Demographic and health surveys provide household level data on population dynamics and health-related issues. Findings from a well characterized community can be used by relevant stakeholders to plan appropriate and acceptable health interventions for the benefit of the citizens. This project aimed to characterize Ijede community in Ikorodu LGA of Lagos State, Nigeria in preparation for a more appropriate Demographic and Health Surveillance System (DHSS) in the community. The study carried out a cross-sectional study in Ijede community in Lagos State. Buildings and structures in the community were mapped, a census of the community taken, socio-demographic details of household heads obtained, availability of water, sanitation and hygiene, and other facilities assessed. Descriptive statistics were used for analysis of data. The population of the community was 8,208 persons in 2,171 households with a male-female ratio of 1:1. About half of the populations (47.4%) were aged less than 20 years. Majority of household heads were males (72.4%), aged 40-59 years (43.0%), retail traders (25.8%), and married (68.8%). Multifarious tenement buildings constituted majority of buildings. The major source of water supply is the borehole (59.6%) and the water is not purified in 60.0% of cases. The flush toilet constitutes majority of toilet facilities but 15.4% are still uncovered pit latrines. Ijede community has been characterized, with a population of 8,208 and key demographic parameters obtained, thus providing required baseline for the establishment of a DHSS in this community.
Key words: Mapping, demographic, surveillance, health, population.
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