Journal of
Public Health and Epidemiology

  • Abbreviation: J. Public Health Epidemiol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2316
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPHE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 569

Full Length Research Paper

The economic strength of caregivers of orphans and vulnerable children in Akwa Ibom and Rivers States, Nigeria

Bamgboye Elijah A.
  • Bamgboye Elijah A.
  • Association for Reproductive and Family Health, LOPIN 1 Project, Plot 815A, Ibadan Army Officers Mess Road, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Odusote Temitayo
  • Odusote Temitayo
  • United States Agency for International Development (USAID), Plot 1075, Diplomatic Drive, Central Business District, Garki, Abuja, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Olusanmi Iyabode
  • Olusanmi Iyabode
  • Association for Reproductive and Family Health, LOPIN 1 Project, Plot 815A, Ibadan Army Officers Mess Road, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.
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Yusuf Oyindamola B.
  • Yusuf Oyindamola B.
  • Department of Epidemiology and Medical Statistics, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.
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Bamgboye Eniola A.
  • Bamgboye Eniola A.
  • Department of Epidemiology and Medical Statistics, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.
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Asaolu Olugbenga S.
  • Asaolu Olugbenga S.
  • Association for Reproductive and Family Health, LOPIN 1 Project, Plot 815A, Ibadan Army Officers Mess Road, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.
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Iwuala Felix
  • Iwuala Felix
  • Association for Reproductive and Family Health, LOPIN 1 Project, Plot 815A, Ibadan Army Officers Mess Road, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.
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Ayeni Oluwagbemiga
  • Ayeni Oluwagbemiga
  • Association for Reproductive and Family Health, LOPIN 1 Project, Plot 815A, Ibadan Army Officers Mess Road, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.
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Ladipo Oladapo A.
  • Ladipo Oladapo A.
  • Association for Reproductive and Family Health, LOPIN 1 Project, Plot 815A, Ibadan Army Officers Mess Road, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.
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  •  Received: 20 March 2017
  •  Accepted: 04 July 2017
  •  Published: 30 September 2017

Abstract

The true statistics of orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) in Nigeria is not well known. Therefore, a lack of empirical data on the economic conditions of OVC in Nigeria has hampered the development of effective intervention strategies to mitigate their economic needs. This study assessed the economic activities and capabilities of caregivers in enrolled vulnerable households in Akwa Ibom and Rivers States into a project being undertaken by Association for Reproductive and Family Health (ARFH) on OVC. A cross sectional survey was conducted in 8 Local Government Areas in Akwa Ibom and Rivers States. Information on demographic and socio-economic characteristics of caregivers or heads of the households were collected. Descriptive statistics, T-test and X2- test were used for data analyses. There were 13,631 respondents/caregivers from both Local Government Areas. The commonest economic activity was petty business. The respondents did not have any prior training on other income generating activities. A sizeable proportion of caregivers saw finance as a major constraint to their business climate. The majority of caregivers of OVC in these states did not earn a living wage. Therefore, they will require vocational, business and financial literacy training for effective household economic strengthening program as an intervention strategy of any project.

Key words: Association for reproductive and family health (ARFH), orphans and vulnerable children (OVC), intervention strategy, business and financial literacy training.