Journal of
Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences

  • Abbreviation: J. Toxicol. Environ. Health Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9820
  • DOI: 10.5897/JTEHS
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 208

Full Length Research Paper

Prevalence and distribution of aflatoxin (AfB1) in groundnut and groundnut-based products in Northwestern Nigeria

Michael Boboh Vabi
  • Michael Boboh Vabi
  • International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, Kano Station, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Christopher Oche Eche
  • Christopher Oche Eche
  • Faculty of Crop and Environmental Protection, College of Agronomy, Federal University of Agriculture Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Maikasuwa Isaac Ogara
  • Maikasuwa Isaac Ogara
  • Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Agronomy, Nasarawa State University, Lafia Campus, Nasarawa State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Hakeem Ayinde Ajeigbe
  • Hakeem Ayinde Ajeigbe
  • International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, Kano Station, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Abba Aliyu Kasim
  • Abba Aliyu Kasim
  • Department of Geography and Regional Planning, Faculty of Social Sciences, Federal University, Dutsin-Ma, Katsina State, Nigeria
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 16 April 2020
  •  Accepted: 03 July 2020
  •  Published: 31 August 2020


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Arowora KA, Ikeorah JN (2010). Five decades of Aflatoxin research in Nigeria Stored Products Research Institute (NSPRI). Fifth Annual Conference of the Nigeria ' Mycotoxin Awareness Research and Study Network, NSPRI', Ilorin. 26-28th September 2010.


Atanda O, Anthony H, Isaac M, Ogara M, Edema M, Kingsley O, Idahor M, Eshiett E, Oluwabamiwo BF (2013). Fungal and Mycotoxin Contamination of Nigerian Foods and Feeds. In: Mycotoxin and Food Safety in Developing Countries, pp. 1-37.


Awuah RT, Fialor SC, Binns AD, Kagochi J, Jolly CM (2006). Factors influencing market participant's decision to sort groundnuts along the marketing chain in Ghana. Peanut Science 36(1):68-76.


Bediako KA, Ofori K, Offei SK, Dzidzienyo D, Asibuo JY, Amoah RA (2019). Aflatoxin contamination of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.): Predisposing factors and management interventions. Review in Food Control 98:61-67.


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Ezekiel CN, Kayode FO, Fapohunda SO, Olurunfemi MF, Kponi BT (2012b). Aflatoxigenic moulds and aflatoxins in street-vended snacks in Lagos, Nigeria. Internet Journal of Food Safety 14:88-92.


Ezekiel CN, Sulyok M, Babalola DA. Warth B, Ezekiel VC, Krska R (2013). Incidence and consumer awareness of toxigenic Aspergillus section flavi and aflatoxin B1 in peanut cake from Nigeria. Food Control 30(2):596-601.


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Gong YY, Kimanya ME, Musoke G, Nelson F, Sonoiya S, Manyong V (2015). Building an Aflatoxin Safe East African Community. Technical Paper Number 8. Aflatoxin Standards for Foods; Knowledge Platform Situational Analysis


Guimon J, Guimon P (2012). How ready-to use therapeutic food shapes a new technological regime to treat child malnutrition. Technological Forecasting and Social Change 79:1319-27.


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HoeltzI M, EinloftI TC, OldoniI P, DottoriII HA, Isa Beatriz NIB (2012) The occurrence of aflatoxin B1 contamination in peanuts and peanut products marketed in southern Brazil. Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology 55(2) 


ICRISAT - International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (2010). ELISA; An Inexpensive and Precise Tool for Estimation of Aflatoxins. 



Ifeji EI, Makun HA, Mohammed HL, Adeyemi RYH, Madefiya SC (2014). Natural occurrence of aflatoxin and ochratoxin A in raw and roasted groundnut from Niger States, Nigeria. Mycotoxicology 1:35-45


Jalloh A, Nelson GC, Thomas TS, Zougmoré R, Roy-Macauley H (2013). West African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive Analysis. IFPRI Books and Research Monographs; International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI): Washington, DC, USA, 2013; 408p, ISBN 978-0-89629-204-8.


Kanyi KJ (2018). Continental Climate Changes on the Occurrence of Aflatoxin Producing Aspergillus species: Review. Austin Journal of Microbiology 4(1):1021.


