Journal of
Public Health and Epidemiology

  • Abbreviation: J. Public Health Epidemiol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2316
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPHE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 581

Full Length Research Paper

Mapping and characterization of Ijede community - A semi-urban population in Ikorodu Local Government Area of Lagos, Nigeria

Agatha N. David
  • Agatha N. David
  • Clinical Sciences Department, Nigerian Institute of Medical Research, Yaba, Lagos, Nigeria.
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Oluwatosin O. Odubela
  • Oluwatosin O. Odubela
  • Clinical Sciences Department, Nigerian Institute of Medical Research, Yaba, Lagos, Nigeria.
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Abideen O. Salako
  • Abideen O. Salako
  • Clinical Sciences Department, Nigerian Institute of Medical Research, Yaba, Lagos, Nigeria.
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Adeola Y. Olukosi
  • Adeola Y. Olukosi
  • Biochemistry and Nutrition Department, Nigerian Institute of Medical Research, Lagos, Nigeria.
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Oluwagbemiga Aina
  • Oluwagbemiga Aina
  • Biochemistry and Nutrition Department, Nigerian Institute of Medical Research, Lagos, Nigeria.
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Ajibaiye Olushola
  • Ajibaiye Olushola
  • Biochemistry and Nutrition Department, Nigerian Institute of Medical Research, Lagos, Nigeria.
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Adesola Z. Musa
  • Adesola Z. Musa
  • Monitoring and Evaluation Unit, Nigerian Institute of Medical Research, Lagos, Nigeria.
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Baruwa Basit
  • Baruwa Basit
  • Lagos Bureau of Statistics, Ministry of Economic Planning and Budget, Lagos, Nigeria.
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Samson Awolola
  • Samson Awolola
  • Public Health and Epidemiology Department, Nigerian Institute of Medical Research, Lagos, Nigeria
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Babatunde L. Salako
  • Babatunde L. Salako
  • Clinical Sciences Department, Nigerian Institute of Medical Research, Yaba, Lagos, Nigeria.
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  •  Received: 07 July 2020
  •  Accepted: 02 November 2020
  •  Published: 30 November 2020

Abstract

Demographic and health surveys provide household level data on population dynamics and health-related issues. Findings from a well characterized community can be used by relevant stakeholders to plan appropriate and acceptable health interventions for the benefit of the citizens. This project aimed to characterize Ijede community in Ikorodu LGA of Lagos State, Nigeria in preparation for a more appropriate Demographic and Health Surveillance System (DHSS) in the community. The study carried out a cross-sectional study in Ijede community in Lagos State. Buildings and structures in the community were mapped, a census of the community taken, socio-demographic details of household heads obtained, availability of water, sanitation and hygiene, and other facilities assessed. Descriptive statistics were used for analysis of data. The population of the community was 8,208 persons in 2,171 households with a male-female ratio of 1:1. About half of the populations (47.4%) were aged less than 20 years. Majority of household heads were males (72.4%), aged 40-59 years (43.0%), retail traders (25.8%), and married (68.8%). Multifarious tenement buildings constituted majority of buildings. The major source of water supply is the borehole (59.6%) and the water is not purified in 60.0% of cases. The flush toilet constitutes majority of toilet facilities but 15.4% are still uncovered pit latrines. Ijede community has been characterized, with a population of 8,208 and key demographic parameters obtained, thus providing required baseline for the establishment of a DHSS in this community.

Key words: Mapping, demographic, surveillance, health, population.