Journal of
Plant Breeding and Crop Science

  • Abbreviation: J. Plant Breed. Crop Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9758
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPBCS
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 409

Full Length Research Paper

Evaluation of large seeded faba bean genotypes for agronomic performance in vertisol areas of Southern Tigray, Ethiopia

Birhanu Amare Gidey
  • Birhanu Amare Gidey
  • Alamata Agricultural Research Center, Pulse and Oil Cros Case Team, P. O. Box 56, Tigray, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 05 May 2016
  •  Accepted: 01 July 2016
  •  Published: 31 October 2016

Abstract

Thirty-two faba bean genotypes were evaluated for their yield and yield components in verstisol areas of Hashenge and Aiba in 2015. Alpha lattice design with two replications was used for the experiment. The Analysis of Variance showed highly significant differences (P<0.01) for thousand seed weight over locations. Based on this, genotype EH 06007-2 scored highest 1000 seed weight (1111 g) followed by EH 06088-6 (971.5) and EH 06007-4 (938.5 g) over locations. Least thousand seed weight was obtained from the local genotype (505.5 gm) followed by the standard check Walki (587.3) and ET 07017-bulk (648.0 g). Grain yield showed significant differences (p<0.05) at Aiba location but no significant differences in Hashenge. At Aiba, genotype ET 07013-1 gave the highest grain yield (59.31 qt/ha) followed by genotype ET 07005-1 (57.85) and EH 06088-1 (54.77 qt/ha). Significant positive correlations were recorded between TSW with DM (0.624), number of seeds per pod (0.567) and NTPP (0.427) but it was negatively correlated with NPPP (-0.487). Grain yield was significantly and positively correlated with plant height (0.49) and NPPP (0.369). The highest distance (0.692) was between cluster V and IV, which suggested that the members of these clusters diverge on most of the studied traits and could be used in breeding programs. Principal component (PC) analysis revealed that the first four PCs explained 83.7% of the total variation. The variance explained by PC1 was mostly due to traits related to DM, TSW, NSPP and NTPP, whereas PC II was mostly related to grain yield, plant height, NPPP and thousand seed weight traits. The PC analysis ultimately showed the amount of variability for the traits that could be used for the improvement of large seed sized faba bean genotypes.

 

Key words: Large seed size, genotypes, grain yield, faba bean Vicia faba, vertisols