Kayode OF, Sulyok M, Fapohunda SO, Ezekiel CN, Krska R, Oguntona CR (2013). Mycotoxins and fungal metabolites in groundnut- and maize-based snacks from Nigeria Food Additives Contaminants, Part B: Surveillance 6(4):294-300


Kumar GS, Popat MN (2010). Factors influencing the adoption of aflatoxin management practices in groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.). International Journal of Pest Management 56(2):165-171.


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Monyo ES, Njoroge SMC, Coe R, Osiru M, Madinda F, Waliyar F,Anitha S (2012). Occurrence and distribution of aflatoxin contamination in groundnuts (Arachis hypogaea L) and population density of Aflatoxigenic Aspergilli in Malawi. Crop Protection 42:149-155.


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Mutegi CK, Wagacha JM, Christie ME, Kimani J, Karanja L (2013). Effect of storage conditions on quality and aflatoxin contamination of peanuts (Arachis hypogaea L.). International Journal of AgriScience 3(10):746-758.


Ogara IM, Oluwabamiwo BF, Adedayo VO, Adgizi EA, Idahor KO, Ari MM (2017). Aflatoxin B1 of freshly harvested, hand and machine shelled groundnuts and groundnut cake. Production Agriculture and Technology 13(1):26-29.


Oluwabamiwo BF, Nden E, Abdullahi M (2017). Food safety challenges of Kuli kuli sold in Kaduna metropolis. Presented at the 12th Annual Conference of the Mycotoxicology Society of Nigeria held 1-3rd November 2017 at the Federal Institute of Industrial Research, Oshodi, Lagos.


PACA (2017). Review and Update of the Nigerian Aflatoxin Assessment and Mitigation Strategy. Final Report, 139p.


Pitt JI, Taniwaki MH, Cole MB (2013). Mycotoxin production in major crops as influenced by growing, harvesting, storage and processing, with emphasis on the achievement of Food Safety Objectives. Food Control 32(1):205-215.


Salau IA, Shehu K, Muhammad S, Umar RA (2017). Aflatoxin Contamination of Stored Groundnut Kernel in Sokoto State, Nigeria. Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences 6(10):285- 293.


Sharma KK, Pothana A, Prasad K, Shh D, Kaur j; Bathnagar D, Chen Y, Raruang Y, Cay JW, Rajasekaran K, Sudin HK, Bhathnagar-Mathur P (2017). Peanuts that keep aflatoxin at bay: A threshold that matters. Plant Biotechnology Journal 16:1024- 1033.


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Vabi BM, Mohammed SG, Echekwu CA, Mukhtar AA, Ahmed B, Ajeigbe HA, Eche CO (2019). Best Choices for Enhancing Groundnut Productivity in Nigeria. ICRISAT, Patencheru. 29p. ISBN 978-93-86527-02-8


Vabi MB, Eche CO, Kunihya A, Motagi BN, Mukhtar AA, Haruna SG, Mohammed SG, Ajeigbe HA (2016). Towards a Successful management of Aflatoxin Contamination in Legume and Cereal Farming Systems in Northern Nigeria: Case Study of the Groundnut Value chain. Paper Presented at the 44th Annual Conference of Nigeria Society of Plant Protection, Zaria.


Vabi MB, Ajeigbe HA, Diama A, Affognon H (2018). Cook's Guide to Groundnut Delicacies: Favorite Recipes from Northern Nigeria. International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT). ISBN 978-93-86527-00-4


Wagacha JM, Muthomi JW (2008). Mycotoxin problem in Africa: Current status, implications to food safety and health and possible management strategies. International Journal of Food Microbiology 124:1-12.


Waliyar F, Umeh VC, Traore A, Osiru M, Ntare BR, Diarra B, Kodio O, Vijay K, Sudini H (2015). Prevalence and distribution of aflatoxin contamination in groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) in Mali, West Africa. Crop Protection 70:1-7.


Williams JH, Phillips TD, Jolly PE, Stiles JK, Jolly CM, Aggarwal D (2004). Human aflatoxicosis in developing countries: A review of 101 toxicology, exposure, potential health consequences, and interventions. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 80(5):1106 - 22.