Scientific Research and Essays

  • Abbreviation: Sci. Res. Essays
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1992-2248
  • DOI: 10.5897/SRE
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 2740

Full Length Research Paper

The influence of motives on risky behavior in traffic: Comparison between motorcyclists and passenger car drivers

Vladimir Jevtić1*, Milan Vujanić2, Krsto Lipovac3, Dragan Jovanović4 and Predrag Stanojević5
  1Secretariat for Traffic, City of Belgrade, Department for Traffic Safety and Public Relations, Serbia. 2Faculty of Transport and Traffic Engineering, University of Belgrade, Serbia. 3Academy of Criminalistic and Police studies, Serbia. 4Faculty of Technical Sciences, University of Novi Sad, Serbia. 5Polytechnic School of Vocational Studies Uroševac, Serbia.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 05 March 2012
  •  Published: 16 March 2012



Motorcycle riders represent one of the most endangered groups of traffic participants. It is important to determine which factors influence the increased number of motorcycle deaths in relation to other categories of participants, especially automobile drivers. Motives are often related to risky behaviour in traffic, therefore this paper examines the influence of motives on risky behaviour of motorcyclists and passenger car drivers. The study was based on questionnaire examination that included 144 motorcyclists and 144 passenger car drivers from Serbia. The questionnaires measured their motivation and risky behaviour, while they also collected socio-demographic data. The main objective of the study was to determine the difference between the motivation and risky behaviour of motorcyclists as opposed to passenger car drivers, as well as to determine the motives that are responsible for their risky behaviour.  The general research results show that, due to the existence of analyzed motives, riskier driving is more pronounced in motorcyclists than drivers of passenger cars. Based on the analyzed motives, we can explain 35.3% of the variance in risky behaviour of passenger car drivers and 61.6% of the variance in risky behaviour of motorcyclists. The motive Social influence (β = -0.35, p <0.001) proved to be the most significant predictor of risky behaviour among car drivers, while the motive Confidence/familiarity (β = -0.48, p < 0.001) proved to be the most significant predictor of risky behaviour among motorcyclists.


Key words: Traffic safety, motorcyclists, passenger car drivers, behaviour, motives.