Full Length Research Paper
An efficient and most famous tool to enhance damping of the power system low frequency oscillations is the conventional widely used lead-lag Power System Stabilizer (PSS). To achieve the desired level of robust performance under transient situation, selecting a suitable design method for optimal tuning of PSS parameters is very important in multi-machine power system. Because, it is a multimodal and difficult combinatorial optimization problem, this paper presents a novel parameter automation strategy for Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) called PSO with Time-Varying Acceleration Coefficients (PSO-TVAC). This optimization method has a strong ability to successfully control both global and local search in each iteration process for considerably increasing the probability of finding the global optimum solution. The PSO-TVAC algorithm is applied to optimal tuning PSS parameters problem in order to reduce the PSS design effort and find the best possible solution within a reasonable computation time. For this reason, the robustly selection of PSSs parameters is converted as an optimization problem based on the time domain-based objective function under different operating conditions. The robustness of the proposed method is demonstrated on a multi-machine power system in comparison with the classical PSO and conventional method based designed PSSs. It is shown through the nonlinear time domain simulation and some performance indices for a wide range of loading condition. The analysis of the results shows that the improved PSO-TVAC is not only very effective but also provides an excellent ability for damping low frequency oscillations and greatly enhance the dynamic stability of the power system. Moreover, the proposed PSO-TVAC algorithm is superior than that of the classical PSO one in terms of accuracy, convergence and computational effort.
Key words: Power system stabilizer (PSS) design, particle swarm optimization, power system dynamics, time-varying acceleration coefficients.
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