Journal of
Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

  • Abbreviation: J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2529
  • DOI: 10.5897/JVMAH
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 348

Full Length Research Paper

Detection of antibodies to bovine viral diarrhea virus in cattle presented for slaughter at Sokoto metropolitan abattoir, Nigeria

Sanusi Muhammad Bello
  • Sanusi Muhammad Bello
  • Department of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria.
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Aminu Ibrahim Daneji
  • Aminu Ibrahim Daneji
  • Department of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria.
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Umar Muhammad Chafe
  • Umar Muhammad Chafe
  • Department of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria.
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Mikailu Bala Abubakar
  • Mikailu Bala Abubakar
  • Department of Veterinary Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria.
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Abdurrahman Hassan Jibril
  • Abdurrahman Hassan Jibril
  • Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria.
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Aghedo Festus
  • Aghedo Festus
  • Department of Neurosurgery, UDUTH, Sokoto, Nigeria.
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  •  Received: 07 December 2015
  •  Accepted: 28 January 2016
  •  Published: 29 February 2016

Abstract

A seroprevalence study was carried out on serum samples obtained from blood of cattle slaughtered at Sokoto metropolitan abattoir, Sokoto, Nigeria. Systematic random sampling was used to select the animals. Serum samples of 372 cattle of different sexes and breeds were analyzed using ID Screen® BVD p80 Antibody Competition ELISA Test kit for the presence of bovine viral diarrhea antibodies. Two hundred and forty seven (247), representing 66.39% of the samples, were found positive for the antibodies against bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV). More female animals appeared to have BVDV antibodies than the males (p<0.05). Sokoto Gudali breed of cattle recorded the highest number of positive cases of BVDV (p>0.05). The result of this research suggests that there is an existence of BVDV within the study area and that the spread of the BVDV antibodies seems to cut across sex and breed of cattle within the state. It is suggested that virological research on BVDV should be carried out in the state.

Key words: Bovine viral diarrhea virus, antibodies, cattle, Sokoto metropolitan abattoir