Scientific Research and Essays

  • Abbreviation: Sci. Res. Essays
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1992-2248
  • DOI: 10.5897/SRE
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 2748

Full Length Research Paper

Environmental assessment, instrumentation-quality tests of radiological equipment and human health implications

Oluwafisoye, P. A.1, Obed, I. R.2, Bisi-Johnson, M. A.3*, Olowookere, C. J.4, Popoola, A. O.5 and Efunwole, H. O.6
1Department of Physics, Osun State University, Osogbo, Nigeria. 2Department of Physics, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria. 3Department of Microbiology, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria. 4Department of Physical Sciences, Ajayi Crowther University, Oyo, Nigeria. 5Department of Radiology, Oncology Unit, Lagos State University College of Medicine, Nigeria. 6Department of Physics, Osun State Polytechnic, Iree, Nigeria.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 15 November 2013
  •  Published: 11 December 2013

Abstract

The health implications of human exposures to ionizing radiation may be deleterious on the immunity mechanism, particularly when large but sub-lethal doses are applied over a period of time. Quality control tests of X-ray equipment and environmental monitoring of a private radiological center (Moroko X-ray Center, Lagos) was carried out. The results showed that radiological personnel and the facilities for safety were grossly inadequate. Dose rates of 3.0 to 3.6 µSv were recorded at the entrance door when the door is closed and opened respectively. The dose rates at the adjacent room and the waiting lobby were at least a factor of 60 higher than the background dose rate each, indicating higher risk to visitors and personnel at the center. Investigation of the equipment using a calibrated multi-purpose non-invasive X-ray test device, Victoreen model 4000M+ and radiation monitor device minirad model 1000+, showed lower values against recommended limits of the International Commission of Radiological Protection (ICRP). However, general overhauling of the facilities was recommended as the X-ray equipment is older than the recommended age by the Nigerian Nuclear Regulatory Authority (NNRA). A follow-up study indicates improved facilities and safety measures.

Key words: Quality control, diagnostic facilities, radiology, health, immunity.