Journal of
Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy

  • Abbreviation: J. Pharmacognosy Phytother.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2502
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPP
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 198

Full Length Research Paper

Study of chemical composition of Foeniculum vulgare using Fourier transform infrared spectrophotometer and gas chromatography - mass spectrometry

Hussein J. Hussein
  • Hussein J. Hussein
  • Department of Biology, Babylon University, Iraq.
  • Google Scholar
Mohammed Yahya Hadi
  • Mohammed Yahya Hadi
  • College of Biotechnology, Al-Qasim Green University, Iraq.
  • Google Scholar
Imad Hadi Hameed*
  • Imad Hadi Hameed*
  • Department of Biology, Babylon University, Iraq.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 29 August 2015
  •  Accepted: 29 October 2015
  •  Published: 31 March 2016


Medicinal plants are potential sources of natural compounds with biological activities and therefore attract the attention of researchers worldwide. The objective of this research was to determine the chemical composition of seeds extract from methanol. The phytochemical compound screened by gas chromatography - mass spectrometry (GC-MS) method. Fifty six bioactive phytochemical compounds were identified in the methanolic extract of Foeniculum vulgare. The identification of phytochemical compounds is based on the peak area, retention time molecular weight, molecular formula, MS Fragment- ions and Pharmacological actions. The Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) analysis of F. vulgare seeds proved the presence of alkenes, aliphatic fluoro compounds, alcohols, ethers, carboxlic acids, esters, nitro compounds, alkanes, hydrogen bonded alcohols and phenols.

Key words: Gas chromatography - mass spectrometry (GC-MS), bioactive compounds, Fourier transforminfrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), Foeniculum vulgare.