab for the Reduction of Post-Harvest Loss, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 55606 USA.
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Mwololo J. K.
  • Mwololo J. K.
  • East and Southern Africa Breeding Program, International Crops Research Institute for the Semi Arid Tropics P. O. Box 1096, Lilongwe, Malawi.
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  •  Received: 21 February 2017
  •  Accepted: 20 December 2017
  •  Published: 31 May 2018

Abstract

Maize weevil (Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky) is a major maize (Zea mays L.) storage insect pest in the tropics which reduces the quantity and quality of maize hence facilitating establishment of aflatoxin and other mycotoxins. The objective of this study was to evaluate maize weevil resistance on selected inbred lines. Twenty eight inbred lines with 2 checks (MTPO701-reistant and Duma 41-susceptible) were used in this experiment. Thirty unsexed adult insects were introduced into 250 ml glass jars with grains of the lines at room temperature.  Evaluation of weevil damage was done at 10, 60 and 120 days after maize weevil infestation. Each category of storage period was replicated 4 times and experiment was set at the same time. Data was collected on percent weevil damage, grain weight loss and number of live and dead weevils on each inbred line. ANOVA analysis showed significant differences (P ≤ 0.05) on weight loss. The selection of the resistant genotypes was based on percent weight loss after 60 days. Resistant lines selected included KEN2/TZL2.25# and LEPOOL-1/TZL2-2-1. These lines showed resistance to maize weevil damage and hence can be stored up to 4 months. At 120 days there was maximum damage and most lines could not be differentiated on the basis of resistance. KEN2/TZL2-2-5# showed consistency in resistance to maize weevils at all storage periods. High heritability at 60 days showed that selection for weevil resistance in these inbred lines is effective and feasible. Results in this study also revealed high, positive and significant correlation relationship between percent damage, weight loss and live weevils. The maize weevil resistant lines can be used to improve resistance of high yielding varieties in breeding programmes.

Key words: Inbred lines, maize, post-harvest, resistance, Sitophillus zeamais.