Journal of
Public Health and Epidemiology

  • Abbreviation: J. Public Health Epidemiol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2316
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPHE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 569

Full Length Research Paper

Effect of an educational program on awareness of cervical cancer and uptake of Pap smear among market women in Niger State, North Central Nigeria

Gana, G. J.
  • Gana, G. J.
  • Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto, Sokoto State, Nigeria.
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Oche, M. O.
  • Oche, M. O.
  • Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto, Sokoto State, Nigeria.
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Ango, J. T.
  • Ango, J. T.
  • Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto, Sokoto State, Nigeria.
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Raji, M. O.
  • Raji, M. O.
  • Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto, Sokoto State, Nigeria.
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Okafoagu, N. C.
  • Okafoagu, N. C.
  • Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto, Sokoto State, Nigeria.
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  •  Received: 14 July 2016
  •  Accepted: 25 August 2016
  •  Published: 31 October 2016

Abstract

Cervical cancer is an important but preventable public health problem among women worldwide. Studies have shown low awareness about cervical cancer and its screening test. The aim of this research was to determine the effectiveness of an educational intervention programme on awareness of cervical cancer and uptake of Pap smear by women in selected markets in Niger State, Nigeria. This was a quasi-experimental study conducted in 2014. Sample size was determined based on a previous study on Pap smear test in Nigeria. Multi stage sampling technique was used for recruiting the study participants. SPSS statistical software was used for data entry, editing and analysis. The socio-demographic profile of the respondents was comparable between both groups. Respondents’ awareness about cervical cancer and uptake of Pap smear were comparable between both groups at pre-intervention. Post-intervention, there was a statistically significant difference in awareness about cervical cancer (χ2 = 59.127, p<0.001) with a marginal increase in uptake of Pap smear test (Fisher’s exact, p=0.621) in the intervention group as compared to the control group. This finding underscores the need for awareness creation strategies and the need for more interventional programs.

 

Key words: Pap smear test, human papilloma virus, cervical cancer.